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Disability and use ofappropriate language in educational settings2013 MATE Conference      Marrakech    Dr. Paul LynchMond...
The Parable of the Blind Leadingthe Blind by Pieter Bruegel, 1568
The Cripples – Bruegel 1569
‘Institute of Defectology’    (1930s) – Lev Vygotsky   The philosophy of the    Russian teams always    focuses on ‘corre...
The Cripples – L.S. Lowry 1949
Oscar Pistorius makesOlympic history in 400m at      London 2012
World Health Organisation     1980 Version - ICIDH        2001 Version - ICF    Manual of classification   International  ...
Models of disabilityMedical model                    Social model   Person is ‘suffering’ from      Society - main    an...
Language around ‘Disability’Unacceptable language       More acceptable language Cripple                    Physical dis...
Encouraging positive languagearound the school School policy – anti-bullying Discussion on what is acceptable and  unacc...
Thank you        Paul Lynch        School of        Education        University of        Birmingham     p.lynch@bham.ac.uk
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Keynote p_lynch

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Keynote p_lynch

  1. 1. Disability and use ofappropriate language in educational settings2013 MATE Conference Marrakech Dr. Paul LynchMonday 28 January 2013
  2. 2. The Parable of the Blind Leadingthe Blind by Pieter Bruegel, 1568
  3. 3. The Cripples – Bruegel 1569
  4. 4. ‘Institute of Defectology’ (1930s) – Lev Vygotsky The philosophy of the Russian teams always focuses on ‘correcting the child to make him of her "normal" rather than assisting with his or her functional limitation in adapting to the environment or adapting the environment to make it accessible to the child with a disability.
  5. 5. The Cripples – L.S. Lowry 1949
  6. 6. Oscar Pistorius makesOlympic history in 400m at London 2012
  7. 7. World Health Organisation 1980 Version - ICIDH 2001 Version - ICF Manual of classification International relating to the Classification of consequences of disease’ Functioning, Disability (and injuries and other and Health relating to ‘disorders’) ‘ability’ and ‘performance’ Impairments, Disabilities Handicaps‘
  8. 8. Models of disabilityMedical model Social model Person is ‘suffering’ from  Society - main an illness/disability contributory factor in Body condition will disabling people reduce ‘quality of life’  Remove barriers that Focuses on limitations disable by making Find ways to adapt to the adjustments environment  Difference is celebrated Need for compassion
  9. 9. Language around ‘Disability’Unacceptable language More acceptable language Cripple  Physical disabilities Handicap  Learning disabilities Spastic (medical) Physically challenged  Learning difficulties Mentally challenged (education)  Sensory impairment Retardation (acceptable – Visual impairment in USA) – Hearing impairment Unfortunate child – deafblind
  10. 10. Encouraging positive languagearound the school School policy – anti-bullying Discussion on what is acceptable and unacceptable language in the classroom as part of language lesson People who are blind experience the world differently but can be equally fulfilling Ways of celebrating difference
  11. 11. Thank you Paul Lynch School of Education University of Birmingham p.lynch@bham.ac.uk

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