‘Institute of Defectology’ (1930s) – Lev Vygotsky The philosophy of the Russian teams always focuses on ‘correcting the child to make him of her "normal" rather than assisting with his or her functional limitation in adapting to the environment or adapting the environment to make it accessible to the child with a disability.
Oscar Pistorius makesOlympic history in 400m at London 2012
World Health Organisation 1980 Version - ICIDH 2001 Version - ICF Manual of classification International relating to the Classification of consequences of disease’ Functioning, Disability (and injuries and other and Health relating to ‘disorders’) ‘ability’ and ‘performance’ Impairments, Disabilities Handicaps‘
Models of disabilityMedical model Social model Person is ‘suffering’ from Society - main an illness/disability contributory factor in Body condition will disabling people reduce ‘quality of life’ Remove barriers that Focuses on limitations disable by making Find ways to adapt to the adjustments environment Difference is celebrated Need for compassion
Language around ‘Disability’Unacceptable language More acceptable language Cripple Physical disabilities Handicap Learning disabilities Spastic (medical) Physically challenged Learning difficulties Mentally challenged (education) Sensory impairment Retardation (acceptable – Visual impairment in USA) – Hearing impairment Unfortunate child – deafblind
Encouraging positive languagearound the school School policy – anti-bullying Discussion on what is acceptable and unacceptable language in the classroom as part of language lesson People who are blind experience the world differently but can be equally fulfilling Ways of celebrating difference
Thank you Paul Lynch School of Education University of Birmingham firstname.lastname@example.org