系统 图解术语-22-性状

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系统 图解术语-22-性状

  1. 1. 杨明山 《医学英语快速阅读》 第 22 章 性状 图解术语
  2. 2. 高 <ul><li>high </li></ul><ul><li>hyper- </li></ul><ul><li>译法多样 </li></ul><ul><li>hypso- </li></ul><ul><li>= height </li></ul>
  3. 3. High blood pressure <ul><li>hyper - </li></ul><ul><li>+ </li></ul><ul><li>tens- </li></ul><ul><li>+ </li></ul><ul><li>-ion </li></ul>
  4. 4. hyper plasia 增生 [  ] <ul><li>hyper- + plas- + -ia </li></ul>
  5. 5. hyper trophy 肥大 [  ] <ul><li>Hyper - + -trophy </li></ul>
  6. 6. Hypsi cephaly [  ] <ul><li>Hypsi- + cephal- + -y </li></ul>( oxy cephaly) 尖头畸形
  7. 7. Hypso dont 长冠牙的 (食草哺乳动物 ) [  ] <ul><li>hyps- + dont </li></ul>
  8. 8. 低 <ul><li>low </li></ul><ul><li>below normal </li></ul><ul><li>deficient </li></ul><ul><li>under </li></ul><ul><li>sub- </li></ul>
  9. 9. hypo thalamus 下丘脑 [  ] <ul><li>Hypo- + -thalamus </li></ul>
  10. 10. Hypo xia 缺氧 [  ] <ul><li>Hypo- + ox- + -ia </li></ul>
  11. 11. Hypoxia-induced apoptosis
  12. 12. Hypo capnia 低碳酸血症 [  ] Hypo- + capno- + -ia
  13. 14. 多 <ul><li>many </li></ul><ul><li>much </li></ul><ul><li>multi- </li></ul><ul><li>poly- </li></ul>
  14. 15. many discipline 多学科 <ul><li>Multi- + discipline </li></ul>
  15. 17. Multi focal breast cancer 多灶性乳腺癌 <ul><li>Multi- + foco- + -al </li></ul>
  16. 18. Multifocal breast cancer
  17. 19. 3- poly - symptoms of Diabetes <ul><li>poly - + dips- + -ia 多饮 </li></ul><ul><li>poly - + phag- + -ia 多食 </li></ul><ul><li>poly - + uro- + -ia 多尿 </li></ul>
  18. 20. poly dipsia 多饮 [    ]
  19. 21. poly phagia 多食 [  ]
  20. 22. poly uria 多尿 [  ]
  21. 23. 少 <ul><li>few </li></ul><ul><li>little </li></ul><ul><li>deficient </li></ul><ul><li>oligo- </li></ul><ul><li>-penia </li></ul>Fe-deficiency
  22. 24. Olig uria 少尿 <ul><li>Oligo- + uro- + -ia </li></ul>[  ]
  23. 25. Oligo cardia 心动过缓 <ul><li>oligo- + cardio- + -ia </li></ul>
  24. 26. oligo menorrhea 月经过少 <ul><li>oligo- + meno- + -rrhea </li></ul>[   ]
  25. 27. oligo menorrhea 月经过少 <ul><li>oligo- </li></ul><ul><li>+ </li></ul><ul><li>meno- </li></ul><ul><li>+ </li></ul><ul><li>-rrhea </li></ul>
  26. 28. oligo menorrhea
  27. 29. oligo menorrhea
  28. 30. oligo hydramnios 羊水过少 <ul><li>oligo- </li></ul><ul><li>+ </li></ul><ul><li>hydro- </li></ul><ul><li>+ </li></ul><ul><li>-amnios </li></ul>[  ]
  29. 31. oligo leukocytohemia 白细胞减少 <ul><li>oligo- + leuko- + cyto- + hemo- + -ia </li></ul>
  30. 32. leuko penia 白细胞减少 <ul><li>Leuko- + peno- + -ia </li></ul>[  ]
  31. 33. 大 <ul><li>large </li></ul><ul><li>Macro- </li></ul><ul><li>meg a- </li></ul><ul><li>meg alo- </li></ul><ul><li>- meg aly </li></ul>宏伟的
  32. 34. <ul><li>large </li></ul><ul><li>Macro- </li></ul><ul><li>mega - </li></ul><ul><li>mega lo- </li></ul><ul><li>- mega ly </li></ul>大
  33. 35. 宏伟的 大 <ul><li>large </li></ul><ul><li>Macro- </li></ul><ul><li>meg a- </li></ul><ul><li>meg alo- </li></ul><ul><li>- meg aly </li></ul>
  34. 36. Macro scopic 肉眼检查的 <ul><li>Macro- + scopo- + -ic </li></ul>[  ]
  35. 37. macro phage 巨嗜细胞 <ul><li>Macro- + -phage </li></ul>
  36. 38. Macrophage 巨嗜细胞 [  ]
  37. 39. macro colecule 大分子 <ul><li>Macro- + molecule </li></ul>[  ]
  38. 40. mega- karyocyte 巨核细胞 <ul><li>mega- + karyocyte </li></ul>[  ]
  39. 41. Mega lakroia 肢端肥大症 <ul><li>megal- + akro- + ia </li></ul><ul><li>Acro- + megaly </li></ul>
  40. 42. 小 <ul><li>Small </li></ul><ul><li>little </li></ul><ul><li>micro- </li></ul>
  41. 43. micro scope 显微镜 [  ] <ul><li>Micro- + scop- + -ic </li></ul>
  42. 44. 快 <ul><li>swift </li></ul><ul><li>tachy- </li></ul>
  43. 45. tachy cardia 心动过速 [  ] <ul><li>tachy- + cardio- + -ia </li></ul>
  44. 46. 慢 <ul><li>slow </li></ul><ul><li>brady- </li></ul><ul><li>lente </li></ul>
  45. 47. brady cardia 心动过缓 <ul><li>brady- + cardio- + -ia </li></ul>[    ]
  46. 48. brady kinin 缓激肽 [  ] <ul><li>brady- + kin- + -in </li></ul>
  47. 49. 好 <ul><li>well </li></ul><ul><li>eu- </li></ul>
  48. 50. eu thanasia 安乐死 <ul><li>Eu- + thanas- + -ia </li></ul>[  ]
  49. 51. 坏 <ul><li>bad </li></ul><ul><li>dys- </li></ul><ul><li>dis- </li></ul><ul><li>caco- </li></ul>
  50. 52. Dys function 机能不良 <ul><li>Dys- + function </li></ul>
  51. 53. Cac hexia 恶病质 [  ]   <ul><li>Cac- + hex- (habit) + -ia </li></ul>
  52. 54. caco phony 不谐和音 <ul><li>Caco - phono- + y </li></ul>Sym phono y 伦敦交响乐团 [  ]
  53. 55. 异 <ul><li>different </li></ul><ul><li>hetero- </li></ul><ul><li>allo- </li></ul>
  54. 56. Hetero geneity 异质性 <ul><li>Hetero- + gene- + -ity </li></ul>[  ]
  55. 57. Hetero zygote 杂合子 [  ] <ul><li>hetero- + -zygote </li></ul>
  56. 58. Allo graft 同种异体移植 [  ] <ul><li>Allo- + -graft </li></ul>
  57. 59. All ergy 变态反应 <ul><li>Allo- + erg- (work 功 ) + -y </li></ul>
  58. 60. 同 <ul><li>samet </li></ul><ul><li>homo- </li></ul><ul><li>homeo- </li></ul>
  59. 61. Homo geneous 同源的 <ul><li>Homo- + gene- + -ous </li></ul>[  ]
  60. 62. Homo sexuality 同性恋 <ul><li>Homo- + sexual- + -ity </li></ul>[    ]
  61. 63. Home ostasis 稳态 [  ] <ul><li>Homeo- </li></ul><ul><li>+ </li></ul><ul><li>-stasis </li></ul><ul><li>(standing) </li></ul>
  62. 64. Homeostasis 稳态
  63. 65. Homeo therapy 顺势疗法 [  ] <ul><li>Homeo- + -therapy </li></ul>
  64. 66. 亲 <ul><li>-affin(ity) </li></ul><ul><li>-p(h)ic </li></ul><ul><li>-p(h)in </li></ul>
  65. 67. chrom affin 嗜铬 [  ] <ul><li>Chromo- + -affin </li></ul>
  66. 68. adrenocortico trop(h)in 促肾上腺皮质激素 [  ] <ul><li>adreno- + cortico- + trop- + -in </li></ul>
  67. 69. 疏 <ul><li>-phobic(a) </li></ul>
  68. 70. Hydro phobic 疏水的 [  ] <ul><li>Hydro- + phobic </li></ul>rabies
  69. 71. Oleo phobic 疏油的 [  ] <ul><li>Oleo- + phob- + -ic </li></ul>
  70. 72. 远 <ul><li>distal </li></ul><ul><li>tele- </li></ul>
  71. 73. Distal convolutete tubule [  ] <ul><li>远小管曲 </li></ul>
  72. 74. Tele medicine 远程医学 [  ] <ul><li>Tele- + medicine </li></ul>
  73. 75. 近 <ul><li>near </li></ul><ul><li>Proximal </li></ul><ul><li>Juxta- </li></ul>
  74. 76. Proximal convolutete tubule [  ] <ul><li>近曲小管 </li></ul>
  75. 77. Juxta glomerular apparrtus [  ] <ul><li>Juxta- + glomerul- + -ar </li></ul>
  76. 78. 甜 <ul><li>sweet </li></ul><ul><li>glyco- </li></ul><ul><li>gluco- </li></ul>
  77. 79. Glycy rrhiza 甘草 [  ] <ul><li>Glycy- + rrhiza (root) </li></ul>
  78. 80. Gluc ose 葡萄糖 <ul><li>Gluc- + -ose </li></ul>
  79. 81. 苦 <ul><li>bitter </li></ul><ul><li>picro- </li></ul>
  80. 82. 中枢和呼吸兴奋药 Picro toxin 印防己 ( 苦 ) 毒素 [  ] picro- + -tox + -in
  81. 83. 全 <ul><li>whole all entire </li></ul><ul><li>pan- </li></ul>
  82. 84. Holo protein 全蛋白 <ul><li>Holo- + -protein </li></ul>
  83. 85. Holo caust 大屠杀 [  ] Holo- + -caust
  84. 86. Holo caust 大屠杀 [  ] Holo- + -caust
  85. 87. pan- cyto-penia 全血细胞减少 <ul><li>pan- + cyto- + -penia </li></ul>[  ]
  86. 88. pan demic 大流行 <ul><li>pan- + dem- + -ic </li></ul>
  87. 89. pandora 潘多拉 [  ] <ul><li>Pan- + -dora (gift) </li></ul>
  88. 90. pan acea 万灵药 <ul><li>pan- + -acea </li></ul>
  89. 91. 局部 <ul><li>part </li></ul><ul><li>mero- </li></ul>
  90. 92. mero crine 局 ( 部分 ) 泌的 [  ] <ul><li>mero- + -crine </li></ul>
  91. 93. 硬 <ul><li>hard </li></ul><ul><li>dura- </li></ul><ul><li>sclero- </li></ul><ul><li>cirrho- </li></ul>
  92. 94. epidural anesthesia 硬膜外麻醉 [  ] <ul><li>epi- + dural </li></ul>
  93. 95. Scler osis 硬化 <ul><li>Sclero- + osis </li></ul>
  94. 97. 软 <ul><li>soft </li></ul><ul><li>malaco- </li></ul>
  95. 98. Osteo malacia 骨软化 [  ] <ul><li>Osteo- + -malaco- + -ia </li></ul>
  96. 99. <ul><li>long </li></ul><ul><li>dolicho- </li></ul>长
  97. 100. Dolich ol 长醇 <ul><li>Dolicho- + -ol </li></ul>[  ]
  98. 101. 短 <ul><li>short </li></ul><ul><li>brevi- </li></ul><ul><li>brachy- </li></ul>
  99. 102. Brevi bacterium 短菌 <ul><li>Brevi- + -bacterium </li></ul>
  100. 103. Ab brevi ation 缩略词 <ul><li>Ab- + brevi- + -ation </li></ul>
  101. 104. Brachy therapy 短程放疗 <ul><li>Brachy- + -therapy </li></ul>[  ]
  102. 105. 新 <ul><li>new </li></ul><ul><li>novo- </li></ul><ul><li>novel </li></ul>
  103. 107. Novo caine 努佛卡因 [  ] <ul><li>Novo- + -caine </li></ul>
  104. 108. <ul><li>In 1884 cocaine was widely used as a local anesthetic. But in 1890’s it was proved to be very addictive. Doctors, realizing its risk, tried to find a substitute for it, by reexamining the chemical structure of cocaine. Then a German named Alfred Einhorn, , first synthesized in 1905 as being a substitute of cocaine. After then, Einhorn gave his substance a trade name known as Novocaine as everyone knows it to be today. Novocaine proved to very useful as cocaine but without no addiction. Novocaine instantly became to be a very popular anesthetic for medical and dental reasons. </li></ul>
  105. 109. 努佛卡因
  106. 110. Neo mycin 新霉素 [  ] <ul><li>Neo- + -mycin </li></ul>
  107. 111. 旧 <ul><li>old </li></ul><ul><li>paleo- </li></ul>
  108. 112. Paleo lithic [  ] <ul><li>Paleo- + litho- + -ic </li></ul>
  109. 113. Paleo lithic 旧石器时代的 <ul><li>Paleo- + litho- + -ic </li></ul>
  110. 114. 厚 <ul><li>thick </li></ul><ul><li>pachy- </li></ul>
  111. 115. Pachy tene 粗线期 [  ] <ul><li>Pachy- + -tene </li></ul>
  112. 116. 薄 <ul><li>thin </li></ul><ul><li>lepto- </li></ul>
  113. 117. Lepto tene 细线期 [  ] <ul><li>Lepto- + -tene </li></ul>
  114. 118. Leoto spira 细螺旋体 [  ] <ul><li>Leoto- + -spira </li></ul>
  115. 119. THANK YOU

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