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An Introduction to Musicwww.muziclub.com
Contents  Why living Music is so Important  What is Music  Fundamental Blocks for Music      –   Melody      –   Harmony  ...
Why live Music    Music - Essential Life Component • Human Brain has natural affinity   towards music. A musical activity ...
Music – Organized Sound evoking Emotions       Organized                                                   Sound       Rhy...
Building Blocks of Music                                            Song /    Lyrics                                      ...
Musical Note               Duration • Duration tells how long the note   lasts or the Time Value of the note              ...
Melody – Musical Scales                  Overview • A Musical Scale consists of a collection of                C5         ...
Melody – Musical ScalesMost of the Music systems in the world use Diatonic Scale as the basic framework for musicalComposi...
Instrument Ranges                                          Human Voice                                             Concert...
Musical Phrases• Melody is created using different patterns of Notes in a Musical Scale• Musical phrase is a unit in Compo...
Harmony• Combinations of certain notes sound pleasant and certain others sound annoying  (dissonant) based on harmonic int...
Chord Progressions• Series of Chords that establish a Tonal Function for each Chord to produce Harmonic Flow• Change of Ch...
Rhythm                                                     Rhythm• Rhythm is regulated succession of strong and weak eleme...
Expressing Emotions through MusicEmotion            Melody                 Rhythm                  Harmony (Chord/        ...
We welcome your involvement in living musicTHANK YOUwww.muziclub.com                              15
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An introduction to music

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Overview of key music concepts and building blocks. Focus has been on simplifications and generalizations rather than exactness and comprehensiveness.

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An introduction to music

  1. 1. An Introduction to Musicwww.muziclub.com
  2. 2. Contents Why living Music is so Important What is Music Fundamental Blocks for Music – Melody – Harmony – Rhythm – Lyrics* Mapping between key terms in Indian and western music Expressing Emotions through Music 2
  3. 3. Why live Music Music - Essential Life Component • Human Brain has natural affinity towards music. A musical activity improves intellectual brain activity. • Music skills enhance Self Confidence, Social Bonding and Success in society . • Playing music helps in bringing down Stress levels and improves overall health and well being. From Loving to Living Music • Actively playing music (living music) is infinitely more enjoyable than passively listening to it • Every Human being has the potential to evolve into a Musical genius with proper training and Practice 3
  4. 4. Music – Organized Sound evoking Emotions Organized Sound Rhythmic patterns Pitch / Frequency Melodic Phrases Timbre / Voice Harmonic Progressions Loudness / Dynamics evoking Emotions Wide melodic range, Consistent strong rhythm, Major Chords Narrow melodic range, Slow rhythm, Minor Chords Wide melodic range, Rhythm variations, Mixed Chords 4
  5. 5. Building Blocks of Music Song / Lyrics Rhythm CompositionRhymes Syllables Meter Tempo Melody Harmony Scale Phrase Chord Progressions Musical Note Duration Pitch Intensity Timbre Beats Frequency 5
  6. 6. Musical Note Duration • Duration tells how long the note lasts or the Time Value of the note Whole note Half Note Quarter Note Eighth Note • This is usually expressed in Beats 4 Beats 2 Beats 1 Beat half Beat (measure of time in music) Time value of Notes Pitch • Auditory property helping sound to Higher Notes be perceived as higher or lower Lower Notes • Depends on Frequency, expressed in Quarter Note A on Staff = 440 Hz Hertz (cycles per second) Tone and Note • A sound of a specific frequency and pitch is referred to as a Musical Tone. In addition to these Tone has following Attributes Intensity: A measure of loudness • Tones of specific frequency are referred to as Musical Notes and have associated names. E.g. Notes, C, D, E, F in western music 6
  7. 7. Melody – Musical Scales Overview • A Musical Scale consists of a collection of C5 523 Hz Notes with pre defined Pitch distances B • Notes with Frequency difference of two A times are said to be an Octave apart. 440 Hz • In a commonly used ‘Equal Tempered’ G 392 Hz scale, the Notes are divided equally into several parts, usually 12 F 349 Hz S • The Ratio of Frequencies of adjacent E intervals is fixed – 1.059 approx (12th root of 2) D • Each Step is referred to as a Semitone (S) T and 2 steps as Tone (T) Middle C 261.5 Hz (C4) • The Note A above middle C with frequency of 440 Hz is used as Tuning Music Scale shown over 12 Equal Temperaments Standard in Western Music 7
  8. 8. Melody – Musical ScalesMost of the Music systems in the world use Diatonic Scale as the basic framework for musicalCompositions which follows same pattern of Pitch distances T T S T T T S 8 C C D E F G A B C 7 Guitar B 6 A Piano 5 G C D E F G A B C 4 F Staff S Notation 3 E English Notes C D E F G A B C 2 D T Indian Notes Sa Re Ga Ma Pa Dha Ni Sa 1 C Spanish Notes Do Re Me Fa So La Ti Do Pitch gaps in a Diatonic Scale Diatonic Notes Names in various Music Systems 8
  9. 9. Instrument Ranges Human Voice Concert Piano Violin Bass Guitar Guitar C0 C1 C2 C3 C4 C5 C6 C7 Octave C8 Middle C • Every Instrument has a limited Range of Pitches it can play • Most Vocalists have a Vocal Range of 2-3 Octaves. Some people can go upto 3.5 or even 4 • Sound of same frequency from different Sources sounds very similar even if tone quality (or timbre) is very different. Sound of Frequency in factors of 2 (Octaves) sounds very similar 9
  10. 10. Musical Phrases• Melody is created using different patterns of Notes in a Musical Scale• Musical phrase is a unit in Composition which has complete musical sense• A melody typically consists of several consecutive musical phrases.• Phrases usually culminate into a more or less definite cadence.• Cadence is musical melodic or harmonic configuration that creates a sense of Resolution Twin kle Twin kle lit tle star how I won der what you are Example of a common Melody 10
  11. 11. Harmony• Combinations of certain notes sound pleasant and certain others sound annoying (dissonant) based on harmonic interaction between different frequencies• Simultaneous notes of different pitches produce Chords, which provide fundamental building block for Harmony in Western Music• The study of Harmony involves chords and their construction and chord progressions. Consonance and Dissonance• Consonance is a chord or Interval that sounds pleasant to most people and appears to be at Rest.• Consonances are generally points of arrival, Resolution or Rest. Most Harmonies and C Chord = C + E + G Melodies end on Consonance Chords Example of C Chord on• Dissonance appears to be Unpleasant and at Unrest Piano and guitar 11
  12. 12. Chord Progressions• Series of Chords that establish a Tonal Function for each Chord to produce Harmonic Flow• Change of Chord, or "chord change", generally occurs on an accented Beat,• Most Common Chords consist of Triads (3 notes) Formed using alternate notes. E.g. CEG = C Chord, GBD = G Chord• Chords created using Bass notes of various Scale Degrees of the Tonic (Key) are often referred to with equivalent Roman Numerals. E.g. in the Key of C, C Chord = I, F Chord = IV, G Chord = V 3 Chord Progressions Circle Progressions Blues Changes • I - IV - V – V • I-V-I • I-I-I-I • I - I - IV – V • IV - IV - I – I • I - IV - I – V • I - IV - V - I • V-V-I-I • I - IV - V - IV Examples of Chord Progressions 12
  13. 13. Rhythm Rhythm• Rhythm is regulated succession of strong and weak elements and made up of sounds and silences.• The strong and weak elements (sounds and silences) are put together to form a pattern of sounds which gets repeated• A rhythm has a steady beat, but it may also have different kinds of beats. Tempo Metric Level Meter • Organization of music into• Speed or Pace of a given piece • Basic Unit of time that can regularly recurring measures• Can affect the mood and be audible of stressed and unstressed difficulty of a piece. • Also called Beat level "beats“• Usually expressed in Beats per • Repeating series of • Indicated in Western music minute identical distinct periods notation by a time signature and bar-lines. Whole note Half note Quarter note Eighth note 4 Beats 2 Beats 1 Beat 1/2 Beat Beat Level Division Level Multiple Levels 13
  14. 14. Expressing Emotions through MusicEmotion Melody Rhythm Harmony (Chord/ Tonality)Happiness, Wide Range Consistent, MajorExcitement Strong, Loud, FastLove, Affection, Medium Gentle, MajorTenderness Medium TempoSadness flat Slow MinorTranquillity flat Smooth, Gentle Major/MinorTriumph, Wide Jumps Energetic, Power ChordEcstasy Loud, FastThis is only a Rough Guideline. The infinitely complex musical structures and patterns allowInfinitely Complex Emotions to be Expressed with Music 14
  15. 15. We welcome your involvement in living musicTHANK YOUwww.muziclub.com 15

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