Significance development in genetic engineering since 2000 Presented by Yogesh Kumar M.Sc (Bioinformatics) Department (Mic...
Genetic engineering <ul><li>Genetic engineering is the ability to be able to change part of an organism’s genome to create...
Product’s which are genetically modified <ul><li>Cotton </li></ul><ul><li>Papaya </li></ul><ul><li>Potatoes </li></ul><ul>...
Latest genetically modified crop product’s <ul><li>Tomato </li></ul><ul><li>Bt cotton  </li></ul><ul><li>Bt corn </li></ul...
What is Bt <ul><li>Bt is shorthand for common soil-inhabiting bacteria called  Bacillus thuringiensis . Bt also refers to ...
Bt-toxins present in  peanut   leaves (bottom image) protect it from extensive damage caused by  European corn borer   lar...
What is Bt corn? <ul><li>Production of delta endotoxin is controlled by a single gene in the bacteria. A modified version ...
Bt-cotton <ul><li>India made its long-awaited entry into commercial agricultural biotechnology in march 2002 with the appr...
Significant benefits of Bt-cotton  <ul><li>Bt-cotton both before and after commercialization have clearly shown the follow...
BT Brinjal Bt Brinjal is a trans-genic brinjal  created by inserting a gene from the soil bacterium Bacillus  thuringiensi...
Glow in the Dark Pets  <ul><li>Pigs  </li></ul><ul><li>Rabbits  </li></ul><ul><li>Monkeys  </li></ul><ul><li>Mice  </li></...
Bioluminescence: Natural Glow  <ul><li>*Firefly </li></ul><ul><li>*Emperor Scorpion </li></ul><ul><li>*Cookie Cutter Shark...
Future developments  <ul><li>Future  applications of GMOs are diverse and include drugs in food,  bananas  that produce hu...
Report <ul><li>A 2009 review published by the  Royal Society of Medicine  noted that GM foods have been eaten by millions ...
How would you know that your food was genetically modified?   <ul><li>You can't see or taste that your corncob for example...
THANK YOU
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Significance development in genetic engineering since 2000

3,120 views

Published on

THIS PRESENTATION BELONG TO YOGESH KUMAR STUDENT OF BIOINFORMATICs

Published in: Education, Technology, Spiritual
0 Comments
3 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total views
3,120
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
2
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
99
Comments
0
Likes
3
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Significance development in genetic engineering since 2000

  1. 1. Significance development in genetic engineering since 2000 Presented by Yogesh Kumar M.Sc (Bioinformatics) Department (Microbiology) C.C.S.University Meerut
  2. 2. Genetic engineering <ul><li>Genetic engineering is the ability to be able to change part of an organism’s genome to create some desired or beneficial trait </li></ul><ul><li>Genetic engineering come of age in 1973 when Herb Boyer and stanley cohen create the world first genetically engineered organism </li></ul>
  3. 3. Product’s which are genetically modified <ul><li>Cotton </li></ul><ul><li>Papaya </li></ul><ul><li>Potatoes </li></ul><ul><li>Soybeans </li></ul><ul><li>Sugar beet </li></ul><ul><li>Tomatoes, including cherry tomatoes </li></ul><ul><li>Bananas </li></ul><ul><li>Coca beans </li></ul><ul><li>Corn </li></ul><ul><li>strawberries </li></ul>
  4. 4. Latest genetically modified crop product’s <ul><li>Tomato </li></ul><ul><li>Bt cotton </li></ul><ul><li>Bt corn </li></ul><ul><li>Rice </li></ul><ul><li>Tobacco </li></ul><ul><li>Bt brinjal </li></ul><ul><li>Latest genetically engineered animals </li></ul><ul><li>Rat </li></ul><ul><li>Fish </li></ul><ul><li>Pigs </li></ul><ul><li>Rabbits </li></ul><ul><li>Mice </li></ul><ul><li>Insects </li></ul>(Bt- bacillus thuringiensis. commonly used as pesticides )
  5. 5. What is Bt <ul><li>Bt is shorthand for common soil-inhabiting bacteria called Bacillus thuringiensis . Bt also refers to insecticide products made from these bacteria </li></ul><ul><li>about 280 are known pests controlled by Bt </li></ul><ul><li> Is Bt safe? </li></ul><ul><li>Commercial Bt insecticides are classified as Generally Regarded as Safe and are approved for most organic certification programs </li></ul>
  6. 6. Bt-toxins present in peanut leaves (bottom image) protect it from extensive damage caused by European corn borer larvae (top image).
  7. 7. What is Bt corn? <ul><li>Production of delta endotoxin is controlled by a single gene in the bacteria. A modified version of this gene can be placed in corn plants. Corn plants containing this gene can produce delta endotoxin and therefore be toxic to insects that are susceptible to that form of the protein. </li></ul><ul><li>Genetically Engineered Corn May Cause Food Allergies </li></ul>
  8. 8. Bt-cotton <ul><li>India made its long-awaited entry into commercial agricultural biotechnology in march 2002 with the approval of three Bt-cotton hybrids for commercial cultivation. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Significant benefits of Bt-cotton <ul><li>Bt-cotton both before and after commercialization have clearly shown the following benefits </li></ul><ul><li>a) Higher cotton yield owing to effective control of bollworms </li></ul><ul><li>b) drastic reduction in the application of chemical insecticides for bollworm control </li></ul><ul><li>c) higher profit to farmers and </li></ul><ul><li>d) conservation of biological control agents and other beneficial organisms </li></ul>
  10. 10. BT Brinjal Bt Brinjal is a trans-genic brinjal created by inserting a gene from the soil bacterium Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) into brinjal.
  11. 11. Glow in the Dark Pets <ul><li>Pigs </li></ul><ul><li>Rabbits </li></ul><ul><li>Monkeys </li></ul><ul><li>Mice </li></ul><ul><li>Rats </li></ul><ul><li>Insects </li></ul>
  12. 12. Bioluminescence: Natural Glow <ul><li>*Firefly </li></ul><ul><li>*Emperor Scorpion </li></ul><ul><li>*Cookie Cutter Shark </li></ul><ul><li>*Angler Fish </li></ul><ul><li>*Some types of squid </li></ul><ul><li>*Certain types of jellyfish </li></ul>
  13. 13. Future developments <ul><li>Future applications of GMOs are diverse and include drugs in food, bananas that produce human vaccines against infectious diseases such as Hepatitis B </li></ul><ul><li>metabolically engineered fish that mature more quickly, fruit and nut trees that yield years earlier </li></ul><ul><li>foods no longer containing properties associated with common intolerances </li></ul><ul><li>and plants that produce new plastics with unique properties </li></ul>
  14. 14. Report <ul><li>A 2009 review published by the Royal Society of Medicine noted that GM foods have been eaten by millions of people worldwide for over 15 years, with no reports of ill effects. Similarly a 2004 report from the US National Academies of Sciences stated: &quot;To date, no adverse health effects attributed to genetic engineering have been documented in the human population </li></ul>
  15. 15. How would you know that your food was genetically modified? <ul><li>You can't see or taste that your corncob for example has been genetically modified. </li></ul><ul><li>But you can read on the packaging whether a food is genetically modified or contains genetically modified ingredients. That is because the EU requires genetically modified food to be labeled. </li></ul>
  16. 16. THANK YOU

×