基础 05-英语医学术语特征

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  • Question 5
  • 基础 05-英语医学术语特征

    1. 1. Features of Medical Terminology 医学术语学特征 第 5-10 章 杨明山
    2. 2. Question 1 <ul><li>Medical English is from </li></ul><ul><li>Latin? </li></ul>
    3. 3. Greek Mythology <ul><li>Zeus </li></ul><ul><li>The principal god of the Greek pantheon, ruler of the heavens, and father of other gods. </li></ul>
    4. 4. Greek Mythology <ul><li>Apollo </li></ul><ul><li>Son </li></ul><ul><li>of Zeus </li></ul><ul><li>God of light </li></ul><ul><li>(health) </li></ul>
    5. 5. Greek Mythology <ul><li>Asclepius </li></ul><ul><li>Son </li></ul><ul><li>of Apollo God </li></ul><ul><li>medicine </li></ul>
    6. 6. Greek Mythology <ul><li>Hygie </li></ul><ul><li>daughter </li></ul><ul><li>of Asclapius </li></ul><ul><li>goddess </li></ul><ul><li>hygiene </li></ul>
    7. 7. Staff of Asclepius
    8. 8. Mycenean Culture <ul><li>西方医学摇篮 </li></ul><ul><li>希腊南部 </li></ul>
    9. 9. Mycenean Culture 西方医学摇篮 - 希腊南部
    10. 10. Hippocrates <ul><li>Father </li></ul><ul><li>of </li></ul><ul><li>Western </li></ul><ul><li>Medicine </li></ul>
    11. 11. Hippocratic Corpus <ul><li>The </li></ul><ul><li>earliest </li></ul><ul><li>medical textbook </li></ul>
    12. 12. Hippocratic Oath <ul><li>Professional </li></ul><ul><li>Moral </li></ul><ul><li>Guideline </li></ul>
    13. 13. Galen – not Rome <ul><li>Pergamum </li></ul><ul><li>Ancient Town = Turkey </li></ul>
    14. 14. Origin of Medical Terms Greek 48.2% Latin 38.3% Anglo-Saxon 12.2%
    15. 15. Conclusion <ul><li>Medical English </li></ul><ul><li>is mainly from </li></ul><ul><li>Greek Medicine </li></ul>
    16. 16. Question 2 <ul><li>Are they regular? </li></ul><ul><li>(synonyms of medicine) </li></ul>
    17. 17. Examle <ul><li>Body </li></ul><ul><li>corporo- </li></ul><ul><li>-some </li></ul><ul><li>somato- </li></ul>体
    18. 18. 胃体 <ul><li>Stomach body </li></ul><ul><li>= </li></ul><ul><li>Gastric </li></ul><ul><li>corpus </li></ul>
    19. 19. Somatic Cell 体细胞
    20. 20. Conclusion <ul><li>Trilogy of Medical Terms </li></ul>
    21. 21. Question 3 <ul><li>Word root </li></ul><ul><li>= </li></ul><ul><li>Combining Form </li></ul><ul><li>? </li></ul>
    22. 22. Difference <ul><li>Word </li></ul><ul><li>Change of word class </li></ul><ul><li>Word + o </li></ul><ul><li>Compound word </li></ul><ul><li>cardio- </li></ul>R oot  Combining form
    23. 23. Question 4 <ul><li>How to approach the connecting vowel letter? </li></ul>
    24. 24. <ul><li>saved </li></ul>Gastr o - p exy gastr o p exy Men o - p ause men o p ause
    25. 25. <ul><li>deleted </li></ul>Gastr o - i tis Gastr i tis Men o - a lgia Men a lgia
    26. 26. 构词形认知效果 Masto- -pexy 乳房固定术 Gastro- 胃固定术 Colpohystero- 阴道子宫固定术 Hepato- 肝固定术 Cysto 膀胱固定术 Oophoro- 卵巢固定术
    27. 27. Question 5 <ul><li>Is it regular? </li></ul><ul><li>(pleural form) </li></ul>
    28. 28. Regular ruge for Plu r al Form corne a corne a e analy sis analys e s bacteri um bacteri a sarco ma Sarco ma ta cocc us cocc i ap ex Ap ices gangli on gangi a cerv ix Cerv ices
    29. 29. Conclusion <ul><li>Plural forms </li></ul><ul><li>of medical terms </li></ul><ul><li>are </li></ul><ul><li>absolutely regular . </li></ul>
    30. 30. Question 5 <ul><li>What are the relics of Greek Origin? </li></ul>
    31. 31. χειρουργια <ul><li>It’s Greek to me. </li></ul>
    32. 32. Greek Trace <ul><li>co cc us </li></ul><ul><li>ph ysician </li></ul><ul><li>rh initis </li></ul><ul><li>rrh </li></ul>
    33. 33. Latin Trace <ul><li>How </li></ul><ul><li>to </li></ul><ul><li>approach </li></ul><ul><li>-um </li></ul><ul><li>? </li></ul>
    34. 34. Latin Trace unchanged calci um calci um deleted asprin um asprin X + ine atropin um atrop ine
    35. 35. Question 6 <ul><li>Diminutive </li></ul><ul><li>( 指小词 ) </li></ul>
    36. 36. Diminutive <ul><li>drop  drop let </li></ul>
    37. 37. Diminutive 指小词 <ul><li>pipe </li></ul><ul><li>pipe tte </li></ul>cigar cigar ette
    38. 38. Diminutive <ul><li>cell  cell ule </li></ul>
    39. 39. vent  ventr icle
    40. 40. Conclusion <ul><li>词尾 -? l ?  diminutive </li></ul>
    41. 41. Summary
    42. 42. 1 <ul><li>Medical English is from Greek. </li></ul>
    43. 43. Question 2 Medical terms has its rule. trilogy
    44. 44. <ul><li>Word </li></ul><ul><li>Change of word class </li></ul><ul><li>Word + o </li></ul><ul><li>Compound word </li></ul><ul><li>cardio- </li></ul>Root  Combining form 3
    45. 45. 4. How to approach –o- a lgia gastr o - i tis gastr i tis men o - a lgia men a lgia gastr o - p exy gastr o p exy men o - p ause men o p ause
    46. 46. 5. Regular Plural Form corne a corne a e analy sis analys e s bacteri um bacteri a sarco ma Sarco ma ta cocc us cocc i ap ex Ap ices gangli on gangi a cerv ix Cerv ices
    47. 47. 6. Greek Trace <ul><li>co cc us </li></ul><ul><li>ph ysician </li></ul><ul><li>rh initis </li></ul><ul><li>rrh </li></ul>
    48. 48. 6. Latin Trace unchanged calci um calci um deleted asprin um asprin X + ine atropin um atrop ine
    49. 49. <ul><li>7. 词尾 -? l ?  diminutive </li></ul>
    50. 50. END

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