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Makkah-Madinah ep.19


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Islam in Early Madinian Phase

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Makkah-Madinah ep.19

  1. 1. MAKKAH-MADINAHMangkajiKisahMenyandingHikmahNabawiyah<br />s.1 ep.19<br />Early MadinianPeriods<br />
  2. 2. Timeline (Meccan Period)<br />Isra’ Mi’raj<br />Iqra’, Al-Mudatsir<br />Economic and social embargo<br />Muslims of Yatsrib<br />As-Syuara: 214, Al-Hijr: 94<br />Pledge of Aqaba 1,2<br />Events<br />Proclaim<br />Death of Khadija<br />Abyssinia 1 and 2<br />Umar & Hamza become muslim<br />Death of Abu Thalib<br />Prosecution<br />Stages<br />Secretive phase<br />Dawah beyond the Meccan<br />Declaration of Islam<br />
  3. 3. Timeline (MadiNiAnPeriod)<br />Build the MasjidQuba’<br />Hijra<br />Events<br />Build the MasjidNabawi<br />Stages<br />
  4. 4. HIJRAH<br />Description of rasulullah SAW [1] Hind ibnAbiHala [2] Umm Ma’bad<br /><ul><li>“I saw a man externally bright; fair of face (beautiful face). His form was not blemished (The slimness of his body); he was not afflicted by extreme leanness (he was not thin), he was not plump but beautifully proportioned (He radiated beauty); his eyes were deep set (they were black); his eyelids were bushy (he had long eyelashes); his voice was melody (throaty and beautiful); his neck was prominent (long); his beard was dense (ample hair); curved furrows (long arched eyebrows). If silent, he possessed dignity, when he spoke, its elevation and loftiness was beautiful. He is the most beautiful person, beautiful from afar and stunning when close. Delightful speech with pauses, without jest or nonsense (speech between a little and a lot). His speech is like the beads of a necklace cut (he would not speak excessively or moderately). His height does not harm and the eye is not taken over by him, a branch between two branches, he is more radiant than them and he is most respected.His colleagues would surround him, if he said something they would listen attentively, if he ordered then they would hasten to perform it, his entourage (He had some companions with him who would obey him), without frowning or refusing (without frowning on the face and speech free from dislike)."</li></li></ul><li>HIJRAH<br />Chased by Bounty Hunter <br /><ul><li>Suraqah was sitting in a company of his tribesmen. He listened to them talking about three travellers moving towards Yathrib on some unused route. Suraqah assured them that they were some people he knew. He assured them that he had met that small group a few days earlier. Deep inside he hoped those traveller were Muhammad (pbuh) and Abu Bakr. He had the intention of catching up with them and claim this reward. </li></ul> After a short while, Suraqah set off towards the group, with his horse galloping at full pace making up lost ground. As he got closer, his horse stumbled causing him to fall onto the ground. Suraqah consulted his arrows, which advised him not to continue. However, Suraqah continued moving towards the small group of travellers. Again he fell off the horse as its front legs sank into the sand. Suraqah was startled but again he continued. <br /> From this, he realised that this was no normal group of people and that Muhammad was indeed someone special. He decided to talk to Muhammad (pbuh) and also requested for his protection. After one of the companions wrote this down. Suraqah left their company knowing that he had met a prophet of Allah. He also felt that Muhammad (pbuh) would surely conquer all Arabia.<br />
  5. 5. HIJRAH<br />Arrived at Qiba<br /><ul><li>Bukhari: Narrated 'Urwa bin Az-Zubair: Allah's Apostle met Az-Zubair in a caravan of Muslim merchants who were returning from Sham. Az-Zubair provided Allah's Apostle and Abu Bakr with white clothes to wear. When the Muslims of Medina heard the news of the departure of Allah's Apostle from Mecca (towards Medina), they started going to the Harra every morning . They would wait for him till the heat of the noon forced them to return. One day, after waiting for a long while, they returned home, and when they went into their houses, a Jew climbed up the roof of one of the forts of his people to look for some thing, and he saw Allah's Apostle and his companions dressed in white clothes, emerging out of the desert mirage.
  6. 6. Monday on Rabi’ulAwwal
  7. 7. Stay for more than 10 days (12-14 days)
  8. 8. Build the first masjid based on taqwa – MasjidQiba
  9. 9. Ali ibnAbiThalib catch-up
  10. 10. Left for Yatsrib on Friday morning and pray Jumah on the way to Yatsrib – now known as Madina</li></li></ul><li>HIJRAH<br />Arrived at Yatsrib<br /><ul><li>So the Prophet went on till he alighted near the house of Abu Ayyub. While the Prophet was speaking with the family members of Abu Ayyub, …..
  11. 11. Then Allah's Prophet said, "Which is the nearest of the houses of our Kith and kin?" Abu Ayyubreplied, "Mine, O Allah's Prophet! This is my house and this is my gate." The Prophet said, "Go and prepare a place for our midday rest." Abu Ayyubsaid, "Get up (both of you) with Allah's Blessings."
  12. 12. The first task was the construction of a Masjid, in the very site where his camel knelt down. The land, which belonged to two orphans, was purchased. The himself contributed to building the Mosque by carrying bricks and stones while reciting verses: “Allahumalaisaaisyulakhirah, faghfirlilanshoriwalmuhajirah."</li></li></ul><li>HIJRAH<br />Construction of MasjidNabawi<br /><ul><li>Masjid: The hearth of community
  13. 13. 30m wide x 35m length with 3 doors (east =babul Jibril, west=baburrahmanand south)
  14. 14. The house of Prophet, 2 small room (Al-Hujarat)
  15. 15. The call of prayer:
  16. 16. Raising flag
  17. 17. Blow a horn – imitate Jews
  18. 18. Using bell – imitate Christians
  19. 19. The true dream of Abdullah ibnZaid al Anshari</li></ul>A man come to him and teach him Adzan<br />Umaribn Al-Khattab second the idea<br />Bilal was the first Muadzin<br />N<br />Sawdah<br />‘Aisyah<br />