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  • Nazism

    1. 1.  What is Nazism? Weimar Republic The First World War (1914 to 1918) The Period in between 1st & 2nd World War The Second World War (1939 to 1945) Period of Hitler & Nazism in Germany End of Nazism & Second World war
    2. 2.  Nazism is a System and structure of ideas about world and politics.
    3. 3. ALLIED POWER BLOCK AXIS POWER BLOCKS(ALLIES) USSR  Germany USA  Jappan UK  Ittaly FRANCE(In the initial stage U K and France took the leadership, 1941 U S A and U S S R joined)
    4. 4.  Germany was Powerful in the earliest of 20th centuary. They fought in 1st W.W with Austria against Allied powers……. England, France, Russia. Had a hope they can gain a quick victory. Germany gained initial gains & captured France and Belgium. In 1917 U S entered in Allied power block they become much strong. Germany completely defeated in the 1st W.W in 1918 The defeat of Germany & Abdiction of Monarchy gave an opportunity to Parliamentary parties to recast their politics. A National assembly met at Weimar & they estd a Democratic Constitution with Federal Structure. Deputies were elected to the German Parliament- Reichstag on the base of equal and universal votes cast by all adults including womens.
    5. 5.  The communists backed by the Bolshevik used the instability of the country a stage of revolution. It was led by Luxemburg they tried to organise a revolution. But the army crushed the attempt. The right wing Kapp Pustch (Army wing) tried to back the country Prussian aristocratic domination. It failed but all the officers fled from Berlin it created a vacuum to be filled by the workers. This was followed by strikes in all cities. Finally army suppressed all the revolution.
    6. 6.  In 1923 they introduced a new currency. Its name was Rentenmark It strengthened Germany’s monetary system. It helped them to create a political stability in Germany.
    7. 7.  Politically it was a fragile. The weimar constitution had some defects, which made unstable and vulnerable to dictatorship. Another one was proportional representation. This made achieving a majority by any one party a near impossible task, leading a rule of coalitions. Article 48 which gave the president the powers to impose emergency, suspend civil rights. They failed to manage this situations. The peoples they have lost their confidence in the Democratic system.
    8. 8.  It was formed after the 2nd W.W. Its duty was to prosecute Nazi war criminals. Also to prosecute the crimes against Peace & crimes against Humanity. They sentenced only eleven leading Nazi leaders to death & many others were imprisoned.
    9. 9. Six million  Jews (Hitler believed that Jews are the main enemies of Germany)20 lakh Gypsies in EuropeOne million Polish civilians70,000 thousand Germans mentaly/physically disabledBrief account of human lose happened in the 2nd World war
    10. 10.  Nazis introduced lot of unprecedented means of killing people. Genocidal means killing on large scale of people leading to the destruction of large section of people. Ausch Witz is one of the example of killing centre in second W.W.
    11. 11.  The 1st W.W was comes to an end on the base of the Versaille treaty. Most of the agreement was harsh & humiliating peace Germany has lost its overseas colonies. Lost its tenth of its population 13% territory, 7.5% Iron, 26% of its coal forced to pay France, Poland, Denmark & Lithuania. Allied powers has demiliterised Germany & prevented them from the making of weapon. Forced to pay a huge war compensation to allied nation amount of six billion pound. Allied powers occupied rich resources of Germany.
    12. 12. SUPPORTERS FREE CORPS Socialists  Organisation of war veterans in the 2nd W.W. Catholics  They were supported the Weimar Republic Democracts and they were crushed the uprisings in Germany.
    13. 13.  Affected the entire continent both Psychologically & Financially. From a continent of Creditors Europe turned in to Debtors. A huge economic crisis emerged all over the World. The economic crisis led the years of Depression in Europe and all over the world. Affected the Society & Politics of Europe very harmfully.
    14. 14.  The soldiers led a miserable life in the trenches. They faced poison gases and shelling witnessed their rank reduced rapidly. The Weimar republic carried the burden of war guilt and national humiliation. Germany were forced to pay a huge war indemnity.
    15. 15.  The supporters of the Weimar Republic were Socialists, Catholics and Democrats became very easy target to attack the conservative nationalist circle. They were mockingly called November criminals.
    16. 16.  Germany fought in the war largely on loans and had to pay war reparations in gold. This depleted gold reserves at a time recourses were scarce. In 1923 Germany refused to pay war debt and France captured one of their leading industrial area Ruhr, claming their coal. Germany followed a passive resistance and printed lot of paper currency. With too much printed money caused the German market fell. Value of market collapsed. This led to the hyper inflation in Germany.
    17. 17.  Reduce or empty  Make up for a out wrong done.
    18. 18.  Over production led to the economic depression and collapse the American Stock market. American farmers had greatly increased their production during the war period. But after the revolt the demand for food reduced and price fell. The capitalists tried to increase their profit and paid low wages to the workers. Thus goods remained unsold in America. Also not much demand in Europe due to the collapse of Economy after the 1 W.W.
    19. 19.  America began to speculate in the stock market with borrowed money. As a result in October 1929 New york Stock Exchange collapsed. Value of shares dropped. Banks, factories, mining companies and business firms went bankrupt. There led to a large scale of poverty, unemployment and starvation.
    20. 20.  The economic crisis affected the German economy very harmfully. The industrial production was reduced. Workers lost their jobs and paid low wages. Un employment emerged in all over Germany. It affected the peasants, womans and Childrens in Germany
    21. 21.  The First W.W was comes to an end on the base of the Versailles treaty. But most of its agreements were harsh and humiliating peace. So the peoples in Germany was not satisfied in this agreement. Politically and Economically Weimar republic was a failure. Especially the crisis in the field of Economy, Polity and Society formed the background the the rise of Hitler in to power.
    22. 22.  Born in 1889 in Austria Spent his youth in poverty During the time of 1.W.W he joined the army Acted as messenger then became a corporal and earned the medal for bravery. The defeat of Germany horrified him and Versailles treaty made him furious. In 1919 he joined a small group- German Workers Party. Consequently he took over the charge of this organisation and renamed as Nationalist German Workers Party This party came to be known as Nazi party.
    23. 23.  He was a powerful speaker & charismatic leader. His passion and words influenced the people. He promised to build a strong nation, undo the injustice of the V.T and restore the dignity of the German people. He promised employment, and secure future for the youth. He promised to weed out all the foreign influences and resist all foreign conspiracies against Germany. He devised a new style of politics. He tried to make a unity among the people. In 1923 he was arrested and imprisoned, in there he wrote his autobiography- Mein Kamph, considered the Bible of the Nazi Party. This influenced the people very much bcz their dignity and pride had been shattered, also they were in very misserable economic and political condition. So……..
    24. 24.  In 1919 Hitler Hitler joined in a small group called German Workers party He subsequently took over the charge of the organisation and renamed in the National Socialist German Workers Party. This party came to be known as Nazi Party.
    25. 25.  1923- planned to seize control of Bavaria, march to Berlin and capture power. It was failed and he was arrested. 1930 early- Nazis failed to mobilise the people. 1929- Great Depression, helped the Nazi party to mobilise the people. 1928- Nazis got only 2.6% votes in the Reichstag (German parliament) 1932- It had become the largest party got 37% votes. 1933- president Hindenburg offered the chancellorship, the highest position in the cabinet ministers.
    26. 26.  It was passed on 3 March 1933. This Act established dictatorship in Germany. It gave Hitler all powers to Sideline parliament and rule. All political parties and trade unions were banned except the Nazi parties. The state established control over the Economy, Army, Media and Judiciary.
    27. 27.  Special police system and security forces were created to control and order society in ways Nazis wanted. Green Uniform- Already existed police group. In addition to this they formed Storm Troopers- S A (it included) Gestapo- Secret State Police. S S- The protection Squads S D- Criminal Police & Security Service. The police forces acquired powers to rule with impunity,
    28. 28.  What was the plans of Hitler after becoming the chancellor of Germany to consolidate the Nazi power (or) Explain the three fold plan of Hitler introduced for to bring all the powers under his control. (or) The ways and circumstances- Hitler from the position of Chancellor to president.
    29. 29.  In 1933 Jan 30 president Hindenburg offered chancellorship, the highest position of cabinet ministers to Hitler. Having acquired the power, he dismantled the structures of democratic rule. In 1933 Feb 28, he suspended the civic rights like- freedom of speech, press and assembly, that had been granted by the Weimar republic. Then he turned his attention against the communists- most of whom where hurriedly packed off the newly established concentration camp. Enabling Act- (slide No.31) Police System- ( Slide No.32)
    30. 30.  Hitler assigned the economic recovery to the economist Hjalmar Schavat. They aimed at full production and full employment through a state-funded work- creation progreamme. This product produced the famous German superhighways and the peoples car, volswagen.
    31. 31.  In Foreign policy Hitler acquired quick success. He pulled out of the League of Nation in 1933, reoccupied Rhinland in 1936. He integrated Austria with Germany under the slogan- One people, one Nation and one Leader. He went to wrest (capture) German speaking Sudentenland from Checkoslovakia He earned unspoken support from England, which had considered versaille verdict too harsh. These quick success at home and abroad seemed to reverse the destiny of the country.
    32. 32.  1939 Sep-Germany invaded Poland. This started a war with France and England. 1940 Sep- Tripartite pact was signed- Germany, Italy and Japan It strengthend the power of Hitler and he became an international power. Puppet regims, supportive of Nazi, were installed in large part of Europe. End of 1940- Hitler was at the pinnacle of his power. Hitler moved to achieve long term aim of conquering Eastern Europe. He wanted to ensure food supplies and living space for Germans.
    33. 33.  1941 June- attacked Soviet Union. In this historical blunder Hitler exposed German western front to British aerial bombing and the eastern front to powerful Soviet armies. The Soviet Red army has defeated Germany in Stalingrad. They hounded out the retreating German soldiers until they reached the Berlin. It helped the Soviet to establish their hegemony in East Europe. USA did not entered the war- they feared a economic crisis once again like after the first W.W But it could not stay out of the war for long.
    34. 34.  Japan tried to expand their power in the East. They occupied French Indo China, they planned to attacks on US naval base in Pacific. Japan extended their support to Hitler and bombed the US base at Pearl Harbor. Finally US entered in to the second W.W. In May 1945 the Second World war comes to an end of the defeat of Germany and Hitler committed suicide. U S dropped atom bomb on Hiroshima and Nagasaki in Japan.
    35. 35.  Briefly explain the major ideologies of Nazism (or) Peculiar features of Nazi thinking. (or) Explain the idea of racialism put forward by Hitler (or) Role of Darwin and Spencer in the Nazi ideology (or) The meaning of desirable and undesirable in the Nazi thinking. (or) Why the Nazis considered the Jews and Gypsies are the enemies of Germany.
    36. 36.  The Nazi ideology was synonymous with (H) world view. According to this no equality between the people only the racial hierarchy. Blue-eyed Nordic German Aryans- at the top & Jews located at the lowest rung. Jews were considered as anti race or arch enemies of Aryans Other coloured people were placed in different place according to their physical features. Hitler idea of racism borrowed from- the thinkers like Charles Darwin and Herbert Spencer. Darwin a natural scientist- father of evolution theory- put forward the idea of evolution and natural selection. Spencer- Survival of the fittest. The Nazi argument was simple the strongest race will survive and weak one would perish.
    37. 37.  The Nazis believed that the Aryan race was the finest, it had to retain purity, become stronger and dominate the world. Another aspect of (H) ideology was- concept of Lebensraum or living space. He believed that new territories need for settlement. This enabled the settlers a new land to retain an intimate link with place of their origin. The German boundaries by moving eastwards, concentrated all Germans geographically one place. Poland became the laboratory of their experimentation.
    38. 38.  Nazis tried to the physical elimination of undesirable in the extended empire. They wanted only Pure and Healthy Nordic Aryans. They alone were considered Desirable. Only the worthy and prosperous- Desirable and others were considered Undesirable. This meant even those Germans who were seen impure or abnormal had no right to exist.
    39. 39.  Gypsies and Blacks in Germany considered as racial inferiors, who threatened the biological purity of Superior Aryans race. They were widely persecuted. Even Russian and Poles- Subhuman, and hence undeserving of any humanity. Germany- captured Poland and parts of Russia- and civilians were forced to work as slave labour. Many of them died simply through hardwork and starvation.
    40. 40.  Jews faced worst sufferings from Nazis. They hatred of Jews had a precursor in the traditional Christian hostility towards Jews. They had been stereotyped (no changing) as killers of Christ and usurers (money lenders) Medieval times Jews were barred from owning land. They survived mainly through trade and money lending. They lived in separately marked areas- Ghettos They were often persecuted through periodic organized violence and expulsion from the land. Hitler hatred Jews was based on pseudoscientific theories of race- no solution to Jewish problem It could be solved only through their total elimination.
    41. 41.  Gypsies and Blacks in Germany considered as racial inferiors, who threatened the biological purity of Superior Aryans race. They were widely persecuted. Even Russian and Poles- Subhuman, and hence undeserving of any humanity. Germany- captured Poland and parts of Russia- and civilians were forced to work as slave labour. Many of them died simply through hardwork and starvation.
    42. 42.  Jews faced worst sufferings from Nazis. They hatred of Jews had a precursor in the traditional Christian hostility towards Jews. They had been stereotyped (no changing) as killers of Christ and usurers (money lenders) Medieval times Jews were barred from owning land. They survived mainly through trade and money lending. They lived in separately marked areas- Ghettos They were often persecuted through periodic organized violence and expulsion from the land. Hitler hatred Jews was based on pseudoscientific theories of race- no solution to Jewish problem It could be solved only through their total elimination.
    43. 43.  1933-1939- Nazis terrorised, pauperised (absolute poverty) and segregated the Jews, compelling them leave the country. 1939-1945- aimed at concentrating them in certain areas and eventually killing them in gas chambers in Poland.
    44. 44.  Genocide and war became two sides of same coin. Nazis occupied Poland and divided. North western Poland was annexed to Germany. Poles were forced to leave their homes and properties behind to be occupied by ethnic Germans brought in from occupied Europe. Poles were then herded like cattle in the other part called the general govt, the destination of all undesirables of the empire. Members of Polish intelligentsia were murdered in large number- for to keep the entire people intellectually and spiritually servile.
    45. 45.  The Polish children who looked like Aryans were forcibly snatched from their mothers and examined by race experts. If they passed the race test they were raised in German families and if not, they were deposited in orphanages were most perished. Largest ghettos, gas chambers, general govt- served as killing field for the Jews.
    46. 46.  The group that were  Money lenders classified as Gypsy had charging excessive their own community interest; often used a identity. Sinti and term abuse. Roma were two such communities. Many of them traced their origin in India.
    47. 47.  Reduce to absolute  Systematic, organised poverty punishment of those belonging to a group or religion.
    48. 48.  1. Only persons or German or related blood would henceforth be German citizens enjoying the protection of the German empire. 2.Marriage between Germans and Jews were forbidden. 3.Extramarital relations between Germans and Jews became a crime. Jews were forbidden to fly the national flag.Other some legal measures Boycott of Jewish business. Expulsion from govt services. Forced selling and confiscation (take possession as punishment) of their properties.
    49. 49.  Stage 1 : Exclusion (1933-1939) Stage 2: ghettoisation (1940- 1944) Stage 3: Annihilation (1941 onwards)Stage 1: Exclusion (1933-1939) Nuremberg Laws of citizenship Sep :1935 Other Legal measures.Besides, Jewish properties were vandalised and looted, house attacked, Synagogues burnt and men arrested in a pogrom (organised massacre) in November 1938, remembered as the night of broken glass.
    50. 50. Stage :2 Ghettoisation : 1940-1944 Sep 1941, all Jews had to wear a yellow star of David on their breasts. The identity mark was stamped on their passport, all illegal documents and houses. They were kept in Jewish house in Germany, and ghettos like Lodz and Warsaw in the east. These became sites of extreme misery and poverty. Jews had to surrender all their wealth before they entered a ghetto. Soon the ghettos were brimming with hunger, starvation and disease due to deprivation and poor hygiene.
    51. 51. Stage 3 :Annihilation -1941 onwards Jews from Jewish house, concentration camps and ghettos from different parts of Europe were brought to death factories by goods train. In Poland and elsewhere in East, most notably Belzek, Auschwitz, Sobibor, Treblinka, Chelmno and majdanek, they were charred in gas chambers Mass killing took place within minutes with scientific precision.
    52. 52.  The Schooling system under Nazism in Germany (or) Hitler thought that Nazi society could be establish only by teaching children Nazi ideology- critically examine. (or) All schools were cleansed and purified by the Nazis- Why? (or) What happened in schools under Nazism? The sports activity in school under Nazi was a spirit of violence and aggression- why?
    53. 53.  Hitler thought that a strong Nazi society could be establish only by teaching children Nazi ideology All schools were cleansed and purified. The teachers from Jewish community and politically unreliable were dismissed. Children were first segregated, Germans and Jews could not sit together or play together. The undesirable children – Jews, gypsies, physically handicapped were thrown out of the school. Finally 1940’s they were taken to the gas champers. Good German children were subjected to a process of Nazi schooling, a prolonged period of ideological training.
    54. 54.  School text books were rewritten. Racial science was introduced to justify Nazi ideas of race. Stereotypes about Jews were popularised even through math class. Children were taught to be loyal and submissive, hate Jews and worship Hitler. The function of sports was to nurture a spirit of violence and aggression among the children. Hitler believed that boxing could make children iron hearted, strong and masculine. All the boys – 6 to 10 went through a preliminary training of Nazi ideology, at the end they take a oath of loyalty to Hitler.
    55. 55. “In the presence of this blood banner whichrepresents our Fuher I swear (promise) todevote all my energies and my strength to thesaviour of our country, Adolf Hitler. I amwilling and ready to give up my life for him, sohelp me God”
    56. 56.  Hitler was fanatically interested in the Youth. Youth Organisations were made responsible for educating German Youth in the spirit of Nationalism. Ten years old had to enter Jungvolk (Nazis Youth group for children below 14 years old) At 14, had to join nazi Youth organisation Hitler Youth. Where they learnt to worship war, glorify aggression and violence, condemn democracy, hate Jews, communists, Gypsies and all those categorised as undesirable. After a period of rigorous ideological and physical training they joined the Labour Service. Usually at the age of 18.
    57. 57.  Then they had to serve in the Armed Forces and enter one of the Nazi organisation. The Youth league of Nazis formed in 1922, four years later it renamed Hitler Youth. To unify the youth movement under Nazi control, all other youth organisation were systematically dissolved and finally banned.
    58. 58.  Briefly describe the role of women in Nazi rule. (or) To encourage produce more children Nazis awarded Golden crosses to the women- Verify this statement. (or) In my sate the mother is the important citizen- statement made by Hitler in 1933- critically examine this statement. (or) I have sulled the honour of the nation- it is a punishment given to the women- analyse the circumstances.
    59. 59.  Nazis considered that women were radically different from men. The fight for equal right, part of democratic struggle everywhere was wrong and it would destroy society. Boys- be aggressive, masculine and steel hearted. Girls- become good mothers and rear poor blooded Aryan children. Girls- maintain purity of the race, keep distance from Jews, look after home, teach their children Nazi values, for to bear the Aryan race and culture. 1933- Hitler said “ In my state the mother is the important citizen.
    60. 60.  But Nazi Germany all mothers were not treated equally. Women who bore racially undesirable children were punished and those who produced racially desirable children were awarded. They got good facilities in hospitals and concessions in shops, theatre, railway etc.. To encourage to produce many children Honour crosses were awarded. Bronze- 4 children, Silver- 6 children, Gold- eight and more. Aryan women who deviated from the prescribed code of conduct were severely punished.
    61. 61.  Those who maintained contact with Jews, Poles and Russians were paraded through the town with shaved heads, blackened faces and placards hanging around their necks announcing “ I have sulled the honour of the nation” Many received jail and sentences and lost civic honour as well as their husbands and families for this criminal offence.
    62. 62.  To find out various words used by the Nazis for the communication (or) Nazis used different labels for the communication- draw up a list of labels (or) Nazis used the term disinfection areas for to address Gas champers- find out some more words
    63. 63.  The Nazis used language and media with care, and often great effect. The terms they used to describe their various practices are not only deceptive. They are chilling. They never used the term kill or murder in thier official communication. Mass Killing - Special treatment, final solution (Jews) Euthanasia (for the disabled), selection and disinfections. Evacuation - deporting people to gas champers. Disinfection areas - gas champers (looked like bathrooms equipped with fake showerheads)
    64. 64.  Nazis had properly utilised the media for the propagation of their ideas- Justify (or) The role of media for the propagation of Nazis world view- describe (or) Nazis ideas spread through- visual images, film, radio, posters, catchy slogan, leaflets- prove this statement with examples.
    65. 65.  Media was carefully used to win support for the regime and popularise its world views. Nazis ideas spread through- visual images, film, radio, posters, catchy slogan, leaflets. In posters- mocked, abused and described as evils to the enemies of Germany. Socialists and liberals were represented as weak and degenerate. They were attacked as malicious foreign agents. Propaganda films were made to create hatred for Jews. The most infamous film was- The Eternal Jew. Orthodox Jews were stereotyped and marked. They were shown with flowing beards wearing kaftans, however in reality it was difficult to distinguish German Jews by their outward appearance bcz highly assimilated community.
    66. 66.  They were referred- vermin (harmful to society animals/humans), rats and pests. Their movt compared to those of rodents (animal that gnaws). Nazism worked on the mind of the people, tapped their emotions and turned their hatred and anger at those marked as undesirable. The Nazis made equal efforts to appeal to all the different sections of the population. They sought to win their support by suggesting that Nazis alone could solve all their problems.
    67. 67.  The Nazis were compelled the farmers to belong to Hitler- why? (or) To write a short note on National Socialism Put forward by Nazis (or) The Nazis were against Capitalism and Marxism- why?
    68. 68.  The Nazis warned the farmers of Germany that you are standing in between two great dangerous One is the danger of American Economic System- Big Capitalism. The other is the Marxist economic system of Bolshevism The Big capitalism and Marxism work hand in hand ; they are born of Jewish thought and serve the master plan of world jewery. So the Nazis propagated that only the National Socialism can rescue from this dangerous.
    69. 69.  Briefly describe the approach of common people towards the Nazis (or) The reaction of common people towards Nazim (or) In Germany had many organised resistance against Nazism- Discuss
    70. 70.  Many people saw the World through the Nazi eyes and spoke their mind in Nazi language. The felt hatred and anger those who looked like Jews. They marked the house of Jews and reported suspicious neighbours. They genuinely believed Nazism would bring prosperity and improve general well-being. But not every German was not Nazi. Many organised active resistance to Nazism, braving police repression and death. The large majority of Germans, however were passive and apathetic witness. They were too scared to act, differ, to protest. Pastor Niemoeller- a resistance fighter and he write about this silence……………………
    71. 71.  First they came for the communist well, I was not a communist So I said Nothing. Then they came for the socialist well, I was not a socialist. So I said nothing Then they came for the trade Unionist But I was not a trade unionist And then they came for the Jews But I was not a Jew- so I did little Then when they came for me There was no one left who could stand up for me
    72. 72. To write a short note on Charlotte Beradt and her book- Third Reich of Dream (or)The Jewish people feared their dreams- Examin She secretly recorded people’s dream in her diary and later published a book called Third Reich of Dream. In this book she describing the Jews themselves believed Nazi stereotypes about them. They dreamt of their hooked noses, black hair and eyes, Jewish looks and body movts. The images publicised in the Nazi press haunted the Jews They troubled them even in their dreams. The Jews many deaths even before they reached the gas chambers.
    73. 73.  The information about Nazi practices had trickled out of Germany during the last years of the war. Germany defeated the world war and realised the horrors of what had happened. The Germans preoccupied with their own plight. The Jews wanted the world to remember the atrocities and sufferings they had endured the during Nazi killing operations- called Holocaust. The spirit to bear witness and to preserve the document can be seen in many ghettos and camp inhabitants who wrote diaries, kept note books and created archives
    74. 74.  On the other hand when the war seemed to lost, Nazi leadership distributed petrol to its functionaries to destroy all incriminating evidences available in offices. The history and memory of the Holocaust live on in our memoirs(short life history of a person), fictions, documentaries, poetry, memorials and museums in many parts of world today. (plz seen the pictures page No. 72)
    75. 75. Lijin Golden
    76. 76.  First World War (1914 to 1918) Period in between First and Second World War (1919 to 1939) Second World War (1939 to 1945) Nazism (1922 to 1939) and (1939 to 1945) Hitler (1922 to 1933) and (1933 to 1939) and (1939 to 1945)
    77. 77. I What is Nazism First World War Period Course of the war Allies and Central Powers Results of I W.W - World level and Germany Economic - World level and Germany
    78. 78. 2 Weimar Republic Circumstances of the birth of Weimar Republic Supporters of Weimar Republic How they achieved stability – Rentenmark Problems faced by the Weimar Republic Politically it was a failure Woodrow Wilson and his 14 points Formation of League of Nation Versailles Treaty major agreements and aspects
    79. 79. 3 Economic Crisis in USA Causes Effects Great Depression Effects in Germany Inflation in Germany Meaning – Allies, Genocidal, November Criminals, Reparation, Deplete and Wall street Exchange
    80. 80. 4 Adolf Hitler Early Life Formation of Nazi Party Initial attempts made by the Nazis Promises made by Hitler Elections attended by the Nazi party Calibers of Adolf Hitler Mein Kamph Hitler achieved the throne of chancellorship and president.
    81. 81. 5 Hitler and his Dictatorship Destruction of Democracy Communists and their condition Banned the civic rights and media Enabling Act Police System under Nazis Recovery methods of Hitler Economic plan and Economist Economic plan- S F W C P and Results Foreign Policy- Austria, Sudentenland and Brittain
    82. 82.  Second World War Allied and Axis power blocks Course of the War Time Line Result of the War Death of Hitler Formation of UNO Meaning- Nordic German Aryans, Concentration camp, Propaganda
    83. 83.  IDEOLOGY OF NAZISM Superior and Inferior Human and Subhuman Desirable and undesirable Pure and Impure Role of Darwin and Spencer Theory of Racialism Theory of Geography- lebensrum No alternative – Physical elimination Condition- Jews, Gypsies, Russians, Black and Poles
    84. 84.  Nuremsberg Law of Citizenship- 1935 Stages of Death Exclusion Gettoisation Annihilation Meaning- Usurers, pauperised, Concentration camp, Gypsies, Gas Champers
    85. 85.  Nazis Approach Jews- Ghettos Undesirables Poles- Government general Nazis Approach Children- Schools, Text book, Separation, race test, sports activity Oath after preliminary training Youths- Organisations, Hitler Youth Women- Girl students, Honor of Cross and Punishments
    86. 86.  Nazis Approach Language Media Approach of Common people towards Nazism Resistance Movements National Socialism Capitalism Bolshevism The third Reich of Dream Holocaust