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香港六合彩

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有个笑话让人笑不香港六合彩起来,1986年的“画展”发的文件有这样一香港六合彩句话:“……绘画的素材分香港六合彩中国画、水墨画、油画、素描,每种素材设一个香港六合彩冠军。”稍微有点美术知识的人都懂得,文件中所说香港六合彩的实际上是画种,是艺术表现形式,而不能叫“素材。”“素材”是香港六合彩什么?《现代汉语词典》上解释得很明白:“文学、艺术香港六合彩的原始材料,就是未经总括和提炼的实际生活现象。”看来,他们这些人不仅仅不懂香港六合彩艺术,连这么简单的中国词语都搞不清楚。
  就是香港六合彩这届“画展”,他们找了一个学校的几个人组香港六合彩成评判团,自然就评上了这个学校L的作品为水墨画冠军。老实说香港六合彩,这个人画的画实在难以恭维,不说功夫,连基本功香港六合彩都成问题。但他会拉关系,是个善于给当权人香港六合彩物拎皮包的角色。他当了冠军,麻烦跟着就来了。这个香港六合彩学校还有个X先生,年龄不小了,画画只是个老香港六合彩童生,也是连边款上的字都写不好,他也有水墨画作品参展。他的画不行,但他是那馆长香港六合彩的哥们儿,没评上冠军可不依了,就大吵大闹起香港六合彩来。结果呢?水墨画这一项“素材” 就定了两个“冠军”,各奖四千块钱,两人的画香港六合彩都被买下来收藏,又有一笔收入进帐

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香港六合彩

  1. 1. Chapter 1 車載通訊技術簡介
  2. 2. Outline <ul><li>1.1 智慧型運輸系統 (ITS) 簡介 </li></ul><ul><li>1.2 Telematics 簡介 </li></ul><ul><li>1.3 Telematics 與 ITS 的關係 </li></ul><ul><li>1.4 現有車載通訊之無線傳輸技術 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1.4.1 WLAN </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1.4.2 Bluetooth </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1.4.3 Zigbee </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1.4.4 WiMax </li></ul></ul><ul><li>1.5 車載通訊相關技術 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1.5.1 換手機制 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1.5.2 功率控制技術 </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. References <ul><li>[1] 羅坤榮 , Telematics 應用服務與定位技術 , 中華電信研究所 </li></ul><ul><li>[2] 李強 , Telematics 展望與機會分析 , 拓墣產業研究所 IA 研究中心 , Jan. 2004. </li></ul><ul><li>[3] 莊秉文 , Telematics 應用現況與技術趨勢 , 交通大學電信工程學系 . </li></ul><ul><li>[4] 楊中舜 , Telematics 軟體與應用服務整合技術 , 工研院電通所 , Dec. 2005. </li></ul><ul><li>[5] 邱建清 , 802.11 無線區域網路技術回顧與展望 , Dec. 7, 2007. </li></ul><ul><li>[6] Horst Wieker, Arno Hinsberger, Wolfram Seibert, “Potential Impact of Vehicle to Vehicle and Vehicle to Infrastructure Communication on Future Safety and Efficiency Applications for Commercial Vehicles,” Telematics for Commercial Vehicles, Munich, Mai 24th 2007. </li></ul><ul><li>[7] Peter Malmberg, “Modern Architectures within Telematics and Bluetooth,” Telematics Seminar,Berlin, Sep. 2003. </li></ul>
  4. 4. References <ul><li>[8] E. Callaway, P. Gorday, L. Hester, J. A. Gutierrez, M. Naeve, B. Heile, and V. Bahl, “Home networking with IEEE 802.15.4: a developing standard for low-rate wireless personal area networks,” IEEE Communications Magazine, vol. 40, Aug. 2002. </li></ul><ul><li>[9] IEEE 802.15 WPAN Low Rate Alternative PHY Task Group 4a (TG4a), http://www.ieee802.org/15/pub/TG4a.html </li></ul><ul><li>[10] Zigbee Ready Wireless Monitoring, “PMVision-Designing from concept production”. </li></ul><ul><li>[11] Deepak Pareek, The Business of WiMAX, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., 2006. </li></ul><ul><li>[12] Hemant Kumar Rath, Abhijeet Bhorkar, and Vishal Sharma, &quot;An Opportunistic Uplink Scheduling Scheme to Achieve Bandwidth Fairness and Delay for Multiclass Traffic in Wi-Max (IEEE 802.16) Broadband Wireless Networks&quot;, IEEE GLOBECOM 2006. </li></ul>
  5. 5. References <ul><li>[13] 802.16e-2005 and IEEE Std 802.16-2004/Cor1-2005 IEEE Standard for Local and Metropolitan Area Networks Part 16: Air Interface for Fixed and Mobile Broadband Wireless Access Systems Amendment 2: Physical and Medium Access Control Layers for Combined Fixed and Mobile Operation in Licensed Bands and Corrigendum 1 </li></ul><ul><li>[14] IEEE 802.16-2001, IEEE Standard for Local and Metropolitan Area Networks - Part 16: Air Interface for Fixed Broadband Wireless Access Systems, Apr. 2002 </li></ul>
  6. 6. References <ul><li>[15] IEEE 802.16e/D5-2004, Part 16: Air Interface for Fixed and Mobile Broadband Wireless Access Systems - Amendment for Physical and Medium Access Control Layers for Combined Fixed and Mobile Operation in Licensed Bands, Nov. 2004. </li></ul><ul><li>[16] Y. Xiao, “Energy saving mechanism in the IEEE 802.16e wireless MAN,” IEEE Commun. Lett., vol. 9, pp. 595-597, July 2005. </li></ul><ul><li>[17] Y. Zhang and M. Fujise, “Energy Management in the IEEE 802.16e MAC ,” IEEE Commun. Lett., vol. 10, pp. 311-313, April 2006. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Chapter 2 現有車載通訊技術
  8. 8. Outline <ul><li>2.1 DSRC (Dedicated Short Range Communications) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>2.1.1 Overview and Introduction </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2.1.2 Applications for DSRC </li></ul></ul><ul><li>2.2 Mobile Wireless Sensor Network (mWSN) </li></ul><ul><li>2.2.1 Overview and Introduction </li></ul><ul><li>2.2.2 Applications for Mobile WSN </li></ul><ul><li>2.3 FlaxRay </li></ul><ul><li>2.3.1 Introduction </li></ul><ul><li>2.3.2 車用網路分類 </li></ul><ul><li>2.3.3 FlexRay 架構與技術簡介 </li></ul>
  9. 9. References <ul><li>[1] 交通部運輸研究所 , http://www.iot.gov.tw/ </li></ul><ul><li>[2] 中華智慧型運輸系統協會 , http://www.its-taiwan.org.tw/ </li></ul><ul><li>[3] ITS America, http://www.itsa.org/standards </li></ul><ul><li>[4] Multimedia Car Platform, http://mcp.fantastic.ch/ </li></ul><ul><li>[5] Dedicated Short Range Communications (DSRC), http://www.leearmstrong.com/DSRC/DSRCHomeset.htm </li></ul><ul><li>[6] 張建彥 ( 交通部運研所 ), “ 台灣地區智慧型運輸系統 (ITS) 之發展與建置策略 ,” 多媒體技術在 ITS 系統上之應用研討會講義 , 2002. </li></ul><ul><li>[7] 尤淨纓 ( 工研院電通所 ), “ITS 服務及其商業模式 ,” 多媒體技術在 ITS 系統上之應用研討會講義 , 2002. </li></ul><ul><li>[8] 鐘世忠 ( 交大電信系 ), “DSRC 技術及在 ITS 上之應用 ,” 多媒體技術在 ITS 系統上之應用研討會講義 , 2002. </li></ul><ul><li>[9] 李進農 ( 工研院電通所 ), “ 數位廣播在 ITS 上之應用 ,” 多媒體技術在 ITS 系統上之應用研討會講義 , 2002. </li></ul>
  10. 10. References <ul><li>[10] Sam Oyama, ITS Telematics and Land Mobile Communication Systems, DSRC International Task Force, December 3, 2003. </li></ul><ul><li>[11] DSRCHomeset http://www.leearmstrong.com/DSRC/DSRCHomeset.htm </li></ul><ul><li>[12] U. Lee, E. Magistretti, B. Zhou, M. Gerla, P. Bellavista, and A. Corradi, &quot;Efficient Data Harvesting in Mobile Sensor Platforms,“ in Second IEEE International Workshop on Sensor Networks and Systems for Pervasive Computing (PerSeNS 2006), 2006, pp. 352- 356. </li></ul><ul><li>[13] U. Lee, E. Magistretti, B. Zhou, M. Gerla, P. Bellavista, and A. Corradi, &quot;MobEyes: Smart Mobs for Urban Monitoring with a Vehicular Sensor Network,&quot; IEEE Wireless Communications, vol. 13, pp. 52-57, 2006. </li></ul><ul><li>[14] NSF Workshop on Data Management for Mobile Sensor Networks (MobiSensors), http://mobisensors.cs.pitt.edu/ </li></ul>
  11. 11. Chapter 3 Flex Ray 車載通訊技術組成與架構
  12. 12. Outline <ul><li>3.1 Introduction </li></ul><ul><li>3.2 Network Topology Node Architecture </li></ul><ul><li>3.3 Frame Format </li></ul><ul><li>3.4 Coding and Decoding (CODEC) Process </li></ul><ul><li>3.5 Protocol Operation Control (POC) Process </li></ul><ul><li>3.6 Communication Cycle </li></ul><ul><li>3.7 Media Access Control </li></ul><ul><li>3.8 Clock Synchronization Processing (CSP) </li></ul>
  13. 13. References <ul><li>[1] FlexRay Communications System Protocol Specification, Version 2.1 Revision A. </li></ul>
  14. 14. Chapter 4 Metropolitan Area Network for Vehicular Communications
  15. 15. Outline <ul><li>4.1 Introduction </li></ul><ul><li>4.2 WiMAX / IEEE 802.16 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>4.2.1 WiMAX Development in the World </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>4.2.2 Technology Specification of WiMAX and WiBro </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>4.2.3 WiMAX Testing and Certification </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>4.2.4 WiMAX/WiBro Future Prospect </li></ul></ul><ul><li>4.3 MBWA / IEEE 802.20 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>IEEE 802.20 Mission and Project Scope </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>IEEE 802.20 Related News </li></ul></ul><ul><li>4.4 The Comparison with WiMAX and MBWA </li></ul><ul><li>4.5 The Applications for Vehicular Communication Systems </li></ul>
  16. 16. References <ul><li>[1] IEEE Std 802.16. IEEE Standard for Local and Metropolitan Area Networks Part 16: Air Interface for Fixed Broadband Wireless Access Systems, 2004. </li></ul><ul><li>[2] IEEE Std 802.16e. IEEE Standard for Local and metropolitan area networks, Part 16: Air Interface for Fixed and Mobile Broadband Wireless Access Systems, 2005. </li></ul><ul><li>[3] Fan Wang, Amitava Ghosh, Chandy Sankaran and Phil Fleming, “WiMAX Overview and System Performance,” Proceedings of IEEE Vehicular Technology Conference, pp. 1-5, Sept. 2006. </li></ul><ul><li>[4] W. Bolton, Yang Xiao and M. Guizani, “IEEE 802.20: Mobile Broadband Wireless Access,” IEEE Wireless Communications, vol. 14, Issue 1, pp. 8-95, Feb. 2007. </li></ul>
  17. 17. Chapter 5 Routing Protocols
  18. 18. Outline <ul><li>5.1 Introduction </li></ul><ul><li>5.2 Routing Metrics </li></ul><ul><li>5.3 Routing Protocols for Ad Hoc Networks </li></ul><ul><ul><li>5.3.1 Ad Hoc On-demand Distance Vector Routing Protocol (AODV) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>5.3.2 Dynamic Source Routing Protocol (DSR) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>5.3.3 Zone Routing Protocol (ZRP) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>5.3.4 Optimized Link State Routing Protocol (OLSR) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>5.3.5 Bandwidth Aware Routing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>5.3.6 Position-based Routing Protocols </li></ul></ul><ul><li>5.4 Proposed Routing for IEEE 802.11s WLAN Mesh Networking </li></ul><ul><ul><li>5.4.1 Airtime Routing Metric </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>5.4.2 Hybrid Wireless Mesh Protocol (HWMP) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>5.4.3 Radio Aware Optimized Link State Routing (RA-OLSR) </li></ul></ul>
  19. 19. References <ul><li>[1] Yan Zhang, Jijun Luo and Honhlin Hu, Wireless Mesh Networking: Architectures , Protocols and Standards, Auerbach Publications, December, 2006. </li></ul><ul><li>[2] Royer, E. M., and C. K. Toh, “A Review of Current Routing Protocols for Ad Hoc Mobile Wireless Networks,” IEEE Personal Communications, Apr. 1999. </li></ul><ul><li>[3]YalingYang, JunWang, and Robin Kravets, ‘‘Designing Routing Metrics for Mesh Networks,’’ Proceedings of IEEEWiMesh2005, Santa Clara, CA, September 2005. </li></ul><ul><li>[4] Douglas S.J. Couto, Daniel Aguayo, John Bicket, and Robert Morris, ‘‘A High-Throughput Path Metric for Multi-Hop Wireless Routing,’’ Proceedings of ACM MobiCom 2003, San Diego, CA, September 2003. </li></ul><ul><li>[5] Charles E. Perkins, Elizabeth M. Belding-Royer, and Samir R. Das, ‘‘Ad hoc On-Demand Distance Vector (AODV) Routing,’’ IETF Experimental RFC 3561, July 2003. </li></ul><ul><li>[6] Charles E. Perkins, Elizabeth M. Royer, Samir R. Das, and Mahesh K. Marina, ‘‘Performance Comparison of Two On-Demand Routing Protocols for Ad hoc Networks,’’ IEEE Personal Communications, Feb. 2001. </li></ul>
  20. 20. References <ul><li>[7] David B. Johnson, David A. Maltz, and Yih-Chun Hu, ‘‘The Dynamic Source Routing Protocol for Mobile Ad hoc Networks (DSR),’’ http:// www.ietf.org/ internet-drafts/draft-ietf-manet-dsr-10.txt, July 2004, IETF Internet Draft, work in progress. </li></ul><ul><li>[8] Z.J. Haas an d M.R. Pearlman, ‘‘The Zone Routing Protocol (ZRP) for Ad Hoc Networks,’’ http:// www.ietf.org/ internet-drafts /draft-ietf-manet-zone-zrp-02.txt, June 1999, IETF Internet Draft, work in progress. </li></ul><ul><li>[9] Thomas Heide Clausen and Philippe Jacquet (eds.), ‘‘Optimized Link State Routing Protocol (OLSR),’’ IETF Experimental RFC 3626, October 2003. </li></ul><ul><li>[10] Martin Mauve, Jörg Widmer, and Hannes Hartenstein, ‘‘A Survey on Position- Based Routing in Mobile Ad hoc Networks,’’ IEEE Network, December 2001. </li></ul><ul><li>[11] Ko, Y. B., and N. H. Vaidya, “Location-Aided Routing in Mobile Ad Hoc Networks,” Proc. of the ACM/IEEE MOBICOM 98 , Oct. 1998. </li></ul><ul><li>[12] IEEE P802.11sTM/D0.01, draft amendment to standard IEEE 802.11TM: ESS Mesh Networking, March 2006. </li></ul><ul><li>[13] W. Steven Conner et al., ‘‘IEEE 802.11 TGs Usage Models,’’ IEEE P802.11 Wireless LANs, document 11-04/0662r16, January 2005. </li></ul><ul><li>[14] Atsushi Iwata, Ching-Chuan Chiang, Guangyu Pei, Mario Gerla, and Tsu-Wei Chen, ‘‘Scalable Routing Strategies for Ad hoc Wireless Networks,’’ IEEE Journal on Selected Areas in Communications, vol. 17, no. 8, August 1999. </li></ul>
  21. 21. Chapter 6 Location Based Techniques
  22. 22. Outline <ul><li>6.1 Introduction: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>6.1.1The Impact of Location Discovery on Ad Hoc Networks </li></ul></ul><ul><li>6.2 Location Discovery Overview </li></ul><ul><ul><li>6.2.1 Measurement Technologies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>6.2.2 Geometric Algorithms for Location Discovery </li></ul></ul><ul><li>6.3 Location Discovery in The Presence of Errors </li></ul><ul><ul><li>6.3.1 Sources of Error </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>6.3.2 Atomic Multilateration </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>6.3.3 Localization Accuracy Metrics </li></ul></ul><ul><li>6.4 Ad Hoc Techniques for Location Discovery </li></ul><ul><ul><li>6.4.1 Challenges in Ad Hoc Localization Systems </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>6.4.2 Existing Ad Hoc Localization Approaches </li></ul></ul><ul><li>6.5 The Application of LBTs on ITS </li></ul>
  23. 23. References <ul><li>[1] Axel Kupper, Location-Based Services : Fundamentals and Operation , John Wiley & Sons Inc., New York, October, 2005. </li></ul><ul><li>[2] Stefano Basagni Marco conti, Silvia Giordano and Ivan Stoimenoviċ, MOBILE AD HOC NETWORKING , IEEE Press–Wiley, August 2004. </li></ul><ul><li>[3] N. Bulusu, J. Heidemann, and D. Estrin, “GPS-Less Low Cost Outdoor Localization For Very Small Devices,” IEEE Personal Communications Magazine, Special Issue on Networking the Physical World, August 2000. </li></ul><ul><li>[4] S. Capkun, M. Hamdi, and J. P. Hubaux, “GPS-Free Positioning in Mobile Ad-Hoc Networks,” in Proceedings of Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences, HICCSS-34 Jan, 2001. </li></ul><ul><li>[5] P. Castro, P. Chiu, and R. Muntz, “A Probabilistic Location Service for Wireless Network Environments,”in Proceedings of Ubicomp 2001. </li></ul><ul><li>[6]J. Hightower and G. Boriello, “Location Systems for Ubiquitous Computing,” IEEE Computer, 34(8), 57–66, Aug 2001. </li></ul>
  24. 24. References <ul><li>[7]T. Imielinski and J. Navas, “GPS-Based Geographic Addressing, Routing and Resource Discovery,” Communications of the ACM, 42, 4, April 1999. </li></ul><ul><li>[8] J. Li, J. Jannotti, D. S. J. De Couto, D. Karger, and R. Morris, “A Scalable Location Service for Geographic Ad-Hoc Routing,” in Proceedings of Mobicom 2000. </li></ul><ul><li>[9] D. Nicolescu and B. Nath, “Ad-Hoc Positioning System,” in Proceedings of IEEE GlobeCom, November 2001. </li></ul><ul><li>[10] A. Savvides, C. C. Han, and M.B. Srivastava, “Dynamic Fine-Grained Localization in Ad-Hoc Networks of Sensors,” in Proceedings of Fifth Annual International Conference on Mobile Computing and Networking, Mobicom, pp. 166–179, Rome, Italy, July 2001. </li></ul><ul><li>[11] A. Savvides, H. Park, and M. B. Srivastava, “The Bits and Flops of the n-Hop Multilateration Primitive for Node localization Problems,” in Proceedings of the First International Conference on Wireless Sensor Networks and Applications, Mobicom, September 2002. </li></ul><ul><li>[12] S. Slijepcevic, S. Megerian, and M. Potkonjak. “Location Errors in Wireless Embedded Sensor Networks: sources, Models, and Effects on Applications.” ACM Mobile Computing and Communications Review, 6, 3, 67–78, 2002. </li></ul>
  25. 25. 評分方式 <ul><li>實習作業 : 40% </li></ul><ul><li>期末報告 : 30% </li></ul><ul><li>期末考 : 30% </li></ul>

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