Rome Seminar Guy Haug

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Keynote: Mobility in the European Higher Education

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Rome Seminar Guy Haug

  1. 1. Mobility in the EHEA: achievements & outlooks Guy HAUG
  2. 2. <ul><li>Point of departure around 1985 (ERASMUS) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Very low intra-EU mobility, a wall through the continent </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Yet, Europe as n°1 destination for world students </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Situation at turn of Millennium (Bologna, Lisboa) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Success story Erasmus: for organised + horizontal mobility </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Spread of tools (e.g. ECTS), IR offices, networks, joint degrees </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Towards a broader EU, with new tools (Treaties, Tempus, OMC) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Acknowledgement of limitations: cross-learning </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>- heavy administration, little “free” mobility, funding/social issues </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>- still low level of mobility and recognition: cost of incompatibility? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>- US now as n°1 destination of world students </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li> Mobility issues as a major source of Bologna, Lisbon </li></ul></ul>Mobility has come a long way in Europe 3
  3. 3. <ul><li>A substantially new picture is emerging </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Some forms of mobility as an “acquis”; diminishing innovation (?) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>- ILLP, numbers continue to grow overall: “massification”? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>- stronger administration, decentralisation: more routine? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>First impact of structural “convergence” (Bologna): </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>- shorter degree courses, some more “vertical” mobility </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>- growing imbalances in flows and benefits (?); 2-speed Bologna </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>- more, more diverse countries, growing focus on English </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Impact of globalisation on EU/Europe (Lisbon policies) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>- rankings, higher competition for talent, stronger “pull” factor </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>- new EU “external programmes” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>- stress on links with labour market: ILLP, professional mobility </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>- role of mobility in internationalisation/institutional strategies </li></ul></ul>Lessons from a decade of Bologna and Lisbon 3
  4. 4. <ul><li>Beyond spontaneous demand and administered mobility </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Spontaneous” demand for mobility will no longer be enough </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mobility to demonstrate its “value added”; first worrying signals </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Grants: real mobility costs are beyond the reach of many </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A “fatigue” with mobility administration? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>(diminishing innovation, routine processes, recurrent problems) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Growing concern in countries and HEIs about loosing talent </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The costs and complexities of large consortia </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A growing distance between European and field level of mobility </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Entrance in a « new age » of mobility: more free, global, diverse </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li> Mobility as a means rather than an aim </li></ul></ul>Approaching the limits of the current model 3
  5. 5. <ul><li>Diversification of mobility in every respect </li></ul><ul><li> - intra EU/Europe, neighbourhoods, new world powers </li></ul><ul><ul><li>- target groups: new priority groups, impact of LLL, free movers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>- mobility formulas: purpose, timing, duration, programmes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>- new EU programmes + funding models (students, staff, HEIs) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Embedding mobility in institutional strategies </li></ul><ul><ul><li>- re-orientation of EU programmes + national priorities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>- using mobility better for own HEI + non-mobile students </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>- comprehensive internationalisation strategies at HEIs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>- competitive edge of mobility vs. defensive strategies </li></ul></ul>Foreseeable future priorities 3
  6. 6. <ul><li>Quality assurance for all mobility </li></ul><ul><li> - for organised flows (inbound and outbound) </li></ul><ul><li> - for “free” mobility: visibility, attractiveness, trust/recognition </li></ul><ul><li> - models for quality evaluation of mobility (e.g. IQRP) </li></ul><ul><li> - internationalisation as an indicator of quality of HEIs ? </li></ul><ul><li>Empowering students/learners to benefit from EHEA’s diversity </li></ul><ul><ul><li>- more information and better preparation (languages) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>- a framework for “free” mobility at EU, national, HEI level </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>(in addition to, not as a substitute to organised mobility) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>- better recognition of competencies acquired while abroad </li></ul></ul>Foreseeable future priorities 3
  7. 7. <ul><ul><li>- more centred on mobile students/persons </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>- more free: mobility windows, mobility vouchers? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>- more diverse beneficiaries: recent graduates, LLL, managers? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>- more diverse purposes, European values in world context </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>(intra EU, to EU, from EU like in Marie-Curie?) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>- broader sources of funding for higher/better grants </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>(topping-up the ERASMUS budget from non EU-sources?) </li></ul></ul>A new ERASMUS in 2013 ? 3
  8. 8. <ul><ul><li>Thank you </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Merci </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li> Danke </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li> Gracias </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li> Grazie </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li> Obrigado </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>СПАСИБО </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Dank U </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li> K ӧ sz ӧ n ӧ m </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li> Tak </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul>3

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