Cuts and Scratches• Wash them with soap and water on a piece of cotton or clean cloth. Rinse thoroughly with plenty of clean water.• Cover with bandages to keep the cut clean.
Animal Bites or human bites• Allow the wound to bleed a little to allow germs/bacteria to be flushed out.• Wash well with soap and water. Get the skin open as much as you can and flush the wound under running water for 5 minutes.• Cover wound with sterile gauze.• Call a doctor.
Severe Bleeding• Stop bleeding with pressure using your hand pad. Later, a thick pad of gauze can be pressed against the wound and bandaged firmly. Continue applying pressure until professional help arrives.• For wounded arms, hands, feet, and legs, bleeding can be reduced by elevating injured part possibly at heart level or higher. Clean and dress the wound.
Nose Bleeding• Allow the child to sit for a few minutes.• A cold compress on the forehead, at the back of the neck or the upper lip help stop bleeding.• Prevent the child from blowing his nose, pressing or squeezing it. Pinching the whole lower part for 5 minutes then letting go slowly and gently is advisable.• If nosebleed still continues for 10 minutes, get in touch with a doctor.
Burns• Apply cold water on the burn as quickly as possible to cool it and reduce the formation of blisters, lessen the pain and cleanse the wound.• Avoid applying creams, lotion and avoid touching the burn itself. Cover with folded padding and loosely bandage.
Sprains• Allow the person to lie down and elevate the sprained part on a pillow.• Put an ice pack over the sprain to control deep hemorrhage and swelling at a minimum.• Support the sprain with a thick pad and elastic bandage.• Have the sprain examined by a doctor.
Fractures• Attend to open wounds or bleeding before dealing with the fracture.• Avoid moving the injured part to lessen injury. If fractures are on the head to the torso, wait for a professional help.• Protect the broken bone from undue movements by splints, sling and other supports.
Fever Fits• Put patient in the recovery position and tip head back.• Remove clothes and cool him with cold wet sponge. Do this until temperature is reduced by one or two degrees.• Bring him to a doctor lightly dressed.
Choking• Let the patient cough vigorously if he can.• If he cannot cough, alternate back blows with abdominal thrust.• Try to remove the obstruction by placing a curved finger into the mouth. Probe the area gently and hook the object out quickly.• Let the patient be examined by a doctor.
Unconsciousness• Check if the patients is not breathing. If so, gibe artificial respiration while waiting for doctor. Loosen tight clothing and proceed as illustrated below.• Never apply artificial respiration to a patient who is breathing.
Fainting• When a person who is sitting feels faint, assist him to bend all the way forward with his head between his legs. This is to allow oxygen carrying blood to flow to the head.• If the patient is lying down, put him on his back. Keep his head low while his legs are raise with support.