The European Qualifications Framework for lifelong learning Kick-off training seminar for Bologna experts  Madrid 30 June ...
<ul><li>EQF – the political process </li></ul><ul><li>22 April 2008; Formal signing of the EQF Recommendation by the Presi...
<ul><li>What is EQF about? </li></ul><ul><li>The EQF is a translation grid for  all  qualifications  </li></ul><ul><li>thr...
<ul><li>An overarching, meta-framework </li></ul><ul><li>EQF encompasses general, vocational and higher education and trai...
<ul><li>Learning outcomes  </li></ul><ul><li>-  what a learner knows, understands or is able to do at the end of a learnin...
<ul><li>Learning outcomes;  </li></ul><ul><li>knowledge, skills and competence </li></ul><ul><li>The 8 EQF-levels distingu...
<ul><li>EQF and the shift to learning outcomes </li></ul><ul><li>EQF challenges countries to use learning outcomes when de...
<ul><li>The relationship between  </li></ul><ul><li>EQF and EHEA </li></ul><ul><li>There’s a  correspondence  between the ...
<ul><li>The relationship between  </li></ul><ul><li>EQF and EHEA </li></ul><ul><li>The EQF is different from the EHEA  by ...
<ul><li>The relationship between  vocational and higher education and training </li></ul><ul><li>EQF provides an opportuni...
<ul><li>Towards National Qualifications Frameworks </li></ul><ul><li>The EQF acts as a catalyst for the reform of national...
<ul><li>Towards  overarching  National Qualifications Frameworks  </li></ul><ul><li>(situation spring 2008) </li></ul><ul>...
 
<ul><li>EQF and the individual citizen </li></ul><ul><li>An opportunity to develop more user oriented qualifications syste...
<ul><li>Conclusions </li></ul><ul><li>EQF is not about standardisation, it is about </li></ul><ul><li>creating a common re...
<ul><li>EQF –  </li></ul><ul><li>opportunities and challenges </li></ul><ul><li>An opportunity: EQF is an instrument facil...
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The European Qualifications Framework for lifelong learning, Jens Bjornaveld

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The European Qualifications Framework for lifelong learning, Jens Bjornaveld

  1. 1. The European Qualifications Framework for lifelong learning Kick-off training seminar for Bologna experts Madrid 30 June 2008 Jens Bjornavold
  2. 2. <ul><li>EQF – the political process </li></ul><ul><li>22 April 2008; Formal signing of the EQF Recommendation by the Presidents of the European Parliament and the European Council </li></ul><ul><li>2010; Countries invited to refer national qualifications levels to the EQF by 2010 </li></ul><ul><li>2010; Countries invited to introduce reference to EQF in certificates and diplomas by 2012 </li></ul><ul><li>EQF is based on a Recommendation- therefore a voluntary process </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>What is EQF about? </li></ul><ul><li>The EQF is a translation grid for all qualifications </li></ul><ul><li>throughout Europe </li></ul><ul><li>EQF supports cross-border mobility by simplifying comparison of the content and profile of qualifications </li></ul><ul><li>EQF facilitates lifelong learning; enables linking and combination of qualifications from different institutions and sub-systems </li></ul><ul><li>Responds to the increasing diversity of qualifications in Europe </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>An overarching, meta-framework </li></ul><ul><li>EQF encompasses general, vocational and higher education and training </li></ul><ul><li>Covers the entire span of qualifications from end of compulsory school to highest level of professional and academic qualifications </li></ul><ul><li>the overarching character is critical to address progression between (for example) Vocational and academic education and training, initial and continuing training </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>Learning outcomes </li></ul><ul><li>- what a learner knows, understands or is able to do at the end of a learning process </li></ul><ul><li>Supports better matching between education and training </li></ul><ul><li>provisions and labour market needs </li></ul><ul><li>Facilitates validation of non-formal and informal learning </li></ul><ul><li>Increases transparency of qualifications </li></ul><ul><li>The shift to learning outcomes </li></ul><ul><li>a pre-condition for EQF </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>Learning outcomes; </li></ul><ul><li>knowledge, skills and competence </li></ul><ul><li>The 8 EQF-levels distinguished by </li></ul><ul><li>the complexity and depth of knowledge and </li></ul><ul><li>understanding </li></ul><ul><li>the degree of necessary support or instruction </li></ul><ul><li>the degree of integration and independence required </li></ul><ul><li>the range and complexity of practise/application </li></ul><ul><li>the degree of transparency and dynamics of situations </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>EQF and the shift to learning outcomes </li></ul><ul><li>EQF challenges countries to use learning outcomes when defining and describing qualifications; </li></ul><ul><li>EQF introduces a common language for comparing </li></ul><ul><li>qualifications. </li></ul><ul><li>A challenge; </li></ul><ul><li>A danger that countries will apply the learning outcomes </li></ul><ul><li>perspective in a non-coherent way; </li></ul><ul><li>How can the application of learning </li></ul><ul><li>outcomes be trusted? </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>The relationship between </li></ul><ul><li>EQF and EHEA </li></ul><ul><li>There’s a correspondence between the level descriptors of the short, first, second and third Bologna cycles with EQF levels 5-8; </li></ul><ul><li>There’s an ongoing work, through the EQF Advisory Group, to make sure that the criteria for self-certification within EHEA and EQF as far as possible corresponds ; </li></ul><ul><li>A range of EQF test and pilot projects have started, several looking into the relationship EHEA-EQF; </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>The relationship between </li></ul><ul><li>EQF and EHEA </li></ul><ul><li>The EQF is different from the EHEA by addressing a broader field and emphasising the overall coherence of qualifications systems (general, vocational and academic qualifications) </li></ul><ul><li>The EQF does not aim at a common structure of education and training – contrary to Bologna; </li></ul><ul><li>The EQF does not ask for structural changes at national level </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>The relationship between vocational and higher education and training </li></ul><ul><li>EQF provides an opportunity to clarify </li></ul><ul><li>how one sub-system of education and training relates to other parts of education and training (VET-HE); </li></ul><ul><li>how the role of sub-systems is changing; </li></ul><ul><li>how EQF can be seen as an opportunity to further </li></ul><ul><li>develop qualifications. </li></ul><ul><li>A challenge, </li></ul><ul><li>Should universities have a monopoly of levels 6-8? </li></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>Towards National Qualifications Frameworks </li></ul><ul><li>The EQF acts as a catalyst for the reform of national qualifications systems </li></ul><ul><li>The big majority of EU countries are now developing overarching NQFs – covering all levels of qualifications - in response to the EQF </li></ul><ul><li>Illustrates that EQF is seen as relevant </li></ul>
  12. 12. <ul><li>Towards overarching National Qualifications Frameworks </li></ul><ul><li>(situation spring 2008) </li></ul><ul><li>Having developed NQFs: France, Ireland, Malta, UK </li></ul><ul><li>Are developing NQF: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Czech republic, Germany, Denmark, Estonia, Spain, Finland, Hungary, Italy, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Latvia, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovenia, </li></ul><ul><li>Slovakia, Turkey </li></ul><ul><li>Are considering NQFs: Greece, Iceland, Norway, Sweden </li></ul>
  13. 14. <ul><li>EQF and the individual citizen </li></ul><ul><li>An opportunity to develop more user oriented qualifications systems </li></ul><ul><li>by focussing on learning outcomes </li></ul><ul><li>by opening up towards validation of prior learning </li></ul><ul><li>by clarifying learning pathways </li></ul><ul><li>A challenge as </li></ul><ul><li>institutions and sectors create barriers to learning by emphasising their own exclusivity </li></ul>
  14. 15. <ul><li>Conclusions </li></ul><ul><li>EQF is not about standardisation, it is about </li></ul><ul><li>creating a common reference point; </li></ul><ul><li>a common language able to bridge the </li></ul><ul><li>increasing diversity of qualifications in Europe </li></ul><ul><li>a common framework making co-operation possible, </li></ul><ul><li>an instrument to avoid fragmentation </li></ul>
  15. 16. <ul><li>EQF – </li></ul><ul><li>opportunities and challenges </li></ul><ul><li>An opportunity: EQF is an instrument facilitating European cooperation and national reform </li></ul><ul><li>A challenge: EQF will change nothing without active participation and strong commitment from all stakeholders </li></ul><ul><li>We need to make explicit main </li></ul><ul><li>opportunities and </li></ul><ul><li>challenges </li></ul>

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