Architectural Working Drawings part 1

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Architectural Working Drawings part 1

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Architectural Working Drawings part 1

  1. 1. Introduction to Working Documents Dr. Yasser Mahgoub
  2. 2. The Project Cycle
  3. 3. Construction Documents Drawings Contract Forms Specifications General and supplementary conditions Bidding Requirements Other
  4. 4. Drawings Construction drawings show, in graphic and quantitative form the:      extent, configuration, location, relationships, and dimensions
  5. 5. Drawings They generally contain:       site and building plans, elevations, sections, details, diagrams, and schedules
  6. 6. Drawings In addition to drawn information, they may include:  Photographs  Graphics  Printed schedules  Specifications (for small projects)
  7. 7. Drawings Definition: A set of drawings is an organized presentation of the project.
  8. 8. Sample Projects
  9. 9. Example • For small projects, working drawings and details can be integrated in small number of sheets.
  10. 10. Example • For medium projects, a sufficient number of drawings need to be developed to cover all the required details.
  11. 11. SITE PLAN • The site plan should show the location of the building in relation to the site boundaries. • All landscape elements, streets and pedestrian walkways should be indicated and dimensioned. • A reference point should be identified to related the building to GPS.
  12. 12. PLANS • All plans should be drawn scale 1;100 showing centerlines, walls, openings, external dimensions, internal dimensions, materials, etc.
  13. 13. SECTIONS • Sections should illustrate vertical information including levels, materials, dimensions, corresponding centerlines and details cross-referencing.
  14. 14. ELEVATIONS • Elevations should illustrate exterior finishing materials, levels, dimensions, centerlines, and details crossreferencing.
  15. 15. WALL SECTIONS • Wall sections illustrate exterior façade design detailing. They are extremely important illustration to ensure the final appreance of the design.
  16. 16. Working Drawings Highlights
  17. 17. Plans
  18. 18. Plans All necessary dimensions
  19. 19. Plans Stair symbols
  20. 20. Plans Window and door identification marks
  21. 21. Plansrooms & spaces Titles or numbers for all
  22. 22. Plans Materials symbols
  23. 23. Plans Levels
  24. 24. Plans All structural features
  25. 25. Plans Bath Rooms
  26. 26. Sections Show interior features
  27. 27. Sections Show complete vertical dimensions
  28. 28. Sections Indicate materials
  29. 29. Elevations Grid lines
  30. 30. Elevations All necessary dimensions
  31. 31. Elevations Slabs Levels
  32. 32. Elevations Materials
  33. 33. Stairs Details
  34. 34. Stairs Details
  35. 35. Wall Sections • Show all materials in their proper location and thickness. • Tie the section into the cross-reference system
  36. 36. Drawings Sequence and sheet Formats Organization:  Site work  Architectural drawings  Structural  Mechanical  Plumbing  Electrical  Any special disciplines COVER SHEET
  37. 37. Drawings Sequence and sheet Formats Standards:  Sheet size  Layout  Title blocks
  38. 38. Drawing Sheet Coordinate System D 1 2 3 4 5 A 1 Drawing may comprise one or more modules. B MODULE C4 B Each module is identified by a letter and a number. C C D Module identification is established by the coordinates for the lower left hand corner of the module. A 2 3 4 5
  39. 39. Drawing Blocks Drawing Blocks DRAWING BLOCKS Drawing modules containing graphic or textural info are called drawing blocks.
  40. 40. Note Blocks Note Blocks The Note Block is the module or modules in the drawing area for General Notes, Keynotes, and Key Plans.
  41. 41. Title Block Area Margins Same as Drawing Area Formats Horizontal Text Vertical Text Data Blocks Designer Identification Project ID Block Issue Block Management Block Sheet Title Block Sheet ID Block
  42. 42. Title Block Format (1) Title Block Formats Horizontal Text Format: Title block text is oriented parallel to the bottom of the sheet. The horizontal text format is the most commonly used, and is the preferred format.
  43. 43. Title Block Formats Vertical Text Format: Title block text is oriented parallel to the right side of the sheet. Sheet title and sheet ID remain oriented parallel to the bottom of the sheet.
  44. 44. Basic Sheet Layout Title Block Area Drawing Area Production Data Area
  45. 45. Drawing Block Format Column Grid & Dimension Area Graphic & Notation Area Drawing blocks that contain plans, elevations, sections, and details are organized in a format that includes the elements shown. Margin Title Area Drawing Module Lines
  46. 46. Drawing Block Format - Sample GRID XXXX XXX XX XX XXXXX XXXXX XXX C3 A sample drawing block showing a simple plan layout. XX XXXX XXXX XXX SECTION X:X Note the column grid and dimension area (shaded), the graphic and notation area, the drawing block title area, and the margins.
  47. 47. DRAWING SYMBOLS Lines CL Object Lines Dimension/Extension Lines Hidden/Invisible Lines Center Lines
  48. 48. DRAWING SYMBOLS Graphic Symbols - General 4 A-6 7 A-5 Wall Section Detail Section BB A-4 Building Section 6 Revision Marker
  49. 49. Reference Symbols refer reader to another part of the document Examples: D2 21 0 2 4 Graphic Scales A-512 Detail Indicator 3 Sheet Keynote 2 VESTIBULE 101 Room Identifier Column Grid Indicator
  50. 50. Note Blocks Note Blocks The Note Block is the module or modules in the drawing area for General Notes, Keynotes, and Key Plans.
  51. 51. Sheet Keynotes GENERAL SHEET NOTES 1. IIII II III III IIII IIII 2. II III II II IIIII III 3. II IIIII II IIII IIIIII 4. I II IIII III IIIIIII II 5. III I II IIII IIIII III REFERENCE KEYNOTES IIIII.I IIIII.I IIIII.I IIIII.I IIIII.I III III IIII II II II IIIII II I II IIII III III IIIIIII II IIII IIIII III SHEET KEYNOTES 1 III III IIII II 2 III III II II IIII 3 IIII II I II IIII Order of Sequence: General Notes Reference Notes Sheet Keynotes
  52. 52. 03300.A 03200.A 03200.A (#4 BARS) Reference Keynotes in Drawing Block REFERENCE KEYNOTES DIVISION 3 - CONCRETE 03200.A REINFORCING STEEL 03200.B WELDED WIRE MESH 03300.A CAST-IN-PLACE CONCRETE Reference Keynotes in Note Block
  53. 53. SHEET KEYNOTES 2 1 2 Sheet Keynotes in Drawing Block EXISTING FLOOR DRAIN DASHED LINE INDICATES SOFFIT ABOVE Sheet Keynotes in Note Block
  54. 54. Drawings CONDOC SYSTEM G General project requirements Site work TS SB SD C L Topographic survey Soil borings data Site demolition Civil Landscaping
  55. 55. Drawings CONDOC SYSTEM Major disciplines S M P FP E Structural Mechanical Plumbing Fire Protections Electrical
  56. 56. Drawings CONDOC SYSTEM Special elements ID FS SG FF AA Etc. Interior design Food service Signage/graphics Furniture/furnishings Asbestos abatement
  57. 57. Drawings CONDOC SYSTEM Major disciplines A Architecture A000, A001, etc. A100, A101, etc. A200, A201, etc. A300, A301, etc. A400, A401, etc. A500, A501, etc. A600, A601, etc. Schedules, master keynote, legend, general notes Plans Exterior elevations, Sections Vertical circulation, core plan and details Reflected ceiling plans, details Exterior envelope, details Architecture interiors
  58. 58. Drawings Title Block        Name, address, and phone number of the architectural firm Project title and address Owner's name and address Drawing title and sheet number Names and addresses of consultants Notation of who worked on the drawing, including cjecking Dates drawings were issued (such as for bid, permit, and construction)  Dates of revisions  Architect's seal and signature (when required)  Copyright information
  59. 59. Drawings Drawings should also include the basic information required to orient the user, such as:  Key plans (showing location of partial plans in relation to the whole)  North arrows  Scales for drawings (graphic scales are normally included in case drawings are reduced or CAD generated)
  60. 60. Drawings The Cartooning Process Most firms lay out the drawings very early in the project.  To establish roughly how many and what kinds of plans, sections, elevations, details, schedules, and other graphic elements will be prepared.  Scale and size on sheet  Order  Interrelationships COVER SHEET
  61. 61. WD CARTOON SET Assignment • • • • • • • • • • Use A4 size paper to develop a rough sketch of your WD set. Determine the order of drawings and number ( __ of __ ) Sketch by hand the rough size of each drawing on each sheet Determine the scale needed (for example, plans should be at 1:100) Convert the real dimensions of the building drawings to the desired scale and show on your papers Make sure that all drawing fit on the size sheet plottable area Label each drawing, include the scale Add north arrow when appropriate Add descriptive text if known (such as window sill detail, east elevation, etc.) Add sheet names, numbers, and drawing title in the border
  62. 62. END

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