Report writing 1


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Report writing 1

  1. 1. Report writing
  2. 2.  Audience  Purpose  Scope  Style of reporting  Format  Table
  3. 3. Body of the report  Introduction  Design of the study  Result finding and discussion
  4. 4. Introduction  Theoretical background of the problem  Definition and formulation  The statement of the problem – why and how the problem was selected  Review of literature  Scope  Objective of the study  Hypothesis
  5. 5. Design of the study  Methodology  Source of data  Sampling plan  Data collection  Field work  Data processing  An overview  limitation
  6. 6. Result finding and discussion  Summary, conclusion & recommendation  Bibliography
  7. 7. Report 1. The title page 2. Preface including acknowledgement 3. List of tables 4. List of figures 5. List of abbreviations 6. Table of contents
  8. 8. Points to be noted: Format of Cover Page: “A Study of the financial Feasibility of Select Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) Projects in India” AThesis Submitted to UNIVERSITY OF PUNE FORTHE DEGREE OF DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY INTHE FACULTY OF MANAGEMENT BY AVDHOOT D. POL UNDERTTHE GUIDANCE OF DR. S. U. GAWADE
  9. 9.  TheTitle page: It carries concise and adequately descriptive title of the research study. It consist of 1.Name of the topic 2. Course or the degree for which it is conferred. 3.The name of the author 4. Name of the university 5.Name of the guide 6.Time duration  Preface including acknowledgement
  10. 10. Declaration by Student I hereby declare that the thesis entitled “Study of the financial feasibility of select Clean Development Mechanism in to (CDM) Projects in India” Submitted by me for the degree of Dr. of Philosophy is the record worked carried out by me under the guidance of Dr. S.U. Gawade and has not formed the basis for the award of any degree, Diploma, Fellowship title in this or any other university or examine body. I further declare that the material obtained other sources has been duly acknowledged in this thesis. Place: Date: Research Student
  11. 11. Certificate of the guide Certified that, the work incorporated in his thesis “A study of the financial feasibility of Select Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) Projects in India “ Submitted by Mr.A.D. Pol was carried out by the candidate under my Supervision/ GuidanceThe material obtained from other sources has been dulyAcknowledges in the thesis. Research Guide
  12. 12. List of tables Table no. Title of the table Page no. Table No. 1.1 Table No. 1.2 Table No. 1.3 Table No. 1.4
  13. 13. List of Figures Figures Title of the figure Page No. Figure No. 1.1 Figure No. 1.2 Figure No. 1.3
  14. 14. Abbreviation  All the abbreviation used in the thesis should be listed alphabetically for example:  ACCSs: Agricultural Credit Co- operative Societies  AMUL : Anand Milk Union Limited  DSO : District Statistical Office  EEC : European Economic Community  FYPC : Five-year Plans  GATT : GeneralAgreement on trade and Tariff  GOI : GOI  ICA : International CooperativeAlliance  IDA : International DevelopmentAssociation  IDC : Indian Diary Corporation  KDCMU : kaira District Cooperative milk Producers’ Union  KPD : kilograms Per day
  15. 15.  Table of Contents Introduction I. Problem studied II. Background information III. Research goals IV. Literature survey V. Hypotheses formulated. VI. Research design VII. Sampling design VIII. Data collection methods IX. Statistical techniques X. Results of data analysis  Observation or findings of study  Hypothesis Substantiated / un substantiated  Conclusions  Recommendations  References  Appendixes
  16. 16. The reference Material 1. Bibliography 2. Foot notes 3. Appendixes 4. Glossary of terms 5. Bibliography: It may be referred to all the documents which have bearing on the thesis irrespective of their being actually used or not in the text.The aim is to permit the reader to find exact item you consulted . 6. Foot Notes:They are called foot notes because they are traditionally placed at the foot of the page. Modern writer placed them at the end of the book/Thesis. Use of foot notes: 1. It indicates the source of the information. 2. Giving honors to original authors. 3. Guide reader for more details 4. Provide legal protection. How it is written ?  The name of the author,Title of the source, place of publication, publisher's name, date of publication and page numbers.  Example_ B.S.Agarwal,A guide to company deposited (Delhi: Publishing house: 1983) P.132
  17. 17. Appendix: AnAppendix is used for additional or supplementary material which are not found placed in the main text.  Questionnaire  Interviews  Complex table etc
  18. 18. • Good Research Report answer with following questions: • Title • Is it clear and concise • Does it suggest problem researcher has chosen? • Problem • Is the problem worthy of the researchers efforts? • Is it clearly stated? • Is the problem broken down in to sub- problem or question • Are specific questions raised: Hypotheses clearly stated, assumptions, Limitations, Stated • Are important terms defined? • Is review or related literature covered.
  19. 19. • Data collection • Is the research design describe in detail? • Is it adequate? • Are the population and sample are described properly? • Are relevant variables recognized? • Are data gathering instruments appropriate? • Data analysis • Is appropriate use made of tables and figures? • Is the essential discussion clear and concise? • Is the statistical treatment appropriate? • AreValidity and reliability established? • Summary and conclusions • Is the problem related? • Are the questions/ Hypothesis Restated? • Is the analysis, objective unbiased? • Are findings and conclusions justified by the data presented and analyzed? • Are conclusion based on evidence only? • Are recommendation made judiciously? • Whether topic for further research suggested?
  20. 20. •Form and style •Are table of contents,The list of tables, List of figures, Bibliography, and Appendixes etc are properly placed? •Are proper spacing, Punctuation, Spelling, Margin, pagination, etc follow ? •Are Headings, Foot notes, quotations, tables etc, properly arranged? •Is this style of writing precise, simple and direct ?
  21. 21. Evaluator Normally follow the following criteria for evaluation: 1. Social relevance 2. Scope of further research 3. Actual contribution of the study 4. Soundness of methodology 5. Research subject should be search which would change the world. e.g. C.K. Prahlad- Management thinker, with his innovative concepts change the world. e.g. 1. core competency of corporation 2. Bottom of pyramid. 3. stretch as a strategic lever(aspiration must be more than resources, which would be lead to innovation ) all the above ideas are accepted and implemented. Conclusion: • To conclude research must fact based. • socially relevant . • It should be useful in someway or the other. Chapter-Evaluation of thesis
  22. 22. Synopsis or Executive summary • It is the brief account of the research study which gives problem statement, sampling design, data collection methods used, a results of data analysis, finding and recommendation with suggestion for the implementation. • 75% Of the synopsis should consist of findings conclusion, recommendations and conclusions.