Architectural Design 1 Lectures by Dr. Yasser Mahgoub - Lecture 11 Materials

2,746 views

Published on

Architectural Design 1 Lectures by Dr. Yasser Mahgoub. These lectures on architectural design are addressed to first year design students.

Published in: Design, Business, Technology
1 Comment
12 Likes
Statistics
Notes
No Downloads
Views
Total views
2,746
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
55
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
0
Comments
1
Likes
12
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Architectural Design 1 Lectures by Dr. Yasser Mahgoub - Lecture 11 Materials

  1. 1. Architectural Design Lectures Lecture 9 Materials Lectures to Architectural Design 1 October 2009 By: Dr. Yasser Mahgoub
  2. 2. Materials <ul><li>Structural Materials </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Structural elements </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Exterior Walls </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Roofs </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Finishing Materials </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Exterior Finishing Materials </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Walls </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Roofs </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Openings </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Interior Finishing Materials </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Walls </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Floors </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Ceilings </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Openings </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>External Finishing Materials </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Pavements </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Landscape </li></ul></ul></ul>
  3. 3. MATERIALIZATION <ul><li>1. The Materials </li></ul><ul><li>2. The Enclosure </li></ul><ul><li>3. Structural Systems </li></ul><ul><li>4. Composition of the Building </li></ul>
  4. 4. 1. THE MATERIALS Selection of materials should be done with a high degree of coordination: a) seeking material unity (large number of different materials tend to create a sense of disunity ) b) atmosphere or feeling (expression) c) texture compatibility (association among materials) d) surrounding buildings (uses and patterns)
  5. 5. 1. THE MATERIALS
  6. 6. 1. THE MATERIALS
  7. 7. 1. THE MATERIALS
  8. 8. 1. THE MATERIALS
  9. 9. STRUCTURAL MATERIALS
  10. 10. Interior Materials
  11. 11. 2. THE ENCLOSURE The materialization of the is the creation of the physical shell around the building spaces. This materialization is concerned with the relationships between: enclosure the enclosing planes, the openings, and the elements of the structure
  12. 12. 2. THE ENCLOSURE The enclosing planes of a building include its... <ul><ul><ul><li>Roofs and Ceilings: </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>- The roof plane and the ceiling plane may be the </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>same (i.e. wood deck) or two different surfaces </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>(dropped ceiling) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>- Avoid roof situations that trap water. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>- The protection of overhangs should be used only </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>when needed. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Floors: </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>- In multi-story and basement conditions, the floor is </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>similar to the roof framing. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>- Where land contours are pronounced, floor levels of </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>spaces may impose upon or be in sympathy with the </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>land. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Walls: </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>- Walls may be structural (bearing other loads) or non </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>structural (only holding up their own weight) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>- Non-structural walls are used for barriers or filters </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>between two conflicting or incompatible situations: </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>walls may be temperature, acoustic or visual barriers. </li></ul></ul></ul>roof, ceiling, floor and walls
  13. 13. 2. THE ENCLOSURE Openings in buildings may take several forms: Openings should be woven into the entire building geometry as strongly as possible doors, windows, skylights, etc. <ul><ul><ul><li>Doors </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>- Door placement should relate to the circulation </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>system in the building and spaces. It determines the </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>number of used areas formed in a space. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>- Doors should rest against a wall when open. This </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>minimizes swing area needed and door interference </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>with space activities. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>- Interior doors swing into its space while exterior </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>doors swing out. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Windows </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>- The extent and placement of window openings </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>should relate to space need for view, light or </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>protection from outside forces. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>- Window sill height should relate to furniture height </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>where furniture is against a wall at a window. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>- Window placement must respond to view orientation </li></ul><ul><li>of spaces. </li></ul>
  14. 19. ROSENTHAL CENTER FOR CONTEMPORARY ART Zaha Hadid CINCINNATI, Ohio
  15. 20. Thank you Dr. Yasser Mahgoub http://ymahgou.fortunecity.com/

×