PRINCIPLES OF EFFECTIVE TALKSAny effective talk must do three things:• (1) communicate your arguments and ideas,• (2) persuade your audience that they are true, and• (3) be interesting and entertaining. Dr. Yasser Mahgoub
PRINCIPLES OF EFFECTIVE TALKS• USUALLY BETTER USUALLY WORSE * Talk * Read * Stand * Sit * Use visual aids: outlines, pictures, graphs * Have no visual aids * Move * Stand still * Vary the pitch of your voice * Speak in a monotone * Speak loudly and clearly, toward audience * Mumble, facing downward * Make eye contact with the audience * Stare at the podium * Focus on main arguments * Get lost in details * Finish your talk within the time limit * Run overtime * Rehearse your talk * Dont practice * Summarize main arguments at beginning & end * Fail to provide a conclusion * Notice your audience and respond to their needs * Ignore audience behavior * Emulate excellent speakers * Emulate mentors regardless of their speaking ability Dr. Yasser Mahgoub
Principles1) Talk rather than read.Youll be easier to understand, and youll be better able to make genuine contact with your audience. Furthermore, ultimately talking will help you think more clearly by forcing you to communicate your points in ordinary language. Theres nothing virtuous about perfect grammar, complicated sentences, and sophisticated vocabulary if your audience cant follow you. Dr. Yasser Mahgoub
Principles2) Stand up.This is better for two reasons. First, people can see you better. Second, standing puts you in a physically dominant position. Remember: youre the focus. The audience needs your help to maintain their attention. They want you to be in charge. By standing up, you accept this invitation -- making both your job and theirs a little easier. Dr. Yasser Mahgoub
Principles3) Use visual aids.People are visual creatures. “A picture is worth a thousand words" is especially appropriate in the context of a conference talk, where you dont have time to say very much.Have an outline of your talk on overhead transparencies. It makes your audience want to hear the details. It helps them understand the structure of your thinking. Talk outlines should be extremely concise and visually uncluttered. 12-15 lines of text per transparency is plenty. Dr. Yasser Mahgoub
Principles4) Move around.Its easier to keep focused on someone whos moving than on a motionless talking head.Hand gestures are also good. Simply crossing from one side of the room to the other every three or four minutes is probably enough. Dr. Yasser Mahgoub
Principles5) Vary the pitch of your voice.Monotones are sleep-inducing. Many people dont realize they have this problem. Get a trusted friend or colleague to listen to your delivery and give you honest feedback. (This is an important principle in itself.)Even better, tape or videotape yourself and check out how you sound. Dr. Yasser Mahgoub
Principles6) Speak loudly, clearly, and confidently. Face the audience.An important element of vocal technique is to focus on the bottom (the deepest pitch) of your vocal range, which is its loudest and most authoritative tone. (This can be especially important for women.)Speak from the gut, not the throat.Breathe deeply -- its necessary for volume.Dont be afraid to ask for feedback: "Can you hear me in the back of the room?“Be careful, when using visual aids, that you continue to face the audience when you speak. Dr. Yasser Mahgoub
Principles7) Make eye contact with the audience.Do this by casting your gaze toward the back and sides of the room. Be careful not to ignore one side of the audience.Many speakers "side" unconsciously, looking always to the left or to the right half, or only to the front or the back, of the room. Heres another place where feedback, either from friends or from videotape, can be helpful. Dr. Yasser Mahgoub
Principles8) Focus on main arguments.Your audience is not going to remember the details of your evidence. In such a situation, less is more. Give them short, striking "punch lines" that theyll remember. They can always read your written work later. A good rule of thumb is to make no more than three main points in any given talk. Thats about all most people will be able to remember. Dr. Yasser Mahgoub
Principles9) Finish your talk within the time limit.Not to do so is disrespectful both of any subsequent speakers and of your audience. Most peoples maximum attention span is 40-45 minutes. If you exceed this limit, youll probably lose them. The only way to be certain you can keep within your limits is to rehearse your talk. But nothing is more embarrassing than getting only halfway through before hitting the time limit. Dr. Yasser Mahgoub
Principles10) Summarize your talk at the beginning and at the end."Tell them what youre going to tell them, and tell them what you told them.“ If you follow this rule, your audience is much more likely to remember your main points. Even more important, it helps you stay focused on the key ideas youre trying to convey. Dr. Yasser Mahgoub
Principles11) Notice your audience and respond to their needs.If people seem to be falling asleep, or getting restless or distracted, the problem may not be you. Is the room too hot, or too cold? Too dark? Can people see you? Is the microphone on? Is something outside the room distracting people? Dont hesitate to stop briefly in order to solve these problems. Dr. Yasser Mahgoub
Principles11) Notice your audience and respond to their needs.Always use the maximum lighting your presentation format will allow.For example, you can usually leave all the lights on if youre using an overhead projector, but youll need to turn some off to use slides. Dr. Yasser Mahgoub
Principles11) Notice your audience and respond to their needs.Alternatively, you may have gone on too long, or you may need to speak louder. Whatever the case, notice whats happening and use it as feedback. If you cant figure out why your audience is responding poorly, ask somebody later and fix the problem next time. Dr. Yasser Mahgoub
Principles12) Emulate excellent speakers.The best way to become an excellent presenter is to watch really good, experienced speakers and model your talks on theirs. Notice not just what they say, but what they do: how they move, how they sound, how they structure their talks. Add those devices to your own repertoire. Dr. Yasser Mahgoub
Introduction: Give your name and the name of the project you are presenting. Overview: Quickly describe the scope of the project, and explain your concept or approach. Demonstration: Walk your audience through the space, beginning at a real or nominal entry. Invite Reaction: Involve the audience in the presentation. Answer questions in a way that reinforces how your solution solves the problems. Summary: Recapitulate three or four main points. Sign-off: Thank your audience for their attention.
Demonstrate your professional competence. Dress and act appropriately (business-like attire and actions) Practice your presentation. Know its content so that you can discuss without having to look at the boards or computer screen for cues. Be prepared with relevant information (areas, corridor widths, etc.) Know your vocabulary and pronounce terms correctly. Avoid colloquialisms and slang (dont say, "this is just-a file" or "this is, like, you know, a file" or "I stuck the file here").
Emphasize the users, not yourself. Describe how your proposal meets the clients and users’ needs, and solves their problems (and not how it reflects what you like or dislike). Do not personalize the presentation (avoid "I" language). Do not mention the problems you had in developing an approach, finding materials, getting time to work on the project, etc. Do not simply list furnishings or dwell on the obvious (such as, "this is a chair”). Believe in your solution, but dont be defensive. Welcome questions and suggestions.
1.) Make sure all your required paperwork is filled out, completed, and filed.2.) Make a decision, create a plan.3.) Are you going to continue on to grad school?4.) Are you going to get a job?5.) Are you moving back home?6.) Manage your money7.) Get recommendations and letters of reference from your professors now, not later.8.) Get your portfolio in order9.) Update your e-mail account10.) Have fun
The Omrania l CSBE Student Award for Excellence in Architectural Design http://www.csbe.org/
Award winner -Yasmina ElChami -AmericanUniversity ofBeirut
Award winner -Hadi El Murr -LebaneseAcademy ofFine Arts
Award winner -Preeti Mogali -AmericanUniversity ofSharjah
Award winner -Razan Al-Ati -JordanUniversity ofScience andTechnology
an elevation drawing of a façade, surr ounded by a decorativearrangement c omposed of drawings of the important details andsometimes a plan or sectio n of the façade. In the Beaux Arts tradition the understanding of the role of detail as a generator of the character of buildings determined that a very peculiar graphic means for the study of it, the analytique. In this graphic representation of a designed or surveyed building the details play the predominant role. They are composed in different scales in the attempt to single out the dialogue among the parts in the making of the text of the building.
Sometimes the building as a whole is present in the drawing, and generally it is represented at a minuscule scale, and so it seems a detail among details. The origin of the analytique and its role in the construing of architecture can be traced back to the technique of graphic representation and composition developed by Piranesi in his etchings surveying the Magnificenza of Roman architecture. These are a graphic interpretation, with a stronger Vichian bias, of Carlo Lodolis understanding of the built environment as a sum of inadequate details to be substituted with more appropriate ones.