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  1. 1. LENAPE LANGUAGE LESSONS   <br />Level 1, Lesson 1<br />
  2. 2. New Number Word<br />1<br />kweti (kwuh-tee) <br />
  3. 3. New Color Word<br />It is black<br />seke (seekay)<br />he or she is black<br />seksu (seek-soo) <br />
  4. 4. New living (animate) word<br />crow<br />ahas    (ah-hahs) <br />crows<br />ahasak (ah-hah-sahk)<br />
  5. 5. Conversation<br />Hello!<br />He! (hay)<br />How are you?<br />Kulamalsihech?<br />(kool-uh-mahl-seehuch) <br />I am fine.<br />Nulamalsi(nool-uh-mahl-see).<br />
  6. 6. New non-living (inanimate) word<br />shirt<br />hempes  (hem-buhs) <br />shirts(This word also means "clothes" in general)<br /> <br />hempsa  (hemb-sah) <br />
  7. 7. Try saying and understanding these phrases:<br />kwetiahas <br />one crow<br />kwetihempes <br />one shirt<br />
  8. 8. Test<br />1. Say "Hello" in Lenape.  2. Say "How are you?" 3. Say "I am fine." 4. Say the Lenape word for each of the following:            crow             crows              one               it is black              he/she is black              shirt              shirts  5. Say the following in Lenape:            one crow               one shirt   <br />
  9. 9. Game of the month<br />"Uno". <br />This will teach numbers and colors.  For now say the numbers and colors in English.  As you learn the Lenape words for the colors and numbers, you will play the game using Lenape.  Each time you or your opponent plays a card, say the number and color on the card.  Substitute the Lenape words for numbers and colors as you learn them.<br />
  10. 10. Song of the month<br />All songs can be found in the "Children's Songs in Lenape Book".  Sing the song "Head, Shoulders, Knees, and Toes" in English, then in Lenape.  Point to the parts of the body as you sing this song.  At the end of this month you will know the Lenape words for:  head, shoulder, knee, toe, eye, ear, mouth, nose, arm, hand, leg, foot.<br />
  11. 11. Suggested Reading  -  <br />"Rainbow Crow"<br />by Chief Bill Whippoorwhill Thompson<br />
  12. 12. Aptonahanne (Flow of words) Lesson<br />1. One thing that makes Lenape different from English is that words are often whole  thoughts.  The word "kulamalsi"  means "You are fine/well".   "nulamalsi"  means "I am fine/well".  It is the same with the color words.  "seke" means "It is black". "seksu" means "He or she is black."   <br />2. Add the word "hech" to a Lenape sentence to make it a question. "kulamalsi" means "You are fine/well."  If you add "hech", you are saying, "Are You  well?”<br />3. In Lenape, some words are thought of as living words and some are thought of as non-living words.  Most of the time it is just common sense.  Words that describe living things have certain endings on them and words that describe non-living things have other endings.  The colors are a good example. You will see how this works as we learn more colors.<br />
  13. 13. *The pronunciations <br />*The pronunciations in parenthesis are approximate renditions of the words and are there to aid students who have not studied phonetics, as is the case with many of the people I work with in my community.  The phonetic renditions of the words can be found in the Lenape-English Dictionary at the end of this text.  It is essential to listen to the recordings that accompany each lesson in order to master the proper pronunciations.<br />
  14. 14. Test Answers<br />1. Hey  2. Kulamalsihech?3. Nulamalsi4.             crow             crows              one               it is black              he/she is black              shirt              shirts  5. Say the following in Lenape:            one crow               one shirt  <br />