基础 06--医学术语年代学

962 views

Published on

0 Comments
1 Like
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total views
962
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
16
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
0
Comments
0
Likes
1
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

基础 06--医学术语年代学

  1. 1. MILESTONES Neuroscience Research 神经学术语 年代学
  2. 2. I. ENLIGHTEN PERIOD 启蒙期 <ul><li>4000 B.C. - 0 A.D </li></ul>
  3. 3. 4000 B.C. <ul><li>Eu phoriant effect </li></ul><ul><li>poppy plant </li></ul><ul><li>Sumerian records </li></ul>
  4. 4. Sumerian Poppy
  5. 5. 2700 B.C. <ul><li>Shen Nung </li></ul><ul><li>Acupuncture </li></ul>
  6. 6. 1700 B.C. -Edwin Smith <ul><li>first written record of nervous system </li></ul>
  7. 7. 500 B.C . Alcmaion <ul><li>dissects sensory nerves </li></ul>
  8. 8. 460-379 B.C .-Hippocrates <ul><li>believes: </li></ul><ul><li>the brain is involved with sensation and is seat of intelligence </li></ul>
  9. 9. 387 B.C . - Plato <ul><li>believes: brain is seat of mental process </li></ul>
  10. 10. 335 B.C. - Aristole <ul><li>believes </li></ul><ul><li>heart is seat of mental process </li></ul>
  11. 11. 335-280 B.C. - Herophilus <ul><li>&quot;Farther of Anatomy &quot; </li></ul><ul><li>believes ventricles are seat of human intelligence </li></ul>
  12. 12. II. GAILEN PEROID 盖伦期 <ul><li>0 A.D. to 1500 </li></ul>
  13. 13. 177 -Galen Lecture &quot; On Brain&quot;
  14. 14. III. ANATOMIC PERIOD 解剖期 <ul><li>1500 - 1600 </li></ul>
  15. 15. Leonardo da Vinci 1452-1519 <ul><li>produces wax cast of human ventricles </li></ul><ul><li>1504 </li></ul>
  16. 16. Andreas Vesalius (1514-1564) often referred to as founder of modern human anatomy
  17. 17. De Humani Corporis Fabrica
  18. 19. 1543 - Andreas Vesalius <ul><li>discusses pineal gland </li></ul><ul><li>draws corpus striatum </li></ul>
  19. 20. coins term hippocampus 1564 -Aranzi
  20. 21. 1 658 -Johann Jakof Wepfer Theorizes a broken brain blood vessel may cause Apoplexy. (stroke)
  21. 22. 1736 -Jean Astruc <ul><li>coins term reflex </li></ul>
  22. 23. 1758-1828 Franz Joseph Gall phrenology
  23. 24. 1808 - Franz Joseph Gall Phrenology Cortex region
  24. 25. 1758-1828 Franz Joseph Gall He was a neuroanatomist, physiologist, and pioneer in the study of the localization of mental functions in the brain.
  25. 26. 脑后有反骨 -> 大脑皮层分区 
  26. 27. 1850 - 1900 <ul><li>IV. CYTOLOGICAL PERIOD </li></ul><ul><li>细胞学期 </li></ul>
  27. 28. 5. 1873 -Camillo Golgi publishes first work on silver nitrate method
  28. 29. <ul><li>coins term neuron </li></ul>1891 -Wilhelm von Waldeyer
  29. 30. conditinal reflex 1903 -Ivan Pavlov
  30. 31. V. MOLECULAR PERIOD 分子期 <ul><li>1901 – NOW </li></ul>
  31. 32. Nobel Prize - Neuroscience
  32. 33. <ul><li>Nobel Prize – Neuroscience </li></ul><ul><li>(24 in total) </li></ul><ul><li>1904 conditional reflex in digestive physiology </li></ul><ul><li>1906 Structure of Nervous System </li></ul><ul><li>1911 Optics of Eye </li></ul><ul><li>1914 Physiology and pathology of vestibular apparatus </li></ul><ul><li>1927 Discovery of Malaria inoculation to treat dementia paralytica </li></ul><ul><li>1932 Function of neurons in sending messages </li></ul><ul><li>1936 Chemical transmission of nerve impulses </li></ul><ul><li>1944 Differentiated functions of single nerve fibers </li></ul><ul><li>1949 Leucotomy for certain psychoses </li></ul><ul><li>1957 Work on syntic substances that inhibit action of body substances </li></ul><ul><li>1961 Function of cochlea1963Ionic mechanisms of nerve cell membrane </li></ul><ul><li>1967 Mechanisms of Vision - Wavelength discrimination of eye </li></ul><ul><li>1970 Humoral transmitters in sympatic nerves </li></ul><ul><li>1973 Ethology </li></ul><ul><li>1976 Mechanisms for origin and dissemination of infection disease </li></ul><ul><li>1977 Production of peptides in brain </li></ul><ul><li>1979 Invention of computer-assisted tomography </li></ul><ul><li>1981 Information processing in visual system </li></ul><ul><li>1982 D iscovery of prostaglandins </li></ul><ul><li>1986 C ontrol of nerve cell growth </li></ul><ul><li>1991 Function of single ion channels in cells </li></ul><ul><li>1994 Discovery of G-protein coupled receptors and its role in signal transduction </li></ul><ul><li>1997 Discovery of prions; a new biological principle of infection </li></ul><ul><li>2000 Signal transduction in nervous system/dopamine </li></ul>
  33. 34. 9. 1 658 -Johann Jakof Wepfer <ul><li>Theorizes </li></ul><ul><li>a broken brain blood vessel may cause apoplexy (stroke) </li></ul><ul><li>清顺治 </li></ul>
  34. 35. 中风病简史 2000 年前 战国时期 《内经》 病名有大厥、薄厥、仆击、偏枯、痱风 二世纪初 东汉末年 《金匮要略》 脉络空虚,风邪入中 1115-1368 金元 谓之“内风”,“心火暴甚” 1563-1640 明代 张景岳 倡导“非风”之说 20 世纪初 清代 叶天士 张伯龙 气血逆乱,直冲犯脑
  35. 38. THANK YOU

×