Accidents and their Prevention How accidents are caused? Approaches to Reduce accidents Safe Work environment Basic Safety Programming Promotion of health and safety.
Health & Safety At Workplaces Factories Mines Constructions
Health & Safety at FactoriesHealth Safety To keep clean and free from To prohibit employment of effluvia women and children near cotton To maintain adequate ventilation openers and reasonable temperature To protect workers from repairing To ensure proper standards of machinery in motion humidification where humidity in To protect workers from the air is artificially increased dangerous fumes, inflammable To provide sufficient and suitable dust, gas etc. natural or artificial lighting To prohibit any person from To provide for a sufficient number carrying or moving any load so of spitoons and maintain them in heavy as to be likely to cause him a clean and hygenic condition. injury To maintain all chains, hoists and lifts in good conditions, of sound material to work on safe mode.
Health & Safety At MinesDrinking waterMachinerySlips and falls of personsSanitationMedical AppliancesFirst –aid & Rescue
ConstructionThe term construction referes to the building and civilengineering activites. Buildings and civil engineering may be divided into 4main parts:1. Work above grounds2. Works in open excavation3. Underground work4. Under water work
Characteristic of Construction Large number of small firm involved A chain of contractors ranging from the principal contractor to sub-contractors and petty contractors Competitive tendering High turnover of contract labour Seasonal and migrant labour Unorganised labour Low level of awarness and poverty resulting in their exploitation Working in the open and all weather conditions Difficulties in the absorption of imported technology
Causes of accidents in civilengineering Person falling Person being struck or trapped by object in motion Person stepping on or striking against objects Person handling objects in such a way so as to cause injury Person using hand tools
Construction hazards Exposure to asbestos dust in demolition and construction Exposure to harmful ground treatment chemical, or potentially harmful chemical used on construction sites at waste tips Exposure to radiation Fire Collapse of uncompleted structure Exposure to excessive noise Air or gas pressure in underwater or underground work
Cause of Accidents in construction Defects in technical planning Tiredness is a major cause of accidents Assigning work to incompetent contractors Insufficient or defective supervision of the work Lack of cooperation between different trades Construction defect Use of unsuitable materials Lack of equipment Lack of safety device and measures Inadequate examination of equipment
Prevention of accidents inconstructionMechanical MaintenanceElectrical InstallationHousekeeping and Fire ProtectionChecklist
Safety Management Design Safety Construction Safety Safety while executing/constructing Fire safety Safety against natural calamities
Job Safety AnalysisJob safety analysis is an accident prevention technique that should be used with safety instruction, safety system of work and job safety training. This technique are used known as – SREDIM Select ( work to be studied) Record ( how work is done) Examine ( the total situation) Develop ( best method for doing work) Install ( this method into the company’s operational) Maintain ( this defined and measured method)
Safety which should also be takencare- Clients and contractor compliance with their agreed safety plan Level of clients supervision Clients & contractor safety management structures Construction safety audits Construction safety requirements On the job safety training Duty of care to general public