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  1. 1. What is Personality? “ The some total of ways in which an individual reacts and interacts with others”
  2. 2. Personality Determinants Heredity Environment Situation
  3. 3. Personality Traits “Enduring characteristics that describe an individual’s behavior”
  4. 4. Sixteen Primary Traits Reserved  Outgoing Less intelligent  More intelligent Tough minded  Sensitive Uncontrolled  Controlled Relaxed  Tense Practical  Imaginative Serious  Happy-go-lucky Conservative  experimenting
  5. 5. The Big Five Personality Model Extraversion Agreeableness Conscientiousness Emotional stability Openness to experience
  6. 6. Extraversion A personality dimension describing someone who is sociable, gregarious, and assertive
  7. 7. Agreeableness A personality dimension that describe someone who is good-natured, cooperative, and trusting.
  8. 8. Conscientiousness A personality dimension that describe someone who is responsible, dependable, persistent, and organized.
  9. 9. Emotional stability A personality dimension that characterizes someone as calm, self- confident, secure (positive) verses nervous, depressed, and insecure (negative).
  10. 10. Openness to experience A personality dimension that characterizes someone in terms of imaginativeness, artistic, sensitivity, and intellectualism.
  11. 11. Mayers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBIT) A personality test that taps four characteristics and classified people into one of 16 personality types. Extraversion/ Introversion (E or I) Sensing/ Intuiting (S or N) Thinking/ Feeling (T or F) Judging/ Perceiving (J-P)
  12. 12. Major Personality attributes influencing O.B Locus of control (Internal/ external) Self-esteem Self-monitoring Risk-taking Person-situation interaction
  13. 13. Locus of control The degree to which people believe that they are masters of their own fate. Internals: Individual who believe that they control what happens to them. Externals: Individual who believe that what happens to them is controlled by outside forces such as luck or chance.
  14. 14.  Self-esteem: Individuals’ degree of liking or disliking of themselves. Self-monitoring: A personality trait that measures an individual’s ability to adjust his or her behavior to external, situational factors.
  15. 15. Types of personality Type A personality Type B personality
  16. 16. The personality-job fit theory Identifies six personality types and proposes that the fit between personality type occupational environment determines satisfaction and turnover.
  17. 17. Holland’s Typology of personality and congruent occupations Realistic Investigative Social Conventional Enterprising Artistic