The Industrial Revolution

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The Industrial Revolution

  1. 1. UNIT 5.1 INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION
  2. 2. SAMUEL SLATER – Englishman who brings the secrets of textile mills to America from England in 1789 1
  3. 3. SLATER TEXTILE MILL
  4. 4. TEXTILE MILL
  5. 5. England made it illegal for textile workers to leave their country with their knowledge of how machines worked 2
  6. 6. TEXTILE MILL
  7. 7. INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION – factory machines replace hand tools, and large scale manufacturing replaces farming as main form of work 3
  8. 8. FACTORY SYSTEM – brings many workers and machines together to work under one roof 4
  9. 11. Many of the first factories were placed in the New England region for two reasons: 1) Fast moving rivers to supply water for factories 5
  10. 12. 2) Large supply of people willing to work in the factories 5
  11. 13. Most factories after 1830 are powered by steam instead of by rivers 6
  12. 14. INTERCHANGEABLE PARTS – making an item out of parts that are identical and can be mass produced – introduced by Eli Whitney 7
  13. 15. ELI WHITNEY
  14. 16. Interchangeable parts had 3 major advantages: 8 1) Sped up production, items could be mass produced
  15. 17. 2) Repairs are easier on items, can replace one part 3) Allowed the use of more unskilled labor for lower salary 8
  16. 18. ROBERT FULTON – given credit for creating the first steamboat – speeds up transportation 9
  17. 19. FULTON’s Steamboat – THE clermont
  18. 20. FULTON’s Steamboat – THE clermont
  19. 21. SAMUEL F.B. MORSE – invents the telegraph in 1844, speeds up communication 10
  20. 22. ORIGINAL TELEGRAPH MACHINE - 1837
  21. 23. JOHN DEERE – invents a lightweight plow with a steel cutting edge in 1836 11
  22. 24. JOHN DEERE STEEL PLOW
  23. 25. CYRUS McCORMICK – invented a grain reaper in 1834, making harvest faster and easier 12
  24. 26. Mc CORMICK REAPER
  25. 28. THE END

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