系统 图解术语-11-运动

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系统 图解术语-11-运动

  1. 1. 医学英语快速阅读 图解术语学 第 11 章 肌肉骨骼系统
  2. 3. 1. 肌肉 <ul><li>Muscle </li></ul><ul><li>musculo- </li></ul><ul><li>myo- </li></ul>
  3. 4. Musculature [  ] 肌肉组织 <ul><li>ORIGIN Latin musculus , </li></ul><ul><li>diminutive of mus ‘mouse’ </li></ul><ul><li>(some muscles being thought to be mouse-like in form). </li></ul>
  4. 7. 2 . 肉 <ul><li>Flesh </li></ul><ul><li>Meat </li></ul><ul><li>car(n)- </li></ul><ul><li>sarco- </li></ul><ul><li>creato- </li></ul><ul><li>ino- </li></ul>
  5. 8. Flesh and Blood
  6. 9. Sarc oma [  ] 肉瘤
  7. 10. Creat ine [  ] 肌酸 [5kri:Etin]
  8. 11. Creat in ine [  ] 肌酐
  9. 12. Ino tropic [  ] 正性肌力作用
  10. 13. Rhabdo myo - 横纹肌
  11. 14. Leio myo - 平滑肌
  12. 15. [  ]
  13. 16. 3. 骨 <ul><li>Bone </li></ul><ul><li>Os </li></ul><ul><li>osseo- </li></ul><ul><li>osteo- </li></ul>(
  14. 17. Osteo por osis [  ]
  15. 18. Prominence [  ] 突出
  16. 19. Osteo blast [  ] 造骨细胞
  17. 20. Osteo clast [  ] 破骨细胞
  18. 22. 4. 软骨 <ul><li>Gristle </li></ul><ul><li>Cartilage </li></ul><ul><li>chondro- </li></ul>
  19. 24. Chondro cyte [  ]
  20. 25. Mito chondr ion [  ]
  21. 26. 5. 肌腱 <ul><li>Tendon </li></ul><ul><li>tendo- </li></ul>
  22. 28. Achiles Tendon
  23. 29. 6. 腱膜 Aponeurosis [  ]
  24. 30. 7. 筋膜 Fascia [  ]
  25. 31. 8. 韧带 <ul><li>Ligament </li></ul><ul><li>ligamento- </li></ul><ul><li>syndesmo- </li></ul><ul><li>desmo- </li></ul>
  26. 33. Ligamento pexy [  ] 圆韧带固定术
  27. 34. 9. 骨骼 <ul><li>Skeleton </li></ul><ul><li>skeleto- </li></ul>
  28. 35. 家丑不可外扬 扬鞭催马
  29. 36. A skeleton in the cupboard
  30. 37. 10. 颅骨 <ul><li>Skull </li></ul><ul><li>cranio- </li></ul>
  31. 38. Crystal Skull
  32. 39. Cranio tomy [  ]
  33. 40. 11. 脊柱 <ul><li>Spine </li></ul><ul><li>spino- </li></ul><ul><li>rachio- </li></ul>
  34. 41. Porcupine has a spino us back [  ] 豪猪
  35. 42. Spin ach [  ]
  36. 43. Spine
  37. 44. Cervical vertebra
  38. 45. <ul><li>Vertebra </li></ul><ul><li>spondylo- </li></ul>12. 椎体
  39. 46. Spondyl itis [  ]
  40. 47. 13. 寰椎 <ul><li>Atalas </li></ul><ul><li>atlano- </li></ul>
  41. 48. Atlas, sided with the Titans in their war against the Olympians, the Titanomachy. His brothers Prometheus and Epimetheus weighed the odds and betrayed the other Titans by forming an alliance with the Olympians. When the Titans were defeated, many of them were confined to Tartarus, but Zeus condemned Atlas to stand at the western edge of the Earth) and hold up Uranus (the Sky) on his shoulders, to prevent the two from resuming their primordial embrace.
  42. 49. 14. 枢椎 Axis
  43. 50. Atlas & Axis
  44. 51. 15. 椎间盘 <ul><li>Disc </li></ul><ul><li>(Disk 少用 ) </li></ul><ul><li>disco- </li></ul>
  45. 52. Inter vertebr al disc protrusion
  46. 53. <ul><li>16. 骶骨 </li></ul><ul><li>Sacrum </li></ul><ul><li>sacro- </li></ul>
  47. 54. OPEN MUSIC SACRUM
  48. 55. 17. 尾骨 coccyx [  ] <ul><li>Coccyx </li></ul><ul><li>coccugo- </li></ul>
  49. 56. Cuckoo [  :] 杜鹃鸟 布谷鸟
  50. 57. 18. 胸骨 Sternum sterno-
  51. 59. 19. 锁骨 clavicle [  ] <ul><li>Clavicle </li></ul><ul><li>cleido- </li></ul><ul><li>collar bone </li></ul><ul><li>Key bone </li></ul>
  52. 61. Scapula = spades
  53. 62. Sterno cleido mastoid muscle [      ]
  54. 63. 20. 肋骨 <ul><li>Rib </li></ul><ul><li>costo- </li></ul>
  55. 64. <ul><li>God then noted that “It is not good that the man should be alone”. He then brought every “beast of the field and every fowl of the air“ before Adam and had Adam name all the animals. However, among all the animals, there was not found ”a helper suitable for” Adam, so God caused “a deep sleep to fall upon Adam” and took one of his ribs, and from that rib, formed a woman subsequently named Eve. </li></ul>
  56. 65. Costo phrenic [  ] angle
  57. 66. Inter cost al space
  58. 67. 21. 髂骨 , 髋骨 <ul><li>Ilium 髂 , </li></ul><ul><li>Hip 髋 </li></ul><ul><li>coxo- 髋 </li></ul>
  59. 68. Acetab ulum [  ] 髋臼 = 醋缸
  60. 71. 22. 坐骨 ischium [  ]
  61. 72. 23. 股骨 <ul><li>Thigh </li></ul><ul><li>Femur </li></ul><ul><li>femero- </li></ul>
  62. 73. Femeral fracture
  63. 74. Paten 圣餐碟
  64. 75. 24. 髌骨 膝盖骨 patella 1690s, paten [  ]
  65. 76. Patellar reflex = knee reflex
  66. 77. 25. 胫骨 Tibia
  67. 78. <ul><li>Fibula </li></ul><ul><li>peroneal </li></ul>26. 腓骨 fibula [  ] 古希腊罗马 搭扣 , 扣针
  68. 80. 27. 跟骨 <ul><li>Heel </li></ul><ul><li>calcaneuo- </li></ul><ul><li>Achiles </li></ul>
  69. 81. Achilles [  ] 跟腱 [ 希神 ] 阿基里斯
  70. 83. 28. 踝骨 <ul><li>Ankle </li></ul><ul><li>Mallelo- </li></ul>
  71. 84. 29. 跖骨 meta tarsal [  ]
  72. 85. 比较 meta tarsal [  ] <ul><li>Meta carpus </li></ul><ul><li>掌骨 </li></ul><ul><li>[  ] </li></ul>
  73. 86. 30. 肩胛骨 <ul><li>Bladebone </li></ul><ul><li>Omoplate </li></ul><ul><li>[  ] </li></ul><ul><li>Scapula </li></ul><ul><li>[  ] </li></ul>
  74. 87. 31 . 肱骨 <ul><li>Humerus </li></ul><ul><li>Humorous? </li></ul>
  75. 90. Humeral veil 遮蔽物
  76. 91. 32. 桡骨 <ul><li>Radius </li></ul><ul><li>radio-? </li></ul>
  77. 94. 33. 尺骨 <ul><li>Ulner </li></ul>
  78. 95. 34. 关节 <ul><li>Joint </li></ul><ul><li>arthro- </li></ul><ul><li>articulo- </li></ul>
  79. 96. 35. 滑膜 Syn- ov(i) -um
  80. 97. 36. 滑囊 Bursa 布尔萨 ( 土耳其城 )
  81. 98. THANK YOU! <ul><li>END </li></ul>

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