Rome Seminar Jolanta Urbanik


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Mobility and language experience

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Rome Seminar Jolanta Urbanik

  1. 1. M obility and language experience Language preparation and support
  2. 2. <ul><ul><li>Speakers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Aims of the session </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Presentations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Discussion </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Recommendations </li></ul></ul>Overview of the session
  3. 3. <ul><ul><li>Jaroslava Sta š kov à , Pre š ov University, Slovakia </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>John Reilly, University of Kent, UK </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Jolanta Urbanikowa, University of Warsaw, Poland </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Old & New Europe </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The widely used and taught language </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Less widely used and taught langauges </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Over 20 years experience in Erasmus </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Less experience in EU funded mobility </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>More in-coming - importing </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>More outgoing - exporting </li></ul></ul></ul>Speakers
  4. 4. <ul><li>To address the questions </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Of mobility </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Of the obstacles </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Of motivation </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Of language preparation and support </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>To identify and share </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Good practices </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Factors related to language learning and intercultural experience boosting mobility </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>To propose recommendations at </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>European level </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>National level </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Institutional level </li></ul></ul></ul>Aims
  5. 5. <ul><li>Jolanta Urbanikowa </li></ul><ul><li>Jaroslava Sta š kov à </li></ul><ul><li>John Reilly </li></ul>Presentations
  6. 6. <ul><li>Communiqu é to be adopted by Ministers in Leuven April, 2009 </li></ul><ul><li>„ More mobility: </li></ul><ul><li>16. Opportunities for mobility shall be further developed and diversified so that mobility will be considered the rule and no longer the exception. </li></ul><ul><li>Mobility of students, early stage researchers and staff, embedded in institutional policies to enhance the quality of programmes, strengthens the academic and cultural internationalisation of European higher education. </li></ul><ul><li>Mobility, which is important for personal development and employability, also fosters respect for diversity and a capacity to deal with it. </li></ul>Mobility – plans and delivery
  7. 7. <ul><li>Communiqu é ctd </li></ul><ul><li>It also encourages linguistic diversity, thus underpinning the multilingual tradition of the EHEA and it increases cooperation and competition between higher education institutions. </li></ul><ul><li>It shall be the hallmark of the EHEA, with a target of at least 20% of graduates that have been mobile during their studies by 2020. Moreover, there shall be an increase of 20% of incoming students from third countries.” </li></ul>Mobility – plans and delivery
  8. 8. <ul><li>Key concepts: </li></ul><ul><li>Mobility for all </li></ul><ul><li>Linguistic diversity encouraged </li></ul><ul><li>Increased numbers of students from third countries </li></ul><ul><li>IMPLICATIONS? </li></ul>Mobility – plans and delivery
  9. 9. <ul><li>Quantity in mobility </li></ul><ul><li>3 mln mobile students by the end of 2012 (end of LLP) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1st, 2nd, 3rd cycle academic mobility </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Horizontal, vertical </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Placements </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Students, teaching staff, administrative staff </li></ul><ul><li>2008: 3.5% of target population mobile in Erasmus </li></ul><ul><li>Growth rates slackening – 3.2% in 2006 vs 7.2% in 2005 versus predicted annual growth of 8% </li></ul>Mobility – plans and delivery
  10. 10. <ul><li>Q uality of mobility – incl. of provision of language preparation and support </li></ul><ul><li>Codes of good practice / basic requirements </li></ul><ul><ul><li>European Quality Charter for Mobility </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Erasmus University Charter </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Erasmus learning/training agreement </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>placement contracts </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Manuals and guidelines for institutions </li></ul><ul><li>Monitoring and advice via National Agencies </li></ul><ul><li>Grants for cultural, linguistic and educational preparation </li></ul><ul><li>Quality labels, awards, prizes </li></ul>Mobility – plans and delivery
  11. 11. <ul><li>Lack of information </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of motivation (also influenced by family, peers, educational organisation) </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of opportunity  personal circumstances </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of a suitable mobility opportunity in the existing programmes </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of recognition </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of appetite to surmount (perceived or real) bureaucracy </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of funding </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of linguistic preparation </li></ul>Mobility – obstacles
  12. 12. <ul><li>Information </li></ul><ul><li>Organisational environment </li></ul><ul><li>Support services (including r ecognition, credit accumulation/transfer, qualifications) </li></ul><ul><li>Availability and design of programmes </li></ul><ul><li>Initiatives to rectify imbalanced flows </li></ul><ul><li>Data and monitoring </li></ul><ul><li>Funding </li></ul><ul><li>Virtual mobility? </li></ul><ul><li>Language-learning </li></ul>Mobility – boosting
  13. 13. <ul><li>UNICA – a network of Uni versities in Ca pital Cities of Europe </li></ul><ul><li>a survey in 2007/2008 </li></ul><ul><li>Language of the host university a selection criterion: 68% </li></ul><ul><li>Language of instruction a selection criterion: 54% </li></ul><ul><li>Proficiency of incoming students in the host language: 42% poor </li></ul><ul><li>Complaints from TS related to poor command of the language </li></ul><ul><li>disrupting classroom activities and impeding academic attainment: 65% </li></ul>Linguistic preparation for Erasmus – UNICA survey
  14. 14. <ul><li>Increasing importance of English </li></ul><ul><li>90% of all students in upper secondary education are learning English (Eurobarometer) </li></ul><ul><li>Raising awareness of the relevance of multilingual competence to employbility, career prospects, competitiveness </li></ul><ul><li>Languages of instruction – subject-related </li></ul><ul><li>Language proficiency – general, academic, subject-specific </li></ul><ul><li>Languages – essential for academic attainment </li></ul><ul><li>Languages – essential for social integration </li></ul><ul><li>Some language preparation must be offered in all the languages relevant to patner institutions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Learning outcomes related to CEFR </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Credited </li></ul></ul>Languages for mobility – basic considerations
  15. 15. <ul><li>TR and a certificate of language proficiency in the language of instruction should be provided </li></ul><ul><li>Langauge competence a selection criterion </li></ul><ul><li>Basic knowledge of the local language if different from the language of instruction necessary </li></ul><ul><li>Information on language requirements of the receiving institution </li></ul><ul><li>Opportunities provided for non-formal language learning and validation </li></ul><ul><li>Key factor: motivation to learn the language in question; </li></ul>Languages for mobility – basic considerations
  16. 16. <ul><li>2007/2008 Erasmus </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Out-going 1020 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>In-coming 420 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Out-going placements 77 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Staff out-going 123 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Staff Training 78 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Staff in-coming 33 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Selection criterion for out-bound mobility </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Language proficiency – English C1, other languages B2 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Recognised language certificates, university language examination, European Language Portfolio & interview </li></ul></ul><ul><li>ECTS credits for languages </li></ul>Mobility – University of Warsaw
  17. 17. <ul><li>Language preparation & support </li></ul><ul><li>University System of Language Provision (50 languages) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Language courses for out-going </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Language courses for in-coming (same access rules as for home students): English & Russian most popular </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Polish as a foreign language (credited) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Free of charge (240 h of tuition available) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tandem Learning (ESN) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Consultations from language teachers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Advice from IRO and Erasmus co-ordinatrors </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Flexibility with LA: originally chosen subjects may be replaced with language courses </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Prosects unclear </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cost </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fewer candidates for mobility programmes, selecteion process no so competitive, the need to allow lower proficiency ? </li></ul></ul>Mobility – University of Warsaw
  18. 18. <ul><li>ctd </li></ul>Presentations
  19. 19. <ul><li>Perceptions of mobility: emphasis on academic experience and attainment or cultural and linguistic experience </li></ul><ul><li>Institutional language policy: the need to embed language preparation and support </li></ul><ul><li>Mobility encourages linguistic diversity or strengthens the position of English </li></ul><ul><li>The impact of students mobility from third countries </li></ul><ul><li>NQF – communication skills in the profile of students and graduates </li></ul><ul><li>Internationalisation for some or „at home” for all: language of instruction (LWUT languages) </li></ul><ul><li>EU funds to promote linguistic and intercultural skills </li></ul><ul><li>Language preparation and support through ICT </li></ul><ul><li>Programmes offered vs languages taught </li></ul><ul><li>Mobility motivates language learning or language learning motivates mobility </li></ul><ul><li>The strategic role of language centres in student and staff mobility </li></ul>Discussion
  20. 20. <ul><li>European level </li></ul><ul><li>National level </li></ul><ul><li>Institutional level </li></ul>Recommendations