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Shifting the Narrative on Development in
Youth of Color:
Noni Gaylord-Harden, Loyola University Chicago
5th AnnualYouth-Ne...
 MATTER
 “worthy of attention”
 What are the normative developmental
experiences ofYOC?
 Ayman-Nolley &Taira (2000)
 WhiteYouth  “Family”
 YOC  “Ri...
 Leads toYOC being
 overdiagnosed with “socially disruptive”
psychiatric disorders (Mizock & Harkins, 2011; Schwartz &
F...
 YOC are problematic and threatening
 Perception of BOC as superpredators (Jennings, 2014).
 Black boys perceived as ol...
 Purpose
 To identify profiles of
community violence
exposure in African
American youth
 241 African American 6th
– 8th...
0
0.2
0.4
0.6
0.8
1
1.2
You saw someone
commit a crime
(e.g., stealing,
selling drugs, etc.)
in your
neighborhood.
You hea...
 Purpose:
 to identify profiles of
community victimization
and aggressive behavior
in AfricanAmerican male
adolescents
...
-1
-0.5
0
0.5
1
1.5
2
2.5
3
Non Aggressive Non-
Victims
Aggressive Victims
Aggressive Non-
Victims
 Purpose:
 examine interrelationships
among community violence,
protective factors, and
mental health
 504 predominantl...
Journal of Research on Adolescence
Volume 24, Issue 3, pages 512-525, 16 AUG 2014 DOI: 10.1111/jora.12129
http://onlinelib...
 What are the normative developmental
experiences forYOC?
 Adaptive functioning is a common experience
forYOC
 Lack of ...
 PYD = alignment between youth strengths
and environmental resources (families,
school, communities) (Lerner et al., 2009...
 Role of cultural assets forYOC
 Familism values predicts PYD in Mexican youth
(Knight & Carlo, 2012).
 Engaging Americ...
 What is the importance of identifying
culturally specific assets forYOC?
 Narrow the knowledge gap on variability in th...
 PYD research needed to
 provide a more balanced and holistic perspective
ofYOC.
 Highlight number ofYOC to help us und...
Noni K. Gaylord-Harden, Ph.D. - “Shifting the Narrative on Development in Youth of Color: The Case for a Positive Youth De...
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Noni K. Gaylord-Harden, Ph.D. - “Shifting the Narrative on Development in Youth of Color: The Case for a Positive Youth Development Perspective”

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Noni K. Gaylord-Harden - Associate Professor of Psychology, Loyola University Chicago

Part of the Youth-Nex Conference: Youth of Color Matter: Reducing Inequalities Through Positive Youth Development #YoCM15

Panel 1 - "Culturally-Grounded Approaches to Positive Youth Development"
Cultural beliefs, traditions, and pride can play an integral role in promoting positive development for youth from ethnic minority backgrounds. In this panel, we will hear about connections between cultural values and healthy development for American Indian youth, culturally-linked coping strategies among African American teens, and the benefits of emphasizing cultural pride in natural mentoring relationships.

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Noni K. Gaylord-Harden, Ph.D. - “Shifting the Narrative on Development in Youth of Color: The Case for a Positive Youth Development Perspective”

  1. 1. Shifting the Narrative on Development in Youth of Color: Noni Gaylord-Harden, Loyola University Chicago 5th AnnualYouth-Nex Conference 2015
  2. 2.  MATTER  “worthy of attention”
  3. 3.  What are the normative developmental experiences ofYOC?  Ayman-Nolley &Taira (2000)  WhiteYouth  “Family”  YOC  “Risk-taking Behavior”  Development of YOC framed in deficit-based models (GarcíaColl et al., 1996; McLoyd & Randolph, 1985;Tucker & Herman, 2002).  “pathologizing” and “idealizing”
  4. 4.  Leads toYOC being  overdiagnosed with “socially disruptive” psychiatric disorders (Mizock & Harkins, 2011; Schwartz & Feisthamel, 2009)  disproportionately suspended and expelled from schools (Fenning & Rose, 2007; Reynolds et al., 2008)  overrepresented in the juvenile justice system (Steinberg, 2009)
  5. 5.  YOC are problematic and threatening  Perception of BOC as superpredators (Jennings, 2014).  Black boys perceived as older and less innocent by police officers (Goff et al., 2014)  Latino males perceived as threats to national security and American values (Chavez, 2013; Fujioka, 2011)
  6. 6.  Purpose  To identify profiles of community violence exposure in African American youth  241 African American 6th – 8th graders  mean age = 12.86
  7. 7. 0 0.2 0.4 0.6 0.8 1 1.2 You saw someone commit a crime (e.g., stealing, selling drugs, etc.) in your neighborhood. You heard gunshots fired at your school or in your neighborhood. You saw someone carrying a weapon. You saw someone being threatened with a knife or gun. Someone close to you was threatened with a knife or gun. Someone close to you was shot or attacked. You were physically attacked by someone not in your family. You were threatened with a knife or gun. Someone stole something valuable from you (more than $5). High Exposure Victimization Low Exposure ProbabilityofEndorsingItems
  8. 8.  Purpose:  to identify profiles of community victimization and aggressive behavior in AfricanAmerican male adolescents  223 African American male adolescents  Mean age = 15.15 8
  9. 9. -1 -0.5 0 0.5 1 1.5 2 2.5 3 Non Aggressive Non- Victims Aggressive Victims Aggressive Non- Victims
  10. 10.  Purpose:  examine interrelationships among community violence, protective factors, and mental health  504 predominantly African American adolescents  77% of the sample  moderate levels of risk  high levels of protection
  11. 11. Journal of Research on Adolescence Volume 24, Issue 3, pages 512-525, 16 AUG 2014 DOI: 10.1111/jora.12129 http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/jora.12129/full#jora12129-fig-0003
  12. 12.  What are the normative developmental experiences forYOC?  Adaptive functioning is a common experience forYOC  Lack of focus on positive functioning is allowing biases to prevail.  Burgeoning body of research
  13. 13.  PYD = alignment between youth strengths and environmental resources (families, school, communities) (Lerner et al., 2009)  Assets are embedded in the families and communities that socialize these youth
  14. 14.  Role of cultural assets forYOC  Familism values predicts PYD in Mexican youth (Knight & Carlo, 2012).  Engaging American Indian youth in Native cultural practices and worldviews promotes PYD (Kenyon & Hanson, 2012).  Parents’ racial socialization efforts promotes PYD in African American youth (Evans et al., 2012).  Ethnic identity promotes PYD in African American and Latino youth (Williams et al., 2014)
  15. 15.  What is the importance of identifying culturally specific assets forYOC?  Narrow the knowledge gap on variability in the experiences ofYOC  Guide the development of contextually- and culturally-relevant interventions
  16. 16.  PYD research needed to  provide a more balanced and holistic perspective ofYOC.  Highlight number ofYOC to help us understand how to expand the numbers of theseYOC who thrive.

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