系统 图解术语-03-呼吸

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系统 图解术语-03-呼吸

  1. 1. 医学英语快速阅读 Chapter 4: 呼吸系统 图解术语 杨明山
  2. 2. 1. Respiratin 呼吸 <ul><li>pneumo- </li></ul><ul><li>-hale </li></ul><ul><li>ventilo- </li></ul><ul><li>spiro- </li></ul><ul><li>-pnea </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>Pneumo peritoneum </li></ul>气腹
  4. 4. Inhale Exhale
  5. 5. Inhaler 吸雾器
  6. 6. <ul><li>Ventilation </li></ul>通气
  7. 7. 举一反三 <ul><li>Infer different cases from one example </li></ul><ul><li>Many combining forms can be used in multiple system. </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>Spiro - = </li></ul>螺旋 Coil
  9. 9. Respiration <ul><li>Inspiration expiration </li></ul>
  10. 10. Spiro meter [    ] 呼吸计
  11. 12. Spiro chete [   ] 螺旋体
  12. 13. Spirochete [  ] 螺旋体 螺旋体
  13. 14. Spiro mycin [    ]
  14. 16. Spirono lactone [    ] 螺旋内酯
  15. 18. Per spir ation [    ] sweating
  16. 20. Spiral CT 螺旋 CT
  17. 21. E xpiry [    ] 截止期
  18. 23. 雪碧
  19. 24. Sprite 小仙子 精灵
  20. 25. Inspiration 灵感
  21. 28. <ul><li>Dyspnea   </li></ul>呼吸困难
  22. 29. <ul><li>Tachy pnea </li></ul><ul><li>Brady pnea </li></ul><ul><li>Ortho pnea </li></ul><ul><li>A pnea </li></ul><ul><li>Eu pnea </li></ul><ul><li>Dys pnea </li></ul><ul><li>呼吸 急促 </li></ul><ul><li>呼吸 过慢 </li></ul><ul><li>端坐 呼吸 </li></ul><ul><li>呼吸 暂停 </li></ul><ul><li>正常 呼吸 </li></ul><ul><li>呼吸 困难 </li></ul>
  23. 30. 2. 鼻 <ul><li>Nose </li></ul><ul><li>Naso- </li></ul><ul><li>Rhino- </li></ul>
  24. 31. Naso pharynx 鼻咽部
  25. 32. Rhino virus 鼻病毒
  26. 33. 4. 气管 <ul><li>Trachea </li></ul><ul><li>windpipe </li></ul>
  27. 34. 5. Bronchus 支气管 <ul><li>broncho- </li></ul><ul><li>bronchium </li></ul><ul><li>bronchiolo- </li></ul>
  28. 35. Branchi ectasis 支气管扩张
  29. 36. Bronchiol e 细支气管
  30. 37. 6. Lung <ul><li>Lung </li></ul><ul><li>Pulmo(no)- </li></ul><ul><li>Pneumono- </li></ul>
  31. 38. Cor pulmonale 肺 心 病
  32. 39. Atypical Pneumon ia severe acute respiratory syndrome 非典肺炎
  33. 40. 7. 肺泡 <ul><li>Air sac </li></ul><ul><li>Alveolo- 牙槽 </li></ul><ul><li>Alveolo- 肺泡 </li></ul>
  34. 41. Alveolus 肺泡
  35. 42. Alveolus
  36. 43. Alveolus 牙槽
  37. 44. 8. pleura 胸膜
  38. 45. Parietal Visceral 壁层 脏层
  39. 46. The two are the primary organs of the respiratory system. Other components of the respiratory system conduct air to the lungs, such as the trachea which branches into smaller structures called bronchi . The process of breathing is divided into two distinct phases, inspiration and expiration . During inspiration , the diaphragm contracts and pulls downward while the muscles between the ribs contract and pull upward. This increases the size of the thoracic cavity and decreases the pressure inside. As a result, air rushes in and fills the lungs. During expiration , the diaphragm relaxes, and the volume of the thoracic cavity decreases, while the pressure within it increases. As a result, the lungs contract and air is forced out.
  40. 47. <ul><li>两肺是呼吸系统的主要器官。呼吸系统其它器官负责气体出入肺,如气管及其更小的分支,称支气管。呼吸过程分吸气与呼气二期。在吸气期,横隔收缩下降而肋间肌收缩向上。此增加胸腔容积,减少内压。结果,空气迅速进入而充盈肺 . 在呼气期,横隔松弛,胸腔容积减少,内压增加。结果 , 肺收缩而排除气体。 </li></ul>
  41. 48. END

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