Architectural Graduation Project - English


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The Architectural Graduation Project - English

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Architectural Graduation Project - English

  1. 1. The Architectural Graduation Project Prepared by: Dr. Yasser Mahgoub Introduction The Graduation Project is considered the vehicle of demonstrating the students' accumulation of knowledge and experiences throughout their undergraduate education in the department of architecture. All the students’ education including lectures, studio work, practical training, field trips, seminars, etc. are reflected in their graduation project. It is the last step in preparing the student for professional practice after graduation. It also requires continuous work and commitment to achieve the required goals. It is recommended that the selected project is an actual project needed by the country and listed in its future development plans. This reflects the obligation of the university to service the community. It is also important that students do not select graduation projects that were selected before during the last year or projects designed during their previous design studios. Students should be encouraged to select new topics and involve other departments and disciplines, where applicable, in the development of design problems and solutions. Catalog Description Architectural Graduation 1 Data collection on selected topic under the guidance of a faculty advisor. Formulation and preparation of space programme and design brief and requirements in the form of design report study and analysis of selected site constraints and environmental factors. Prerequisite: Design Courses. Architectural Graduation Project 2 Formulation of schematic design as translation of the previously prepared design brief under the guidance of a faculty advisor. Development of the schematic design into preliminary design drawings. Modification of the design report toward the final design drawings. A thesis is required to be submitted. Prerequisite: Architectural Graduation 1
  2. 2. The Architectural Graduation Project Detailed Description The graduation project is a comprehensive project that reflects the student’s accumulated knowledge and skills in architectural design, planning, building construction, building systems, landscape architecture, and other subjects related to architectural education. The project should address a real problem in the area of architectural design, urban design and urban planning. The end product is composed of architectural drawings, data collection, and oral presentations to a jury committee and a written report. The project is composed of two parts: 1. Graduation Project 1 Graduation Project 1 is a one-semester course of 2 Credit Hours. During Graduation Project 1, the student collects information, statistics, selects site, and develops the architectural program. The student is required to select 3 project titles for discussion with the advisor illustrating the goals of selecting each project. One project is to be selected after consultations with the Graduation Project Committee to avoid repetition of projects. At the end of this stage the student is required to present the process of site selection and analysis, building codes and regulations, program development and analysis, data and examples collection, and zoning design ideas in the form of a “dissertation” using a scientific report format. 2. Graduation Project 2 Graduation Project 2 is a one-semester course of 4 Credit Hours. During Graduation Project 2, students develop their preliminary design ideas into a full architectural project including architectural drawings, models, and final report. The goal of Graduation Project is to train students to deal with complex architectural design problems from a practical and comprehensive point of view starting from problem definition, context analysis, function and utility requirements study, and structural and aesthetic considerations. The student should progress through different design phases to suggest solutions and implementation strategies. The Graduation project is a comprehensive experience similar to professional practice after graduation. Dr. Yasser Mahgoub 2
  3. 3. The Architectural Graduation Project Phases and Activities of Graduation Project Under the supervision of course instructor, the student is required to undertake the following activities according to a specific time schedule: 1. Selection of an Appropriate Architectural Design Problem The student should work on selecting an appropriate architectural or planning problem upon initial consultations with the course instructor from community during the vacation preceding the semester of his/her Graduation Project 1. The problems should be appropriate for graduation project in order to achieve a high level of reality and direct benefit to community. The student should collect all relevant data, standards, and statistics from governmental agencies. Whenever possible, the student should also visit similar projects to the selected project in size and function in order to estimate the amount of effort and work required to design the project. The student should submit 3 suggestions for discussion with the course instructor at the beginning of the graduation semester. 2. Literature Review The student should undertake a comprehensive literature review of the project topic in reference books, textbooks, periodicals, magazines, and newspapers. This literature survey forms the academic base upon which the student depends for calculating and developing program requirements. The student should collect and study most recent examples similar to the selected project. The study should include detailed analysis of all aspects of design in order to prepare the student for project development from an architectural program to design alternatives suitable for the site and context. Internet sources: Dr. Yasser Mahgoub 3
  4. 4. The Architectural Graduation Project 3. Selection of Appropriate Site Students are required to select more than one site for the project and conduct comprehensive evaluation to select the most appropriate site. The student should collect maps, information and pictures from site visits and any other information useful for comparing between available sites. The student should select with the course instructor the appropriate site after evaluation, comparison, and site visits. 4. Preparation of the Architectural Program The student should prepare a comprehensive architectural program that includes definition of functions, activities, utilities, areas, and volumes. The suitable size of Graduation Project ranges from 5,000 to 15,000 m² of usable area. The program should be relevant to the needs of the owner and expected users and consistent with architectural theories and design data. The program should respect local and international standards. The student should work with the advisor and the client if possible, to calculate the required areas in relation to the physical, environmental, and social context. The program is presented in the form of functions, areas, and relationships. 5. Function and Zoning Analysis At the end of Graduation Project 1, students are required to present a dissertation outlining their activities and achievements throughout the semester to a jury committee including the following items: Program development and analysis Site selection and analysis Examples presentation and analysis Zoning alternatives 6. Development of Architectural Design Alternatives During Graduation Project 2, the student is expected to work on transforming the project program into design alternatives and ideas relevant to the selected site. This phase ends with the selection of the appropriate design ideas according to a reasonable evaluation process. Dr. Yasser Mahgoub 4
  5. 5. The Architectural Graduation Project 7. Preparation of Preliminary Project The student should follow a clear design process to develop the selected ideas into a preliminary design project. Design should be seen as an organized process of transforming architectural program of needs into a three dimensional configuration of space suitable for execution through several linear and non-linear design decision stages. 8. Development of Final project, report and model At the end of Graduation 2, students are required to present to a jury committee a final architectural project that reflects the skills and expertise throughout undergraduate education. The final project should include the following items: Complete architectural drawings (studies, layout, plans, elevations, sections, perspectives, computer animations, etc.) Model of the final project Final report describing all the above design process. (See appendices for details.) Evaluation of the Graduation Project A jury committee twice per semester during each phase evaluates the Graduation Project. The first jury is held after selection of project title, contents and site. It includes presentation of similar examples. This jury is to insure the student’s proper selection of the project size, contents, and site. The second jury is held at the end of Graduation Project 1 to evaluate the student’s development of program and design ideas. The third jury is held after completion of final drawings of the project during Graduation Project 2. The fourth jury is held at the end of Graduation 2 after completion of drawings, model and final report. Graduation project design instructors evaluate the first and third juries while the second and graduation project design instructors and guest jurors from the profession will conduct fourth jury. At the end of the semester an exhibition should be held to display the best graduation projects and to praise the distinguished students. The evaluation is based on the following criteria: Design General Aspects: Program analysis and Site fitting Design Functionality: Space utilization and Circulation Dr. Yasser Mahgoub 5
  6. 6. The Architectural Graduation Project Design Form and Expression: Compositional and spatial aspects Technical Considerations: Environmental respectability and Structural stability Presentation: Graphical and oral presentations of the project, models and written report Grading Grading is based on the following: Attendance 10 % Progress 50 % First Jury 10 % Second Jury 30 % Appendices Appendix 1: The Final Drawings The final drawings should be presented on A1 sheets including the following minimum requirements: Studies and analysis of site and program with an appropriate scale The layout scale 1:400 / 1: 500 Plans scale 1:200 or 1:400 / 1:500 Sections and Elevations 1:200 Interior and Exterior perspectives with an appropriate scale The final model should be made by the student using simple material and techniques scale.1:400 / 1:500 The project should be presented and arranged in a professional form. All the accumulated skills in drafting, shade and shadow, perspective, and computer presentation should be demonstrated in the final project. The student should put effort in arranging and presenting their project imitating professional architectural offices. Appendix 2: The Final report The report should include the following: 1. Introduction Dr. Yasser Mahgoub 6
  7. 7. The Architectural Graduation Project 2. Description of the project and its goals 3. Analysis of similar local and international examples 4. The Final Project 4.1. Need Space program and definition of the design problem, Functions, relationships, areas, and volumes. 4.2. Context Site selection and analysis, Zoning of programme functions. Environmental analysis 4.3. Form Design alternatives and design decisions The proposed design idea Structural and specialized studies Drawings and pictures of the final model Use of computer drafting & Design Software is recommended and shall be adequately rewarded in the assessment. Appendix 3: The Project File The project file is an important tool to document the development and progress of design ideas. It also facilitates the preparation of the final report. Each student should maintain a course file from day 1 of his/her graduation project. The project file is a large folder that is divided into the following sections: Program Site Examples Design Data Design ideas Dr. Yasser Mahgoub 7