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Passive Voice By Selim BALCI
Active - Passive <ul><li>In English, sentences can be in either active or passive voice. </li></ul><ul><li>In active voice...
Present Passive: <ul><li>I   wash   my car  every week. </li></ul><ul><li>My car   is washed  every week. </li></ul><ul><l...
Exercises: <ul><li>She makes a cake on Sundays. </li></ul><ul><li>A cake is made by her on Sundays. </li></ul><ul><li>The ...
Any => No: <ul><li>I don’t eat  anything  in the mornings. </li></ul><ul><li>Nothing  is eaten by me in the mornings. </li...
Passive with Modals <ul><li>When making the modals passive, “be” is used instead of “am, is, are” after the modal. </li></...
Simple Past Passive: <ul><li>When making past passive, was / were are used instead of am,is,are before the verb. </li></ul...
Exercises: <ul><li>He saw Lisa in Antalya last year. </li></ul><ul><li>Lisa was seen in Antalya last year. </li></ul><ul><...
Question form: <ul><li>Do you remember the answers? </li></ul><ul><li>Are the answers remembered by you? </li></ul><ul><li...
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Passive Voice

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Passive Voice

  1. 1. Passive Voice By Selim BALCI
  2. 2. Active - Passive <ul><li>In English, sentences can be in either active or passive voice. </li></ul><ul><li>In active voice the “doer (subject)” is important. We know the doer. </li></ul><ul><li>Görkem writes these stories . (Ali is the doer, “stories” is the object) </li></ul><ul><li>In passive voice we don’t know the “doer” or the “doer” is not important. </li></ul><ul><li>These stories are read by all the students. (“These stories” is emphasized.) </li></ul>www.yolyordam.com
  3. 3. Present Passive: <ul><li>I wash my car every week. </li></ul><ul><li>My car is washed every week. </li></ul><ul><li>We can add the “doer” if we want: </li></ul><ul><li>My car is washed by me every week. </li></ul><ul><li>-------------------------------------------------- </li></ul><ul><li>Warning: Not every verb can be passive, intransitive verbs (fall, go, come, return, die, live, climb, etc.) don’t have passive forms because they take no object.) </li></ul><ul><li>I return to Bursa. </li></ul><ul><li>Bursa is returned by me. (WRONG) </li></ul>am/is/are V3
  4. 4. Exercises: <ul><li>She makes a cake on Sundays. </li></ul><ul><li>A cake is made by her on Sundays. </li></ul><ul><li>The secretary writes the letters </li></ul><ul><li>Letters are written by the secretary </li></ul><ul><li>We learn new words every day. </li></ul><ul><li>New words are learned by us every day. </li></ul><ul><li>The dog eats bone. </li></ul><ul><li>Bone is eaten by the dog. </li></ul><ul><li>Girls don’t play football. </li></ul><ul><li>Football is not played by the girls. </li></ul><ul><li>He doesn’t sell fruit. </li></ul><ul><li>Fruit is not sold by him. </li></ul><ul><li>Linda doesn’t study German. </li></ul><ul><li>German is not studied by Linda. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Any => No: <ul><li>I don’t eat anything in the mornings. </li></ul><ul><li>Nothing is eaten by me in the mornings. </li></ul><ul><li>I don’t love anybody. </li></ul><ul><li>Nobody is loved by me. </li></ul><ul><li>She doesn’t drink any alcohol. </li></ul><ul><li>No alcohol was drunk by her. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Passive with Modals <ul><li>When making the modals passive, “be” is used instead of “am, is, are” after the modal. </li></ul><ul><li>I can solve this problem. </li></ul><ul><li>This problem can be solved by me. </li></ul><ul><li>We have to wear a tie. </li></ul><ul><li>A tie has to be worn. </li></ul><ul><li>They should finish the project. </li></ul><ul><li>The project should be finished. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Simple Past Passive: <ul><li>When making past passive, was / were are used instead of am,is,are before the verb. </li></ul><ul><li>He painted this wall yesterday. </li></ul><ul><li>This wall was painted by him yesterday. </li></ul><ul><li>She helped me last week. </li></ul><ul><li>I was helped by her last week. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Exercises: <ul><li>He saw Lisa in Antalya last year. </li></ul><ul><li>Lisa was seen in Antalya last year. </li></ul><ul><li>They wrote paragraphs yesterday. </li></ul><ul><li>Paragraphs were written by them yesterday. </li></ul><ul><li>The teacher didn’t answer the question. </li></ul><ul><li>The question was not answered by the teacher. </li></ul><ul><li>We didn’t decide the place for the party. </li></ul><ul><li>The place for the party was not decided by us. </li></ul><ul><li>She prepared this report. </li></ul><ul><li>This report was prepared by her. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Question form: <ul><li>Do you remember the answers? </li></ul><ul><li>Are the answers remembered by you? </li></ul><ul><li>Does she sing “Ağrı Dağı Türküsü”? </li></ul><ul><li>Is Ağrı Dağı Türküsü sung by her? </li></ul><ul><li>Did they wash the dishes? </li></ul><ul><li>Were the dishes washed by them? </li></ul><ul><li>Did you visit him at the hospital? </li></ul><ul><li>Was he visited by you at the hospital? </li></ul>

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