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4.Joint Degrees


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4.Joint Degrees

  1. 1. Joint degrees in Europe Bologna Promoters’ Presentation Material (to be adapted as needed)
  2. 2. <ul><li>Development of Joint Degrees over the past 20 years </li></ul><ul><li>Additional stimulus with Erasmus Mundus </li></ul><ul><li>Recognition issues </li></ul><ul><li>Features of Joint Programmes </li></ul><ul><li>Quality Assurance of Joint Programmes </li></ul><ul><li>Funding of Joint Programmes </li></ul><ul><li>Social Dimension of Joint Programmes </li></ul><ul><li>Prospects for Joint Programmes </li></ul>Content of the Presentation 3
  3. 3. <ul><li>Joint programmes have been promoted for over 20 years in Europe, but with Bologna process, a new energy & enthusiasm has developed </li></ul><ul><li>For HEIs, joint programmes offer: </li></ul><ul><li>-> European dimension in action </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Concrete inter-university cooperation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Potential to learn from others </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Experience of diversity, not just for students but also for staff and institutions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>-> Value-added for students, institutions, national and European labour markets </li></ul></ul>Development of Joint Degrees over past 20 years 3
  4. 4. <ul><li>2003: new Commission programme to promote European higher education and to showcase excellent “European Joint Master programmes” </li></ul><ul><li>2004: first set of 20 Erasmus Mundus master programmes established </li></ul><ul><li>2007: 80 Erasmus Mundus programmes </li></ul><ul><li>Diversity of innovative programmes in all disciplines and inter-disciplinary areas </li></ul>Additional stimulus with launch of Erasmus Mundus 3
  5. 5. <ul><li>With development in numbers of joint programmes since Bologna, legal recognition obstacles have come to light </li></ul><ul><li>Institutions have adopted interim solutions: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Most common: one national degree + joint certificate </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Also, double degrees & multiple degrees </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reliance on labour market recognition of added value </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Action at European level – Recommendation on recognition of joint degrees (addition to Lisbon Recognition Convention) adopted in June 2004 </li></ul><ul><li>National legislation also changing to accommodate joint degrees, particularly since the launch of Erasmus Mundus… </li></ul>Recognition issues 3
  6. 6. <ul><li>Larger number of joint programmes in the second cycle than in first and third cycles (Trends V, 2007) </li></ul><ul><li>Great variety of network and programme structures </li></ul><ul><li>No single model, & no reason to limit models </li></ul><ul><li>However, innovative structures and models should not be developed at cost of recognition </li></ul><ul><li>Many practical difficulties from different national interpretations of the three cycles </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of information regarding number of programmes, and number of students and academics involved </li></ul>Features of Joint Programmes (1) 3
  7. 7. <ul><li>Challenges to institutions from very basic issues, eg: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Academic calendar </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Short-term accommodation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Clear information </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Common understanding of admission requirements & procedures </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Visa requirements </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Time for curriculum planning and development across institutions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Administrative time </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Language skills </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Family commitments of (mobile) staff </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Etc. </li></ul></ul>Features of Joint Programmes (2) 3
  8. 8. <ul><li>Challenges to internal and external QA: </li></ul><ul><li>Internal QA : </li></ul><ul><li>Who is responsible? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Often weak anchoring of joint programmes within their institution </li></ul></ul><ul><li>External QA: </li></ul><ul><li>Who is responsible? </li></ul><ul><li>Common practice to satisfy one national system – but is this sufficient? </li></ul>Quality Assurance of Joint Programmes 3
  9. 9. <ul><li>Costs of joint programmes are higher than for single institution programmes </li></ul><ul><li>Options to fund programmes? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Europe - because hopefully European labour market benefits from such European programmes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>National governments – as part of national strategy towards European & international development </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Institutions - as part of their strategic development priorities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Students - required to fund additional costs through (higher) fees </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Legitimate question for funders: Is the potential added value of a joint programme worth the investment? </li></ul>Funding of Joint Programmes 3
  10. 10. <ul><li>Most joint programmes currently target an élite group of students: need to think seriously about equal opportunities policy within & between countries </li></ul><ul><li>Institutions in widely differing socio-economic contexts (EU15/27 – Bologna 45) -> difficulties of equal partnership. How to avoid a two-tier Europe of joint degrees? </li></ul><ul><li>Programmes operate within diverse national funding frameworks – institutional funding / tuition fees / portability of grants & loans </li></ul><ul><li>Challenge of fair policy and treatment of students </li></ul>Social Dimension of Joint Programmes 3
  11. 11. <ul><li>Joint programmes are having an impact on institutional learning – practical experience of working with other institutions in other environments </li></ul><ul><li>Facing problems together brings awareness of issues that need to be addressed to create a European Higher Education Area –> catalyst effect </li></ul><ul><li>More innovation can be predicted: virtual mobility, distance learning joint programmes, new forms of inter-institutional cooperation, coping with demographic challenges.. </li></ul><ul><li>Other latent effects of working together are likely to be positive: strengthening research networks, inter-institutional cooperation, solidarity, sharing experience on curriculum (reform), etc. </li></ul>Prospects for Joint Programmes 3