Adjective clauses with step by step

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Learn how to use adjective clauses in English

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Adjective clauses with step by step

  1. 1. Adjective Clauses
  2. 2. Clause Review • A clause includes a subject and a verb. • Remember that a clause can be independent or dependent. – Independent clauses don’t need help. – Dependent clauses need to be with an independent clause. • Adjective Clauses are dependent clauses.
  3. 3. What’s an adjective clause? • Just like an adjective, an adjective clause describes a noun. – Adjective clauses can help identify which noun. (identifying clauses / restrictive clauses) The students who studied for the exam will probably pass. – Adjective clauses can add more information about a noun. (non-identifying clauses / nonrestrictive clauses) Sarah, who didn’t study for the exam, did not pass.
  4. 4. Relative Pronouns • An adjective clause usually begins with a connecting word, known as a relative pronoun. • Remember that a pronoun REPLACES a noun. Relative Pronoun Use who person – subject whom person – object which thing – subject or object that person or thing – subject or object whose possessive (belonging to)
  5. 5. Step-by-Step • Take two simple sentences that talk about the same noun: The teacher has her own website. She teaches grammar and writing.
  6. 6. Step-by-Step • We’re going to make the second sentence the adjective clause, so replace the repeated noun/pronoun with the correct relative pronoun. The teacher has her own website. who She teaches grammar and writing. HINT: “She” is a person and the subject of the second sentence.
  7. 7. Step-by-Step • Now, the second simple sentence is an adjective clause. • Place it immediately after the noun you’re describing. HINT: The noun that we’re describing is “the teacher.” The teacher who teaches grammar and writing has her own website.
  8. 8. Analysis main Subject subject verb The teacher who teaches grammar and writing Adjective Clause main Verb has her own website.
  9. 9. Step-by-Step 2 • Take two simple sentences that talk about the same noun: The teacher has her own website. I have her for Writing and Grammar 5.
  10. 10. Step-by-Step 2 • We’re going to make the second sentence the adjective clause, so replace the repeated noun/pronoun with the correct relative pronoun. The teacher has her own website. whom I have her for Writing and Grammar 5. HINT: “Her” is a person and the object of the second sentence.
  11. 11. Step-by-Step 2 • If the adjective clause requires a connecting word (a relative pronoun), it needs to begin with it, so move it to the front. The teacher has her own website. whom I have for Writing and Grammar 5.
  12. 12. Step-by-Step 2 • Now, the second simple sentence is an adjective clause. • Place it immediately after the noun you’re describing. HINT: The noun that we’re describing is “the teacher.” The teacher whom I have for Writing and Grammar 5 has her own website.
  13. 13. Analysis 2 main Subject subject verb The teacher whom I have for Writing and Adjective Clause main Verb Grammar 5 has her own website.
  14. 14. Step-by-Step 3 • Take two simple sentences that talk about the same noun: The teacher has a website. It helps students practice their English.
  15. 15. Step-by-Step 3 • We’re going to make the second sentence the adjective clause, so replace the repeated noun/pronoun with the correct relative pronoun. The teacher has a website. which It helps students practice their English. HINT: “It” is a thing and the subject of the second sentence.
  16. 16. Step-by-Step 3 • Now, the second simple sentence is an adjective clause. • Place it immediately after the noun you’re describing. HINT: The noun that we’re describing is “a website.” The teacher has a website which helps students practice their English.
  17. 17. Analysis 3 main Subject main Verb subject verb The teacher has a website which helps students Adjective Clause practice their English.
  18. 18. Step-by-Step 4 • Take two simple sentences that talk about the same noun: The teacher has a website. She often shows it to her students.
  19. 19. Step-by-Step 4 • We’re going to make the second sentence the adjective clause, so replace the repeated noun/pronoun with the correct relative pronoun. The teacher has a website. which She often shows it to her students. HINT: “it” is a thing and the object of the second sentence.
  20. 20. Step-by-Step 4 • If the adjective clause requires a connecting word (a relative pronoun), it needs to begin with it, so move it to the front. The teacher has a website. which she often shows to her students.
  21. 21. Step-by-Step 4 • Now, the second simple sentence is an adjective clause. • Place it immediately after the noun you’re describing. HINT: The noun that we’re describing is “the website.” The teacher has a website which she often shows to her students.
  22. 22. Analysis 4 main Subject main Verb subject verb The teacher has a website which she often Adjective Clause shows to her students.
  23. 23. that • Note that for all of these examples, you could also use that as the connecting word: – The teacher that teaches grammar and writing has her own website. – The teacher that I have for Writing and Grammar 5 has her own website. – The teacher has a website that helps students practice their English. – The teacher has a website that she often shows to her students.
  24. 24. Step-by-Step (one more time) • Take two simple sentences that talk about the same noun: The teacher teaches writing and grammar. Her website has lots of English practice for all English skills.
  25. 25. Step-by-Step (one more time) • We’re going to make the second sentence the adjective clause, so replace the repeated noun/pronoun with the correct relative HINT: “Her” pronoun. The teacher teaches writing and grammar. whose Her website has lots of English practice for all English skills. is a possessive. It shows that the website belongs to the teacher.
  26. 26. Step-by-Step (one more time) • Now, the second simple sentence is an adjective clause. • Place it immediately after the noun you’re describing. HINT: The noun that we’re describing is “the teacher.” The teacher whose website has lots of English practice for all English skills teaches writing and grammar.
  27. 27. Analysis (one more time) main Subject subject verb The teacher whose website has lots of English Adjective Clause main Verb practice for all English skills teaches writing and grammar.

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