Literature revies

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Literature revies

  1. 1. LITERATURE REVIEW? The Literature Review examines recent research studies, company data or industry report that act as a basis for proposed study. The section begins with the related literature and relevant secondary data from a comprehensive perspective moving to more specific studies, that are associated with the research problem.
  2. 2. Literature Review  A Literature Review is summary of research that has been published about a particular subject.  It provides the reader with an idea about the current situation in terms of what has been done and what we know.  Sometimes it includes suggestions about what needs to be done to increase the knowledge and understanding of a particular problem.
  3. 3. Review of Literature ?  A Literature Review is an account of what has been published on a topic by accredited scholars and researchers.  As a piece of writing, the Literature Review must be defined by a guiding concept e.g. your research objective, the problem or issue you are discussing etc.
  4. 4. Literature Review?  Besides enlarging your knowledge about the topic, Literature Review lets you gain and demonstrate skills in two areas:  Information seeking : The ability to scan the literature efficiently using manual or computerized methods to identify a set of useful articles and books  Critical appraisal : The ability to apply principles and analysis to identify unbiased and valid studies.
  5. 5. What Literature Review should do ?  Be organized around and related directly to the research problem.  Synthesize results into a summary of what is and what is not  Identify areas of controversy in the literature.  Formulate question that need further research.
  6. 6. Ask these questions  What is the specific thesis or research question that my Literature Review helps me to define?  What type of Literature Review am I conducting? Am I looking at issues of theory? Methodology? Quantitative research or Qualitative research?  What is the scope of Literature Review? What type of publications am I using ?What discipline am I working in?
  7. 7. Ask these Questions  How good was my information seeking? Has my search been wide enough to ensure I have found all the relevant material? Is number of sources I have used appropriate for the length of my research?  Have I critically analyzed the literature I use? Do I follow through a set of concepts and questions, comparing items to each other in the ways they deal with them?
  8. 8. Ask these Questions  How I cited and discussed studies contrary to my perspective?  Will the reader find my literature review relevant, appropriate and useful?
  9. 9. Literature Review  If the problem has historical background, begin with the earliest references  Avoid the extraneous details of literature.  Do a brief review of information, not a comprehensive report.  Always refer to original source.  If you find something of interest in a quotation find the original publication and ensure that you understand it.
  10. 10. Literature Review  This will help you to avoid any errors of interpretation or transcription.  Emphasize the important results of cohesions of other studies.  The relevant data and trends from previous research.  Whether particular methods or designs that could be duplicated or should be avoided.
  11. 11. Literature Review  Discuss how the literature applies to the study the researcher is proposing.  Show weaknesses or faults in the design.  If your proposal solely deals with secondary data, discuss the relevance of the data and the bias or lack of bias inherent in it.  The Literature Review may also explain the need for the proposed work to appraise the shortcomings and or informational gaps in secondary data analysis.
  12. 12. Literature Review  The above analysis may go beyond ------ --- Scrutinizing the availability or conclusions of past studies and their data. ---- Examining the accuracy of secondary data sources ----- The credibility of these sources. ----- The appropriateness of earlier studies.
  13. 13. Literature Review  The articles used must be from professional journals, which means we can trust that the authors are trained professionals and others have examined their work.  Be sure you feel comfortable with your choices ,since it is difficult to summarize ideas that you don’t understand.  Once you have found the articles, read and take notes.  Write Literature Review from your notes.
  14. 14. Literature Review  Close Literature Review section by summarizing the important aspects of the literature and interpreting them in terms of your problem.  Refine the problem as necessary in the light of your findings.
  15. 15. Literature Review  In general Literature search has the following steps :  Define your research question.  Consult encyclopedia, handbooks and textbooks to identify key terms, people or events relevant to your research problem.  Apply these key terms, people or events in searching indexes, biographies and the work to identify specific secondary data.
  16. 16. Literature Review  Locate and review specific secondary sources for relevance.  Evaluate the value of each source and its content.
  17. 17. Literature Review Chapter  A Literature Review chapter usually has three sections : 1.Introduction : Introduce your topic and briefly explain why this literature is significant or important for study.
  18. 18. Literature Review Chapter 2.Summary of articles:  In a paragraph or two for each study, briefly explain the purpose, how it was conducted and the major findings.  When referring to an article, use last name of author or authors and date of publication in the text.
  19. 19. Literature Review Chapter 3.Conclusions : Briefly summarize the major findings of studies chosen.  References : List the studies used on a separate page according to APA style format.

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