KUVEMPU UNIVERSITY Department of P.G Studies and Research in Education Jnanasahyadri Shankaraghatta. A Seminar on 4.3.3Encultutation and Education 4.3.4 Acculturation and EducationSubmitted To,Mrs.ROOPA .M Submitted by,Lecturer SHARATH KUMAR T.MDept. of Education I semesterKuvempu University Roll.no-20Shankaraghatta Dept. of Education Kuvempu University 2011-12
CONTENTS:4.3.3:ENCULTURATION AND EDUCATIONIntroduction•Culture•Meaning•Definitions•Characteristics•Enculturation and education•Nature and Importance•Educational Implications•Conclusion4.3.4:ACCULTURATION AND EDUCATION•Introduction•Meaning•Definitions•Nature of Acculturation•Characteristics•Educational implications•Conclusion•Reference
Enculturation:INTRODUCTION: Change is the law of natureand an essential ingredient ofman’s evolutionary process. Manis both conservative as well asdynamic. human takes birth insociety and lives in the society tillthe death. So many factors willaffect on human and society it’s acontinuous process this process istwo dimensional here a singleperson may bring change in totalgroup of society or vice versa.Like wise human being acquiresnew cultures in his life leads toEnculturation.
WHAT IS CULTURE? Accoding to Edgar Schein “culture is the deeper level of basic assumptions and belifs that are shared by memders of an organization, that operate unconsciously and define in a basic taken for granted fashion an organization’s view of its self and its environment”. A simpler definition: A simple way of defining culture is a system for differntiating between in-group and out- group people. Culture is what keeps people together so you could even say culture is social glue.
MEANING: Enculturation is the process by which a person learns the requirements of the web by which he or she is surrounded and acquires values and behaviors that are appropriate or recesory in that culture. DEFINATIONS: According to mary elan godon“Enculturation is a process of transformation ofculture to the young.” According to E.Adamson Hoebel-“Enculturation both a conscious and anunconscious conditions process where by man,as child and adult, achieves competence in hisculture, internalizes his culture and becomethoroughly encultured.
CHARACTERISHICS OF ENCULTURATION1.It is the process in which the adoption of the behaviorpatterns of the surrounding culture.2.it includes the socialization of child learn to the normsof their culture.3.the process of learning to become a responsible adultmember of a society.4.the process of enculturation is related to socialication.5.Enculturation can be conscious or unconscious process.6.Enculturation helps mold a person in to an acceptablemember of society.7.Enculturation is a lifelong process that helps unitypeople.
ENCULTURATION AND EDUCATION: Sociologist Talcott parson spoke of the birth of newgenerations of childrens as a recurrent barbarian invasion.Education plays important role in enculturation as the process bywhich individuals acquire the knowledge,skills,attitudes andvalues that enable them to become functioning members of theirsocieties.NATURE AND IMP ORTANCE: Enculturation is the product of learning enculturation isnot a static it is dynamic process. Enculturation is takes placethrough conscious or unconscious mode. Enculturation is called asacculturation some time it means exchange of culture from onegeneration to another generation. Enculturation begins beforebirth and continues untill death.
EDUCATIONAL IMPLICATIONS:•Helps in developing new cultural habits and languages.•Helps in adopting good values.•It helps in understand individuals and society.•It helps in the adjustment of new environments.•It helps in developing technologies and skills new innovations andresearch.•It plays role in development of individual and society will takesplace.•Helps in understanding different discipline of various cultures andtraditions.•Helps in development of self awareness and language abilities.•Helps in judgment capacities about other different cultures.•Helps in developing unity, international brotherhood etc.•Helps in developing international understanding, nationalintegration.•It helps in developing desirable culture in the persons himself andin society.
CONCLUSION: Enculturation helps mold a person into anacceptable member of society. Culture influenceseverything that a person does, whether they are aware ofit or not. Enculturation is a lifelong process that helpsunify people. Enculturation plays a significant role indiscipling and educating young generation. For theenrichment of knowledge and technology enculturationis very important process it helps to get informationregarding universal culture and languages it plays anvery important role in the growth of the community.
Acculturation: INTRODUCTION: Acculturation is a process in which members of one cultural group adopt the beliefs and behaviors of another group. Although acculturation is usually in the direction of a minority group adopting habits and language patterns of the dominant group, acculturation can be reciprocal that is, the dominant group also adopts patterns typical of the minority group. Assimilation of one cultural group into another may be evidenced by changes in language preference, adoption of common attitudes and values, members hip in common social groups and institutions.
MEANING : Acculturation is the exchange of cultural features thatresults when groups of individuals having different cultures comeinto continuous first hand contact; the original cultural patterns ofeither or both groups may be altered, but the groups remaindistinct.DEFINITION’S:1 .acculturation – means “A cultural unit(an idea orvalue or pattern of behavor) that is passed from oneperson to another by non genetic means(as byimitation)”2 .acculturation – means the adoption of the behavorpatterns of the surrounding culture
NATURE OF ACCULTURATION: Acculturation can be conceived to be the process of culturallearning imposed upon minorities by the fact of being minorities. Ifenculturation is first culture learning then acculturation is secondculture learning. This has often been conceived to be aunidirectional, zero seem cultural conflict in which the minoritiesculture is displaced by the dominant group’s culture in a process.CHARACTERISTICS OF ACCULTURATION:•Acculturation is entails two way process of change research andtheory have contained with a focus on the adjustment and changesexperenced by minorities response to their contact with dominentmejorities .•Acculturation is a unidirection process .•Acculturation is a second culture learning .•Acculturation is the learning of appropriate behavior of one’s hostculture.•Acclturation and assimilation differ in degree of adaption to new within content of Acclturation.
Education implications: •Helps in selecting of the culture and values •Helps in the leading co operation attitude and relationship with society •Development aquairing knowledge and skills •Development of technical and scientfic skils •Helps in social adjustment and assimilation •Helps in selfawareness and and personal growth also growth of society •Helps in acquiring new knowledge of new knowledges and languages.
Concusion: Acculturation plays significant role in exchangeof cultural features Acculturation is a process in whichmembers of one culture group adapt the believes andbehavior of another group that brings adoption andassimilation is the more extreme process it comesfrom the realization that one will never turn to thesociety of origin. Marriage brings togetherrepresentatives of two separate sub cultures schoolsbring together representative of different localcultures.
Reference :•Education and society by Janardan prasad•Social aspects of education by Muniruddin qureshi•Johnson, Harry. M: “Sociology, A systematic Introduction”-Allied publishersLtd., New Delhi•S.K Murthy: “Philosophical and sociological Foundation of Education”•Yogesh Kumar Singh: The Philosophical and Sociological Foundation ofEducationWebliography :•The sociology of education by Ivor morrish 1978 page 308•En.wikipedia.org/wiki /enculturation•www.thefreedictoniry.com•www.en. Wikipedia.org/wiki/acculturation.•www.marcbowles.com/courses/adv_dip/module2/.../m4three.htm•academic.cuesta.edu/research/reports/pai.ppt•www.projectsparadise.com/enculturation-acculturation-television-asia...•drum.lib.umd.edu/bitstream/1903/8080/1/umi-umd-5242.pdf•www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21574693•https://pantherfile.uwm.edu/schmid/www/course/660.../sld007.htm