Chinese landscape painting knowledge 国画山水知识-cn art-gallery
Chinese Painting Knowledge Chinese Painting Online Chinese Landscape Painting (Provide by http://www.cnartgallery.com/)Chinese Landscape Painting (Shan shui) Shan shui (Landscape. Chinese: 山水 lit. "mountain-water") refers to a style of Chinese painting that involves or depicts scenery or natural landscapes, using a brush and ink rather thanmore conventional paints. Mountains, rivers and often waterfalls are prominent in this art form.HistoryShan shui painting first arose to prominence during the 5thcentury, in the reign of the Liu Song Dynasty. It was latercharacterized by a group of landscape painters such as ZhangZeduan, most of them already famous, who produced large-scalelandscape paintings. These landscape paintings usually centeredon mountains. Mountains had long been seen as sacred placesin China, which were viewed as the homes of immortals and thus,close to the heavens. Philosophical interest in nature, or inmystical connotations of naturalism, could also have contributedto the rise of landscape painting. The art of shan shui, like manyother styles of Chinese painting has a strong reference to Taoist(Daoist) imagery and motifs, as symbolisms of Taoism stronglyinfluenced "Chinese landscape painting". Some authors have suggested that Daoist stress on howminor the human presence is in the vastness of the cosmos, or Neo-Confucian interest in the patterns orprinciples that underlie all phenomena, natural and social lead to the highly structuralized nature of shanshui.Concepts
Chinese Painting Knowledge Chinese Painting OnlineMost dictionaries and definitions of shan shui assume that the term includes all ancient Chinesepaintings with mountain and water images. Contemporary Chinese painters, however, feel that onlypaintings with mountain and water images that follow specific conventions of form, style and functionshould be called "shan shui painting." When Chinese painters work on shan shui painting, they do nottry to present an image of what they have seen in the nature, but what they have thought about nature.No one cares whether the painted colors and shapes look like the real object or not.According to Cheng Hsi:Shan shui painting is a kind of painting which goes against the common definition of what a painting is.Shan shui painting refutes color, light and shadow and personal brush work. Shan shui painting is not anopen window for the viewers eye, it is an object for the viewers mind. Shan shui painting is more like avehicle of philosophy.Compositions Shan shui paintings involve a complicated and rigorous set of almost mystical requirements for balance, composition, and form. All shan shui paintings should have 3 basic components: Paths - Pathways should never be straight. They should meander like a stream. This helps deepen the landscape by adding layers. The path can be the river, or a path along it, or the tracing of the sun through the sky over the shoulder of the mountain.. The concept is to never create inorganic patterns, but instead to mimic the patterns that nature creates. The Threshold - The path should lead to a threshold. The threshold is there to embrace you and provide a special welcome. The threshold can be the mountain, or its shadow upon the ground, or its cut into the sky. The concept is always that a mountain or its boundary must be defined clearly. The Heart - The heart is the focal point of the painting and all elements should lead to it. The heart defines the meaning of the painting. The concept should imply that each painting has a single focal point, and that all the natural lines of the painting direct inwards to this point.Elements and colorsShan shui is painted and designed in accordance with Chinese elemental theory with five elementsrepresenting various parts of the natural world, and thus has specific directions for colorations thatshould be used in directions of the painting, as to which should dominate.Direction Element ColourEast Wood Green
Chinese Painting Knowledge Chinese Painting OnlineSouth Fire RedNE / SW Earth Tan or YellowWest / NW Metal White or goldNorth Water Blue or BlackPositive interactions between the Elements are: Wood produces Fire Fire produces Earth Earth produces Metal Metal produces Water Water produces Wood Elements that react positively should be used together. For example, Water complements both Metal and Wood; therefore, a painter would combine blue and green or blue and white. There is a positive interaction between Earth and Fire, so a painter would mix Yellow and Red.Negative interactions between the Elements are: Wood uproots Earth Earth blocks Water Water douses Fire Fire melts Metal Metal chops WoodElements that interact negatively should never be used together. For example, Fire will not interactpositively with Water or Metal so a painter would not choose to mix red and blue, or red and white.Connection to poetryA certain movement in poetry, influenced by the shan shui style, came to be known as "shan shuipoetry". Sometimes, the poems were designed to be viewed with a particular work of art, others wereintended to be "textual art" that invoked an image inside a readers mind.
Chinese Painting Knowledge Chinese Painting OnlineInfluenceAnimation and filmThe art form of shan shui has been popular to the point where a Chinese animation from 1988 entitledFeeling from Mountain and Water uses the same art style and even the term for the films title.Additionally, many recent movies and plays produced in China, specifically House of Flying Daggersand Hero, use elements of the style itself in the sets, as well as the elemental aspects in providing"balance".ConstructionThe term shan shui is sometimes extended to include gardening and landscape design, particularlywithin the context of feng shui.