Presented by: Younes TAIAPresented by: Younes TAIAyounes.firstname.lastname@example.org@gmail.comTEFL&ICT Master programTEFL&ICT Master programThe Natural ApproachUniversity of Ibn-Zohr Methods and TechniquesFLSH Prof. Naima TRIMASSEMA TEFL&ICTSemester 2References :Jack C.Richards and Theodore S.Rodgers. Approaches and Methods inLanguage Teaching: A description and analysis. Cambridge UniversityPress.
OutlineThe theoretical backgroundDefinitionPrinciples and foundationsTPR VS NAProcedures and techniquesLearning process.How does NA syllabus look like?StrengthsWeaknesses
The Natural Approach is based on thefollowing assumptions.► The Naturalistic view of Child Language Acquisition.► James Asher’s TPR► Stephen Krashen and Tracy Terrell ’s works on SecondLanguage Acquisition (SLA).
What is the Natural Approach?The Natural Approach (NA henceforth) is a method offoreign language teaching which aims to apply the principlesof natural language acquisition into classroom. It focus on:►helping beginners to become intermediate.►Enhancing communication skills.►The primacy of meaning.
Underlying principles of NA► Advocating the use of TPR activities.► Delaying production until speech emerges.► Learners should be relaxed as possible in classroom.► Comprehensible input is crucial for triggering the acquisition oflanguage.► Providing understandable input that is little beyond the learners’level (i+1).
► Gaining personal communication skills.► The teacher is the source of the learners input.► Errors are tolerated at certain level providing, that they do nothinder or block the meaning.► meaning is paramount.Underlying principles of NA
Does the NA have something to sharewith TPR? Using TPR activities/learning through actions- learning through imperative, interrogative andcommand mood. The call for a “Silent period”- like child language acquisition, second language learnersneed a silent phase at which they receiveunderstandable input.
Procedures and Techniques► TPR activities (commands and interrogatives).► Group activities.► Complex games, role-plays, open-ended dialogs, anddiscussions.► visual aids.► Error correction should be minimised.► Creating the ground for learners/ lowering theaffective filter.► demonstrating using body language.► delaying production until speech emerges.
How does NA syllabuslook like?► Communicative syllabus; mainly focusing on enhacingskills both oral and written.
Strengths► following a logical/ rationale order.► attempting to reduce the learners’ inhibition.► a heavy stress is on meaning and vocabulary.► the use of target language.
Weaknesses► The notion of “Silent Period”► How does a teacher manage such silent classeffectively?► Error treatment► Learners are passive at certain level► Little emphasis was given to grammar analysis.► what type of input to provide.