When settlers attack final

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When Settlers Attack is a presentation on Israeli Settler violence against Palestinian Civilians in the West Bank.

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When settlers attack final

  1. 1. When Settlers Attack<br />Understanding Settler Violence against Palestine's Civilians<br />Yousef Munayyer<br />Executive DirectorPalestine Center<br />
  2. 2. Data<br />Over 1000 unique events<br />Covers Jan. 1, 2009-Aug. 30, 2010<br />Coded from PLO NSU daily reports<br />Extracted information includes Date, Village, Attack type, Settlement, Casualties and other details.<br />Special Thanks to Mikki O'Leary, Sana Saeed, Katharine Forman and Elise Springuel<br />The Palestine Center<br />
  3. 3. Seeking to Understand…<br />Who is attacking? <br />What types of attacks are taking place? <br />How does this vary over space and time?<br />Who is being attacked? <br />What can be done about it?<br />The Palestine Center<br />
  4. 4. Who is attacking?<br />Settlers from two-thirds of settlements in the West Bank.<br />Different types of settlements - Religious, Orthodox, Secular and Mixed - to varying degrees.<br />Of the 1000+ events, we know the settlement of origin for 279 incidents. <br />The Palestine Center<br />
  5. 5. The Most Dangerous Settlements<br />*These 7 settlements alone account for 50% of all attacks where settlement of origin is known.<br />The Palestine Center<br />
  6. 6. Attacks By Settlement Character<br />The Palestine Center<br />
  7. 7. What types of events?<br />Event types range from personal attacks, to attacks on property, to raids, arson, attempted attacks and trespassing. <br />The Palestine Center<br />
  8. 8. Event Types Explained<br /><ul><li>Trespassing - crossing into non-Settlement Palestinian lands. Settlement of origin is known in only 8% of these cases. </li></ul>The Palestine Center<br />
  9. 9. Event Types Explained<br /><ul><li>Stone Throwing - Throwing stones at civilians, cars or property</li></ul>The Palestine Center<br />
  10. 10. Event Types Explained<br /><ul><li>Assault - Person to Person physical attacks</li></ul>The Palestine Center<br />
  11. 11. Event Types Explained<br /><ul><li>Destruction of Property - Damage to homes, vandalism, cars, olive trees.</li></ul>The Palestine Center<br />
  12. 12. Event Types Explained<br /><ul><li>Arson - setting fire to farm land, groves or structures.</li></ul>The Palestine Center<br />
  13. 13. Other Event Types<br />Top 5 make up nearly 70% of the events.<br />Other 30% is split between: <br />Abduction <br />Harassment<br />Land/House Seizure <br />Open Fire (Shooting) <br />Raids<br />Theft <br />Vehicular Assault<br />The Palestine Center<br />
  14. 14. Events by Administrative Area<br />The Palestine Center<br />
  15. 15. Events by Administrative Area<br />The Oslo Accords created the division of authority over territory in the West Bank into Areas A, B and C.<br />Area A - Palestinian Security Control (Subject to Israel Security) <br />Area B - Palestinian Civil Control, Israeli Security Control<br />Area C - Full Israel Security Control. All Settlements located here.<br />The Palestine Center<br />
  16. 16. Events by Administrative Area<br />The Palestine Center<br />
  17. 17. West Bank Governorates<br />The Palestine Center<br />
  18. 18. Event By Governorate <br />The Palestine Center<br />
  19. 19. Event By Governorate <br />The Palestine Center<br />
  20. 20. Event By Governorate <br />The Palestine Center<br />
  21. 21. Event By Governorate <br />The Palestine Center<br />
  22. 22. Event By Governorate <br />The Palestine Center<br />
  23. 23. Event By Governorate <br />The Palestine Center<br />
  24. 24. Vulnerable Targets<br />The Palestine Center<br />
  25. 25. Vulnerable Targets<br />BeitSahhur<br />Number of Attacks: 13<br />Area: A,C<br />Governorate: Bethlehem<br />Source of Attacks: Outpost of UshGharb<br />Notable Methods of Violence: Trespassing, Raids, Destruction of Property<br />The Palestine Center<br />
  26. 26. Vulnerable Targets<br />Burin<br />Number of Attacks: 40<br />Area: B<br />Governorate: Nablus<br />Source of Attacks: Bracha, Yitzhar Settlements<br />Notable Methods of Violence: Arson, Stone Throwing, Destruction of Property<br />The Palestine Center<br />
  27. 27. Vulnerable Targets<br />Halhul<br />Number of Attacks: 10<br />Area: B<br />Governorate: Hebron<br />Source of Attacks: KarmeiTzur Settlement<br />Notable Methods of Violence: Assault, Vehicular Assualt<br />The Palestine Center<br />
  28. 28. Vulnerable Targets<br />Homesh Area<br />Number of Attacks: 20<br />Area: C<br />Governorate: Nablus<br />Source of Attacks: Evacuated Settlement of Homesh<br />Notable Methods of Violence: Assault, Stone Throwing<br />The Palestine Center<br />
  29. 29. Vulnerable Targets<br />Huwwara<br />Number of Attacks: 17<br />Area: B,C<br />Governorate: Nablus<br />Source of Attacks: Settlements of Yitzhar and Bracha<br />Notable Methods of Violence: Assault, Stone Throwing<br />The Palestine Center<br />
  30. 30. Vulnerable Targets<br />Immatin<br />Number of Attacks: 12<br />Area: B<br />Governorate: Qalqilya<br />Source of Attacks: Evacuated Settlement of HavatGilad<br />Notable Methods of Violence: Arson, Assault, Stone Throwing<br />The Palestine Center<br />
  31. 31. Vulnerable Targets<br />Iraq Burin<br />Number of Attacks: 26<br />Area: B<br />Governorate: Nablus<br />Source of Attacks: Settlements of Bracha and Yizthar<br />Notable Methods of Violence: Arson, Assault, Stone Throwing<br />The Palestine Center<br />
  32. 32. Vulnerable Targets<br />Jit<br />Number of Attacks: 20<br />Area: C<br />Governorate: Qalqilya<br />Source of Attacks: Evacuated Outpost of HivatGilad<br />Notable Methods of Violence: Arson, Stone Throwing<br />The Palestine Center<br />
  33. 33. Vulnerable Targets<br />Khirbet Safa<br />Number of Attacks: 21<br />Area: B,C<br />Governorate: Hebron<br />Source of Attacks: Bat Ayin<br />Notable Methods of Violence: Arson, Open Fire<br />The Palestine Center<br />
  34. 34. Vulnerable Targets<br />Qaryut<br />Number of Attacks: 10<br />Area: B,C<br />Governorate: Nablus<br />Source of Attacks: Settlements of Eli and Shilo<br />Notable Methods of Violence: Arson, Assault, Destruction of Property<br />The Palestine Center<br />
  35. 35. Main Roads Between Nablus,Qalqilya & Salfit<br />20<br />11<br />5<br />26<br />3<br />12<br />43<br />3<br />4<br />23<br />8<br />6<br />5<br />8<br />1<br />5<br />5<br />7<br />2<br />3<br />The Palestine Center<br />
  36. 36. A Shift North?<br />In 2008 UN OCHA documented that 42% of all events happened in the Hebron Governorate, 21% in Nablus and 11% in Qalqilya.<br />In 2009 numbers show 29% in Hebron, 22% in Nablus and 11% in Qalqilya.<br />The Palestine Center<br />
  37. 37. A Shift North?<br />2010 numbers suggests violence is shifting north with Nablus being the locale of 28% of events, Hebron second at 21% and Ramallah and Qalqilya after that with 12% and 11% respectively. Note that 2010 numbers still do not capture violence during the Olive Harvest in the fall.<br />The Palestine Center<br />
  38. 38. Events Over Time<br />*Numbers for 2006, 2007, 2008 from UN OCHA<br />(P) Numbers for 2008 and 2010 are projections for the entire year based on 10 and 8 months of data respectively.<br />The Palestine Center<br />
  39. 39. Events Over Time<br />The Palestine Center<br />
  40. 40. Events Over Time<br />Early April 2009 - After right-wing coalition formed tit-for-tat violence leads to spike in Hebron, attacks in other Governorates unprovoked. <br />The Palestine Center<br />
  41. 41. Events Over Time<br />June-July-September 2009 – 4 different peaks resulting from “price tag” events related to reported dismantling of outposts in Qalqilya, Nablus and Hebron.<br />The Palestine Center<br />
  42. 42. Events Over Time<br />Late October-November 2009 – Olive harvest season brings Palestinian civilians, targets of settler violence, into open rural areas.<br />The Palestine Center<br />
  43. 43. Events Over Time<br />December 2009 – Major spikes due to announcement of settlement moratorium with brief and abrupt hiatus during Hannukah period. <br />The Palestine Center<br />
  44. 44. Events Over Time<br />Mid February 2010 – Spike comes after announcement that Settler Building (The Jonathan Pollard House) in Jerusalem would not be built<br />The Palestine Center<br />
  45. 45. Events Over Time<br />Mid-March, April, Mid & Late May 2010- Major spikes after Biden incident, announcement of Ramat Shlomo halt, start of proximity talks. Attacks tapper off after Netanyahu invited back to White House for conciliatory meeting. <br />The Palestine Center<br />
  46. 46. Main Findings<br />A Majority of events (90%) take place in areas where Israel has security jurisdiction under Oslo.<br />50% of attacks are perpetrated by Settlers from only 7 settlements.<br />Most heavily effected governorates are Nablus and Hebron. Attacks in Hebron often take place in the city whereas in Nablus they take place against villages. <br />Vulnerable villages are often adjacent to main roads.<br />The Palestine Center<br />
  47. 47. Main Findings<br />Main Roads between Nablus, Qalqilya and Salfit continue to be gauntlet of violence. Other roads also very vulnerable.<br />There is a remarkable increase in both events and casualties over the last several years. <br />Spikes in violence are often motivated by Israeli action or perceived threat of action, against presence of settlements. The average number of events per week increased 22% after the ‘settlement freeze’ announcement.<br />Violence is consistent and systematic, happening in all governorates and in 280 unique villages and locations across the WB in our data set. <br />The Palestine Center<br />

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