Reported speech

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Reported speech

  1. 1. REPORTED SPEECHS T AT E M E N T S • I spent all my money last week - H e s a y s h e s p e n t a l l h i s m o n e y l a s t we e k . - He told me (that) he had spent all his money the week before. CHANGES (1)QUESTIONSYES/NO QUEST. • ‘ A r e y o u t h e p e r s o n wh o w o n t h e p r i z e ? ’ - T h e y a s k e d m e i f / w h e t h e r I wa s t h e p e r s o n w h o h a d wo n t h e p r i z e .INFORMATION QUESTIONS • ‘W hat time does the train for Fleet leave? - He asked the porter what time the train for Fleet left. • W h a t a n i c e f e l l o w! ’ - He exclaimed what a nice fellow he was. CHANGES (1)C O M M AN D S Verb+object+infinitive • ‘ G e t o u t o f t h e w a y! ’E X C L AM AT I O N S (advise, remind, ask, - T h e wa r d e n a s k e d m e t o g e t o u t o f t h e w a y .SUGGESTIONS t e l l , p e r s u a d e , wa r n ) • ‘Don’t sm oke in this com partm ent’.REQUES TS - The inspector asked me not to smoke in that com partm ent.  ‘ I f I we r e y o u , I ’ d l e a v e a t o n c e ’ H e a d v i s e d m e t o leave at once.’  ‘Don’t stay here. This place is dangerous.’ He warned me not to stay. Verb+ two objects  ‘John, this is my husband, Robert.’ She introduced (introduce, offer) her husband to me.  ‘W ould you like a cup of coffee?.’ He offered me a cup of coffee. Verb+infinitive • ‘ A l l r i g h t , we ’ l l c o m e . ’ T h e y a g r e e d t o c o m e . (agree, refuse, promise) • ‘I’m not going to have my hair cut.’ He refused to cut his hair. Verb+ that+ clause • ‘ Let’s have lunch before the match.’ (say, suggest, explain) • ‘ Shall we have lunch before the lunch?’ - He said/suggested that they might have lunch before the match.* Verb+ing form • ‘ W h y d o n ’ t we m e e t a t t h e s t a t i o n ? ’ H e s u g g e s t e d (suggest) meeting at the station.* Verb +preposition + ing • ‘ I ’ m s o r r y I wa s v e r y r u d e . ’ H e a p o l o g i s e d f o r b e i n g (apologise) rude. Verb + object • ‘OK i’ll go with you! . She accepted the invitati on. ( accept, refuse )(1) CHANGES Tense changes Direct Speech Indirect Speech  go  went  went/have gone/had gone  had gone  am/is/are going  was going  was going/have been going/ had  had been going been going  will/shall be going/should be going  would be going  will/shall go/should go  would go  can go  could go  may go/might go  might go  must go/have to go  had to go  needn’t go/don’t need to go  didn’t need to go Yolanda Giménez Ballesteros / January 2012  didn’t need to go  hadn’t needed to go  ought to go/ should go /  They don’t change  used to go/ could/ would/might  They don’t change Other changes  now  then  today  that day  yesterday  the day before  tomorrow  t h e n e x t / f o l l o wi n g d a y  last week  t h e p r e v i o u s we e k  a we e k a g o  t h e we e k b e f o r e  this  that  these  those  here  thereREPORTING W ORDS Statements: say, tell, insist, shout, agree, mutter, exclaim, admit, protest, object, a n s we r , b o a s t , d e c l a r e , c l a i m , r e p l y , w h i s p e r , … … … Q u e s t i o n s : a s k , wo n d e r , w a n t t o k n o w , b e c u r i o u s t o … … … Commands: order, command, request, beg, implore, urge, scream at, shout to, call out to, advise, warn, invite……… E xc l a m a t i o n s : e xc l a i m , r e p r o v e , s we a r , r e m a r k … … … … … …

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