Grammar Study: Reported Speech Next
We use the Reported speech: Next <ul><li>When we are telling someone what another person said or thought, but do not use t...
Please, note that: <ul><li>Quotation marks are not used in reported speech. </li></ul><ul><li>Verb tenses, pronouns and so...
<ul><li>In reported –wh questions, we use the wh- word + the subject + the verb. </li></ul><ul><li>We do not use the inter...
Verb tense changes: Next <ul><li>Present simple </li></ul>Direct speech Reported speech <ul><li>Past simple </li></ul><ul>...
Place changes Direct speech Reported speech here there This place <ul><li>That place  </li></ul>Next
Time changes Direct speech Reported speech <ul><li>now </li></ul><ul><li>then </li></ul>Today / tonight <ul><li>That day /...
Personal Pronouns changes Direct speech Reported speech <ul><li>I </li></ul><ul><li>He, she </li></ul>you <ul><li>I, she, ...
Possessive Pronouns changes Direct speech Reported speech my <ul><li>His, her </li></ul>your <ul><li>My, his, her, our, th...
 
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Reported speech

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  1. 1. Grammar Study: Reported Speech Next
  2. 2. We use the Reported speech: Next <ul><li>When we are telling someone what another person said or thought, but do not use their exact words. </li></ul>For example Mark said that he wanted to live in London.
  3. 3. Please, note that: <ul><li>Quotation marks are not used in reported speech. </li></ul><ul><li>Verb tenses, pronouns and some “time” and “place” words may change because the time, place and speaker may be different. </li></ul><ul><li>When we report a statement, we use reported verbs such as say, tell, explain, inform, answer, decide, etc. often followed by that. </li></ul>Next
  4. 4. <ul><li>In reported –wh questions, we use the wh- word + the subject + the verb. </li></ul><ul><li>We do not use the interrogative form of the verb – do, does or did. </li></ul>Next <ul><li>As it is an indirect question no question marks are used </li></ul><ul><li>When we report requests, orders, advice or warnings we use verbs such as advice, ask, beg, tell, order, etc, followed by an infinitive. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Verb tense changes: Next <ul><li>Present simple </li></ul>Direct speech Reported speech <ul><li>Past simple </li></ul><ul><li>Past Simple </li></ul><ul><li>Past Perfect </li></ul><ul><li>Present continuous </li></ul><ul><li>Past continuous </li></ul><ul><li>Present perfect </li></ul>Past perfect <ul><li>Present perfect continuous </li></ul>Past perfect continuous <ul><li>Future </li></ul>Conditional
  6. 6. Place changes Direct speech Reported speech here there This place <ul><li>That place </li></ul>Next
  7. 7. Time changes Direct speech Reported speech <ul><li>now </li></ul><ul><li>then </li></ul>Today / tonight <ul><li>That day / that night </li></ul><ul><li>This morning </li></ul><ul><li>That morning </li></ul>yesterday The day before <ul><li>Tomorrow </li></ul><ul><li>The following day </li></ul><ul><li>Last month </li></ul><ul><li>The month before </li></ul>Next
  8. 8. Personal Pronouns changes Direct speech Reported speech <ul><li>I </li></ul><ul><li>He, she </li></ul>you <ul><li>I, she, he, we, they </li></ul>we <ul><li>they </li></ul>Me Him, her <ul><li>You </li></ul><ul><li>Him, her, us, them </li></ul><ul><li>Us </li></ul><ul><li>them </li></ul>Next
  9. 9. Possessive Pronouns changes Direct speech Reported speech my <ul><li>His, her </li></ul>your <ul><li>My, his, her, our, their </li></ul>our <ul><li>their </li></ul>mine His, hers yours <ul><li>Mine, his, hers, ours, theirs </li></ul>ours Mine, his , hers, ours, theirs,

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