Educational facts on India
India have the third largest higher education system in the world, behind China and the United
More than 630 universities, over 33000 affiliated colleges, 22000 professors and 1,69,74,883
students including 16,602 research students.
The national annual budget for education is USD 10.30 billion.
Commanding market force: India’s GDP is projected to surpass that of the US and Japan and be
second only to China by 2050.
Growing budgets: The institutional market in India for journal subscriptions is estimated at $175
million and growing.
Investment in R&D: In 2011, India pledged to double its R&D expenditures to 2% of GDP over the
next five years.
New institutions: The Indian government has announced the building of some five dozen new
institutions of higher learning.
New library consortia: Newly formed consortia are improving access to and increasing demand for
Type-wise Distribution of Degree awarding
Universities/ University level Institutions
Institute of National
Importance & Other
Institutions 65 (10%)
Faculty-wise Doctorate Degrees (Ph.D) awarded
Arts, 3490 (31%)
Science, 3742 (34%)
Education, 469 (4%)
Medicine, 337 (3%)
Agriculture, 573 (5%) Veterinary
Science, 150 (1%)
Law, 123 (1%) Others, 503 (5%)
Arts includes Humanities, Social Sciences, Languages etc.
Science includes Basic Science, Home Science, Computer Science and Computer
Medicine includes Ayurveda, Dentistry, Homeopathy, Nursing, Pharmacy, Public
Health/Social Preventive Medicine, Physiotherapy, Occupational Therapy and Siddha
Others includes Library and information Science, Fine Arts, Journalism and Mass
Communication, Physical Education, Social Work etc.
Expenditure on Higher Education in India
(As % of GDP)
2006-07 2007-08 2008-09 2009-10
Expenditure on Education (as % of GDP Higher Education as % GDP
Public Expenditure on Education- Sector-wise
Publically Funded R&D Organizations
• Dept. of Science & Technology, Atomic
Energy, Space, Electronics, Oceanography, Biotechnology.
Govt. Research Laboratories
• Council of Scientific and Industrial Research ,
• Indian Council of Medical Research,
• Indian Council of Agricultural Research,
• Indian Council of Social Sciences Research,
• Defence Research and Development Organisation,
• Indian Space Research Organisation.
Institutions of Higher Learning
• IISc, IITs, IISERs, IIITs, NITs, IIMs, Universities
Major Consortia in India
• NKRC (CSIR – DST)
• INDEST – AICTE Consortium
• UGC-INFONET Digital Library Consortium
• N – LIST (National Library and Information Services Infrastructure for Scholarly
• DAE Consortium
• CeRA (Consortium for e-Resources in Agriculture)
• DRDO E-Journals Consortium (DESIDOC)
• DeLCON (DBT Electronic Library Consortium)
• Electronic Resources in Medicine (ERMED)
• Health Science Library and Information Network (HELINET)
Growth Drivers in India
• About 50 billion Rupees (USD 1 Billion) is being spent annually on research and development in
• The third largest scientific and technical manpower in the World, accounts for 3% of the world’s
• It is estimated that there are 3,000-4,000 active scientists in India working in about 200
• Number of S&T personnel has been increasing @6% / year*.
Digital Library Support in India (Fund Sources)
• Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD)
• Department of Scientific & Industrial Research (DSIR-TRP)
• All India Council for Technical Education (AICTE)
• Ministry of Communication & Information Technology (MIT)
• University Grants Commission (UGC)
• Manuscript Mission