Tempus –  Modernisation in Higher Education Philippe Ruffio – Unit A5 Modernising Higher Education:  challenges and approa...
<ul><li>Key drivers of the HE evolution </li></ul><ul><li>The challenges for HE reform </li></ul><ul><li>Europe in move </...
<ul><li>4 key drivers:  </li></ul><ul><li>Demographic changes </li></ul><ul><li>Global competition </li></ul><ul><li>Chang...
<ul><li>Number of people potentially having access to HE </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Impact on the size and scope of the HE ...
<ul><li>Challenges in Europe:  </li></ul><ul><li>Ageing society and need for social cohesion </li></ul><ul><li>Attract mor...
<ul><li>A considerable shift in the distribution of the economic powers in the world </li></ul><ul><li>Companies and inves...
<ul><li>Challenges in Europe: </li></ul><ul><li>Europe is poor in raw material and labour (in relative terms) </li></ul><u...
<ul><li>Impact on HE: </li></ul><ul><li>HE has to contribute to the competitiveness of the economies (HE is recognised as ...
<ul><li>Shorter and quicker technology life cycles </li></ul><ul><li>Increasing exchanges among disciplines and sectors </...
<ul><li>Impact on HE: …. new focus and priorities…. </li></ul><ul><li>basic and transversal skills </li></ul><ul><li>encou...
<ul><li>World is confronted to increasing complex challenges </li></ul><ul><li>Prominent topics for the decades to come, a...
<ul><li>Impact on HE: </li></ul><ul><li>Contribute to innovation (including social innovation) </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>I...
<ul><li>All the aspects analysed before are mutually overlapping </li></ul><ul><li>In brief, 3 main challenges: </li></ul>...
<ul><li>Shared consensus in Europe about the analysis and the main priorities </li></ul><ul><li>HE and Research have never...
<ul><li>The Modernisation agenda for universities includes 3 big reforms: </li></ul><ul><li>Governance Reform </li></ul><u...
The modernisation agenda for HE <ul><li>Governance Reform </li></ul><ul><li>A new deal between governments and HEI </li></...
The modernisation agenda for HE <ul><li>Funding reform </li></ul><ul><li>2% of GDP to modernised HE sector </li></ul><ul><...
The modernisation agenda for HE <ul><li>Curricular Reforms </li></ul><ul><li>Bologna reforms in place by 2010 </li></ul><u...
The Bologna process <ul><li>Intergovernmental process in higher education </li></ul><ul><li>Aim: to create a  European Are...
The Bologna process  <ul><li>System of easily readable and comparable  degrees </li></ul><ul><li>System with  three cycles...
<ul><li>Reforms are needed  to allow universities to play their full role in contributing to the social and economic devel...
Tempus –  Modernisation in Higher Education Thanks a lot for your attention…!
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Modernising Higher Education Philippe Ruffio

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Modernising Higher Education Philippe Ruffio

  1. 1. Tempus – Modernisation in Higher Education Philippe Ruffio – Unit A5 Modernising Higher Education: challenges and approaches Tempus Seminar for Higher Education experts, Brussels 14-15 April 2008
  2. 2. <ul><li>Key drivers of the HE evolution </li></ul><ul><li>The challenges for HE reform </li></ul><ul><li>Europe in move </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The European approach </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The Modernisation agenda </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The Bologna process </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Concluding remarks </li></ul>Outline
  3. 3. <ul><li>4 key drivers: </li></ul><ul><li>Demographic changes </li></ul><ul><li>Global competition </li></ul><ul><li>Changes in science and technology </li></ul><ul><li>Societal challenges </li></ul>The HE evolution key drivers
  4. 4. <ul><li>Number of people potentially having access to HE </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Impact on the size and scope of the HE systems </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Age structure </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Impact on the training needs of pop. and willingness / capacity to invest in education </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Migration flows </li></ul><ul><li>Educ. = leverage for integration, for offering new opportunities for mobile people, to prepare native people to leave in open and multicultural societies </li></ul>Key drivers – demographic changes
  5. 5. <ul><li>Challenges in Europe: </li></ul><ul><li>Ageing society and need for social cohesion </li></ul><ul><li>Attract more young people in HE (% age cohort) </li></ul><ul><li>Offer training opportunities for older people (low skilled) (LLL) </li></ul><ul><li>Attract talented and skilled people from 3C </li></ul><ul><li>Retain high skilled workers (brain drain to US and emerging economies) </li></ul><ul><li>Integrate the increasing number of immigrants </li></ul>Key drivers – demographic changes
  6. 6. <ul><li>A considerable shift in the distribution of the economic powers in the world </li></ul><ul><li>Companies and investments are moving to new areas </li></ul><ul><li>New opportunities for growth and jobs </li></ul><ul><li>New threats in particular because of impact on labour market (quantitative and qualitative terms) </li></ul>Key drivers – global competition
  7. 7. <ul><li>Challenges in Europe: </li></ul><ul><li>Europe is poor in raw material and labour (in relative terms) </li></ul><ul><li>Strategy to develop comparative advantages on the basis of high value added products and services (capital and knowledge intensive goods) </li></ul><ul><li>Exploit the potential of innovation and of the Knowledge society (Lisbon strategy) </li></ul>Key drivers – global competition
  8. 8. <ul><li>Impact on HE: </li></ul><ul><li>HE has to contribute to the competitiveness of the economies (HE is recognised as a major player) </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Generate new knowledge and technologies </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Increase the number of scientifically and technically educated people </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Improve the connection between educ & labour market (mobility, adaptability) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Contribute to LLL to improve the skills and competences of the work force </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Improve the cooperation capacity of the work force (intercultural & language education) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>HE is becoming a field of competition itself </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Internally, Europe itself is already becoming an arena for competition and is promoting an open area for mobility but beyond… </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Debate on liberalisation of education services (WTO negotiations in 90s) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Liberalisation is achieved for “privately financed education” </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Marginal part of education is concerned but potential impact on activities such as: distance learning, mobility of people, off-shore campuses… </li></ul></ul></ul>Key drivers – global competition
  9. 9. <ul><li>Shorter and quicker technology life cycles </li></ul><ul><li>Increasing exchanges among disciplines and sectors </li></ul><ul><li>Expansion of digital technologies </li></ul><ul><li>Diversification and increasing number of information sources </li></ul><ul><li>Emergence of new S&T challenges </li></ul><ul><li>From technological innovation … to organisational and societal innovation </li></ul><ul><li>From industry … to service sector </li></ul><ul><li>Shift to a new paradigm of innovation in the post-industrial society </li></ul>Key drivers – changes in S&T
  10. 10. <ul><li>Impact on HE: …. new focus and priorities…. </li></ul><ul><li>basic and transversal skills </li></ul><ul><li>encourage creativity, research and innovation skills </li></ul><ul><li>transdisciplinarity and systemic approaches </li></ul><ul><li>entrepreneurship </li></ul><ul><li>critical mind </li></ul><ul><li>adaptability and flexibility </li></ul>Key drivers – changes in S&T
  11. 11. <ul><li>World is confronted to increasing complex challenges </li></ul><ul><li>Prominent topics for the decades to come, among others: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>global warming and energy issue </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>food and poverty </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>security and stability (terrorism and political tensions at global level) </li></ul></ul>Key drivers – societal challenges
  12. 12. <ul><li>Impact on HE: </li></ul><ul><li>Contribute to innovation (including social innovation) </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Imagine new ways of doing things </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Improve efficiency of existing technologies </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Educate people and help them to adapt to new labour requirements (LLL) </li></ul><ul><li>Contribute to social cohesion, respectful relationships with other cultures and religions, development of common values and human rights </li></ul>Key drivers – societal challenges
  13. 13. <ul><li>All the aspects analysed before are mutually overlapping </li></ul><ul><li>In brief, 3 main challenges: </li></ul><ul><li>create a framework to enable the modernisation of HE </li></ul><ul><ul><li>4 main issues in the EU context: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>excess of public control on universities </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>fragmentation of HE </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>lack of funding </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>incentive mechanisms to stimulate and reward competition, innovation, risk taking, etc. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>develop ambitious development strategies for HE institutions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>3 main objectives in the EU context: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>more excellent universities needed – more differenciation </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>more flexibility in terms of structural organisation, management and human resource </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>better integration of the knowledge triangle </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>adapt and redefine the content of the curricula </li></ul>The challenges for HE reforms
  14. 14. <ul><li>Shared consensus in Europe about the analysis and the main priorities </li></ul><ul><li>HE and Research have never been so high in the EU agenda (Lisbon strategy) </li></ul><ul><li>Most of the MS have launched ambitious reform programmes </li></ul><ul><li>A common approach and common priorities have been defined: the “Modernisation agenda”. </li></ul><ul><li>The European Commission has no direct power – Education is not a “common policy” (content & organisation of education is under the sole responsibility of MS) </li></ul><ul><li>The EC has a catalytic role: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Promote policy dialogue and exchange of practices </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Support financially projects and initiatives </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Encourage the development of new tools and approaches </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>The European approach
  15. 15. <ul><li>The Modernisation agenda for universities includes 3 big reforms: </li></ul><ul><li>Governance Reform </li></ul><ul><li>Funding reform </li></ul><ul><li>Bologna / Curricular Reform </li></ul><ul><li>Part of an integrated framework action plan, the Education and Training 2010 work programme </li></ul><ul><li>Within the broad Lisbon strategy for Growth and Jobs (Knowledge Society by 2010) </li></ul>The modernisation agenda for HE
  16. 16. The modernisation agenda for HE <ul><li>Governance Reform </li></ul><ul><li>A new deal between governments and HEI </li></ul><ul><li>State guidance of HE sector as a whole (no micromanagement / overregulation) </li></ul><ul><li>Institutional autonomy and full accountability </li></ul><ul><li>Strategic priorities to be set by institution </li></ul><ul><li>Professional management of resources </li></ul><ul><li>Building and rewarding of management and leadership </li></ul><ul><li>Appropriate working environment for students & staff (flexible, attractiv, rewarding) </li></ul><ul><li>Partnerships between Univ. and business </li></ul>
  17. 17. The modernisation agenda for HE <ul><li>Funding reform </li></ul><ul><li>2% of GDP to modernised HE sector </li></ul><ul><li>Output financing / appropriate funding mix </li></ul><ul><li>Diversification of research funding portfolio </li></ul><ul><li>More income from private sources </li></ul><ul><li>Tuition fees an option, only if accompanied by grants/loans </li></ul><ul><li>Increasing access = increasing income </li></ul>
  18. 18. The modernisation agenda for HE <ul><li>Curricular Reforms </li></ul><ul><li>Bologna reforms in place by 2010 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>3 cycle system </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Modernised curricula </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Trustworthy QA </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Increase the level of mobility of students and researchers </li></ul><ul><li>Speed up academic recognition </li></ul><ul><li>learning outcome approach (EQF) </li></ul><ul><li>Optimize regulatory framework for university-enterprise cooperation </li></ul><ul><li>Develop generic skills and entrepreneurial mindset </li></ul><ul><li>Reinforce links with society </li></ul>
  19. 19. The Bologna process <ul><li>Intergovernmental process in higher education </li></ul><ul><li>Aim: to create a European Area of Higher Education by 2010 </li></ul><ul><li>Focus on curricular reform </li></ul><ul><li>Based on the experience of the EU in terms of University cooperation </li></ul><ul><li>Began in Sorbonne in 1998 (DE, FR, IT + UK) </li></ul><ul><li>Bologna Declaration in 1999: 29 countries joined </li></ul><ul><li>Now encompasses 46 countries </li></ul>
  20. 20. The Bologna process <ul><li>System of easily readable and comparable degrees </li></ul><ul><li>System with three cycles (undergraduate/graduate/postgraduate) </li></ul><ul><li>System of credits ( ECTS ) (transfert & accumulation) </li></ul><ul><li>Diploma supplement (DS) (joint UNESCO/Council of Europe/ EC initiative) </li></ul><ul><li>Promote mobility by overcoming obstacles (incl. pension arrangements, incentives for joint degrees) </li></ul><ul><li>European co-operation in quality assurance (comparable methods and criteria, Eur. standards & guidelines, Eur. register for QA agencies) </li></ul><ul><li>Promote European dimensions in higher education </li></ul>
  21. 21. <ul><li>Reforms are needed to allow universities to play their full role in contributing to the social and economic development of our countries </li></ul><ul><li>Despite the great variety of local situations major trends are common and priorities are very similar </li></ul><ul><li>A long way ahead of us. Beyond organisations and structures, it is a matter of changing minds and individual behaviors </li></ul><ul><li>Countries and systems have their own internal logics and coherences. Each country may find its own solutions because education is embedded in society. Education is a social reality. </li></ul>Conclusive remarks
  22. 22. Tempus – Modernisation in Higher Education Thanks a lot for your attention…!

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