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FRICTION
Definition of Friction
"The opposing force, which acts in the
opposite direction of the movement of the
upper Body ,is called "FRICTION
FORCE", or simply “ FRICTION ".
Types of Friction
• Generally we classify the friction in two
categories –
(1) Static friction
(2) Dynamic friction
(1)Static friction : - when the body is in rest
condition then the friction force exerted
by the body is called "static friction".
(2) Dynamic friction
• when the body is in moving condition then
the friction force exerted by the body is
called is called "Dynamic friction“.
• Dynamic friction is also classified into
three categories - (i) sliding friction
(ii) Rolling friction
(iii) Pivot friction
(i) sliding friction : -
when a body slide over another body
then the friction force exerted by the body is called
"Sliding friction".
(ii) Rolling friction:-
A body which has balls or rollers
roles on the another body then the friction force exerted
by the second body on the first body is called "Rolling
friction".
(iii) Pivot friction:-
The friction force experienced by a
body , due to the motion of rotation as in case of foot
step bearings.
SOME OTHER TYPES OF
FRICTION
(i) Dry friction - Friction between two un -lubricated or dry surface.
(ii) Lubricated friction - Friction between two lubricated surface.
Lubricated friction can also be classified into two categories –
(a) Greasy friction - when there is a very thin layer of lubricant between
the surfaces.
(b) Fluid friction : - when we introduce a thick layer of lubricant between
two moving surfaces
WHERE FRICTION IS DESIRABLE
• During walking on the
road.
• In writing on the
paper.
• To hold or grabbing
something.
WHERE FRICTION IS NOT DESIRABLE
• During walking we
have to put extra
effort.
• Due to friction the life
of the machine part
reduced.
• it is not required in
mechanical parts
where two parts of
machine meet. A large effort required to
move this block than on
a smoother one.
LIMITING FRICTION FORCE
• The maximum value of the friction force
at which the body resting on the another
body start to slide.
If Limiting friction force is “F” and applied
force is “P”, then
(i) If F > P (no motion between two bodies)
(ii) If F = P (no motion between bodies)
(iii) If F = P (motion will be there)
NORMALREACTION/FORCE
• It is the net force
compressing two
parallel surface
together and the
direction of the
reaction force will be
perpendicular to the
surface on which its
act.
COEFFICIENT OF FRICTION
- "It is defined as the ratio of the ratio of the
limiting friction force to the normal reaction
force".
- It is represented by the "µ".
- it is given by -> µ = F / Fn
(limiting friction/normal reaction)
STATIC FRICTION
• "When friction occurs between two bodies
which are not in motion then the friction is
known as STATIC FRICTION“, and it is
represented by "µs".
• It is given by
F {max} = µs * Fn
DYNAMIC FRICTION
“ When the friction
occurs between two
bodies which have
relative motion to
each other, then the
friction is known as
the DYNAMIC
FRICTION“, and it is
represented by "µ"or
"µd".
F {max} = µ * Fn.
ANGLE OF REPOSE
"The minimum inclination of
any plane to the
horizontal is such that the
body resting on the
inclined plane tend to
move down the plane,
then this minimum
inclination of the plane is
known as ANGLE OF
REPOSE".
LAWS OF STATIC FRICTION
i. The applied force will be equal in
magnitude with friction force.
ii. The ratio of the limiting friction force to
the normal reaction force is called
coefficient of static friction.
iii. The force of friction is dependent on the
roughness of the surface but
independent on the area of contact.
LAWS OF DYNAMIC FRICTION
i. The direction of the friction force will be
opposite to the direction of motion of the
body.
ii. The ratio of the dynamic friction to the
normal reaction is a constant.
iii. As we increase the speed of the moving
body then the friction force decrease.
LAWS OF SOLID FRICTION
i. The force of friction is dependent on the
material of the surface but independent on
the relative velocity of the sliding body and
area of contact surface.
ii. The friction force is directly proportional to
the normal reaction force.
LAWS OF FLUID FRICTION
i. The friction force is different for different
lubricants.
ii. The friction force is independent on the
load as well as substances of the bearing
surfaces.
iii. The friction force reduce with increasing
in the temperature of the lubricant.
For more details visit
www.studyhubz.com
Thank you

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Friction, types of friction and different laws of friction

  • 2. Definition of Friction "The opposing force, which acts in the opposite direction of the movement of the upper Body ,is called "FRICTION FORCE", or simply “ FRICTION ".
  • 3. Types of Friction • Generally we classify the friction in two categories – (1) Static friction (2) Dynamic friction (1)Static friction : - when the body is in rest condition then the friction force exerted by the body is called "static friction".
  • 4. (2) Dynamic friction • when the body is in moving condition then the friction force exerted by the body is called is called "Dynamic friction“. • Dynamic friction is also classified into three categories - (i) sliding friction (ii) Rolling friction (iii) Pivot friction
  • 5. (i) sliding friction : - when a body slide over another body then the friction force exerted by the body is called "Sliding friction". (ii) Rolling friction:- A body which has balls or rollers roles on the another body then the friction force exerted by the second body on the first body is called "Rolling friction". (iii) Pivot friction:- The friction force experienced by a body , due to the motion of rotation as in case of foot step bearings.
  • 6. SOME OTHER TYPES OF FRICTION (i) Dry friction - Friction between two un -lubricated or dry surface. (ii) Lubricated friction - Friction between two lubricated surface. Lubricated friction can also be classified into two categories – (a) Greasy friction - when there is a very thin layer of lubricant between the surfaces. (b) Fluid friction : - when we introduce a thick layer of lubricant between two moving surfaces
  • 7. WHERE FRICTION IS DESIRABLE • During walking on the road. • In writing on the paper. • To hold or grabbing something.
  • 8. WHERE FRICTION IS NOT DESIRABLE • During walking we have to put extra effort. • Due to friction the life of the machine part reduced. • it is not required in mechanical parts where two parts of machine meet. A large effort required to move this block than on a smoother one.
  • 9. LIMITING FRICTION FORCE • The maximum value of the friction force at which the body resting on the another body start to slide. If Limiting friction force is “F” and applied force is “P”, then (i) If F > P (no motion between two bodies) (ii) If F = P (no motion between bodies) (iii) If F = P (motion will be there)
  • 10. NORMALREACTION/FORCE • It is the net force compressing two parallel surface together and the direction of the reaction force will be perpendicular to the surface on which its act.
  • 11. COEFFICIENT OF FRICTION - "It is defined as the ratio of the ratio of the limiting friction force to the normal reaction force". - It is represented by the "µ". - it is given by -> µ = F / Fn (limiting friction/normal reaction)
  • 12. STATIC FRICTION • "When friction occurs between two bodies which are not in motion then the friction is known as STATIC FRICTION“, and it is represented by "µs". • It is given by F {max} = µs * Fn
  • 13. DYNAMIC FRICTION “ When the friction occurs between two bodies which have relative motion to each other, then the friction is known as the DYNAMIC FRICTION“, and it is represented by "µ"or "µd". F {max} = µ * Fn.
  • 14. ANGLE OF REPOSE "The minimum inclination of any plane to the horizontal is such that the body resting on the inclined plane tend to move down the plane, then this minimum inclination of the plane is known as ANGLE OF REPOSE".
  • 15. LAWS OF STATIC FRICTION i. The applied force will be equal in magnitude with friction force. ii. The ratio of the limiting friction force to the normal reaction force is called coefficient of static friction. iii. The force of friction is dependent on the roughness of the surface but independent on the area of contact.
  • 16. LAWS OF DYNAMIC FRICTION i. The direction of the friction force will be opposite to the direction of motion of the body. ii. The ratio of the dynamic friction to the normal reaction is a constant. iii. As we increase the speed of the moving body then the friction force decrease.
  • 17. LAWS OF SOLID FRICTION i. The force of friction is dependent on the material of the surface but independent on the relative velocity of the sliding body and area of contact surface. ii. The friction force is directly proportional to the normal reaction force.
  • 18. LAWS OF FLUID FRICTION i. The friction force is different for different lubricants. ii. The friction force is independent on the load as well as substances of the bearing surfaces. iii. The friction force reduce with increasing in the temperature of the lubricant.
  • 19. For more details visit www.studyhubz.com Thank you