Baekje dynasty


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Baekje Dynasty is one of the Three Kingdom in South Korea's History. This presentation was presented in Korean History & Culture Class at Global ITTP. Content ranged from general information to the legacy. Additional content about Sriwijaya Kingdom in Indonesia is available at the latest slide. All picture and information was gathered from,wikipedia and several other resources.

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  • The allied forces of Silla and Tang Dynasty set July 10, 660 as the date to take Baekje’s capital, Sabi. The Tang troops, which came to about 130,000 men, landed on the river mouth of Geum River and headed towards the capital. The Silla army of 50,000 men led by Kim Yu-shin approached Hwangsanbeol, today’s Nonsan, South Chungcheong province, but were held back by Gyebaek’s army of 5,000 men who were determined to die on battlefield. On July 9, when the Silla troops arrived at Hwangsanbeol, the Baekje forces which were divided into 3 camps received them and won victory in 4 battles.
  • Khmer King Jayavarman II
  • Baekje dynasty

    1. 1. 백제By : Riri Kusumarani Global ITTP Spring 2013
    2. 2. Table of Contents• General Information• Founding History – Expansion• Ungjin & Sabi Period• Bilateral Relationship• Battle of Hwangsanbeol• Resurrection Movement• Great Commander Gyebaek• Kings of Baekje Dynasty• Legacy• Kingdom of Sriwijaya
    3. 3. Information• First Described as Kingdom in 345BC • King – Onjo (18BC – 28 BC• Capital : ) – Wirye (18 BC – 475 BC) – Geungchogo (346- – Ungjin (476 – 538BC) 375BC) – Sabi (538-660BC) – Seong (523-554BC)• Languages – Mu (600 -641BC) – Baekje Language • Population :• Religion Around 3,8Million – Buddhism (official religion in 384) – Confucianism – Korean Shamanism Source :Wikipedia
    4. 4. • Founded by King Onjo , Son of Goguryeo Founder.• Allied with Goguryeo & Silla to take over the Korean Peninsula
    5. 5. Founding History• Source : Samguk Sagi – King Jumong Left Yuri in Buyeo to establish Goguryeo – Later King Jumong had two more sons with So Seo-no : Onjo & Biryu – Yuri Came back to Goguryeo, Jumong made him Crown Prince – Seo-no took her two sons to the south to found their own kingdom – Onjo Settled in Wiryeseong (Hanam) named his territory 십제 , Biryu settled in Michuhol (Incheon)
    6. 6. Expansion• Good relationships with Japanese rulers of the Kofun Period – Chinese writing system, • 249 BC : Expansions Buddhism, Advanced reached Gaya pottery, ceremonial Confederacy. burial • 367 BC : First Diplomatic missions to Japan Source : Nihonshoki
    7. 7. Ungjin and Sabi Period Ungjin Sabi• 475 – 538 BC : Capital at Ungjin • In 538BC King Seong moved (Now Gong-ju) capital to Sabi (Buyeo – Isolated in mountainous terrain county) – Secure against Goguryeo , but disconnected from outsite world • Official name : Nambuyeo – Closer to Silla • Because of Capital strategic – Millitary Alliance between Silla + Baekje against Goguryeo location : King Seong easily• Notable historical places of contacted with China which Ungjin Baekje are Gongsan resulted trade & diplomacy Fortress and Tomb of King flourished Muryeong.
    8. 8. Relationship With China• 372BC : King • King Muryeong & Seong Geunchogo paid sent envoys to Liang tributes to Jin Dynasty Dynasty & received• 420BC : Baekje sent titles of Nobility envoys seeking cultural – Tomb of King Muryeong goods & Technologies was built with bricks according to Liang’s• 472BC : King Gaero tomb style request military aid to Attack Goguryeo
    9. 9. Relationship with Japan• Japan became ally with Baekje to Defeat Silla dynasty• King Muryeong(25th King of Baekje) was born in Japan• When Baekje was defeated, Some noble families & royals emmigrated to Japan.
    10. 10. Battle of Hwangsanbeol• In 600s, Baekje battled with Goguryeo and Silla over territorial claims.• Lost to Silla, Formed alliance with Goguryeo + Japan  Attack Silla – This Made Silla alliance with Tang Dynasty and send 50k force to attack Baekje• King Ujja ignored advise to prepare attack – When already near Tanhyeon & Baekgang  Sent General Gyebaek to Stop.
    11. 11. Battle of Hwangsanbeol Send GyeBaek When Already Near Tanhyeon & Baekgang 130,000 ( Geum River) + 50,000 (Kim-Yu Shin) Vs 5000 G T J S BLosing Han River Area Made Alliances Silla sent Full-Attack Forces when two HWARANG ( 반굴 &관창) died in the battle
    12. 12. RESULT?
    13. 13. The Last Great Commander : GyeBaek – It’s suggested that he was born in Buyeo County – Stories passed down to today’s generation about his power • Ex : When he climbed a mountain (청둥산), Pine Tree Fell ; When he stepped on a rock, his foot steps mark were left on that rock. – He Killed his Own Family!
    15. 15. King Onjo • Founder of Baekje Dynasty • Named Wiryeseong :십재 • Fight with Biryu for Territorial disagreement • Change Kingdom name into 백제
    16. 16. • 25th King of BaekjeKing Muryeong • Expanded International relation with China & Japan • First mission to the newly- established court of the Liang Dynasty. • Japan’s Emperor Akihito, Claimed to have Blood- relationship with King Muryeong • His tomb was built based on Liang Dynasty design
    17. 17. • The last King of BaekjeKing Uija (의자) Dynasty • Her mother was Princess of Silla named Princess Seon- Hwa. • After defeated, He retreated to Ungjin • Later surrendered. – Two sons : Buyeo Hyo and Buyeo Pung
    18. 18. Restoration Movement• After defeated : King Uija and • They welcomed prince Buyeo son Buyeo Yung was sent to Yung as King and Juryu as China Headquarter.• Some rulling class fled to • Rebellation against Tang army Japan and won• Buddhist monk (도침) + • Requested Japanese aid, and Former Baekje General Buyeo returned with 5000 soldiers. Boksin try to revive Baekje • In 662 : Japan sent 27000 soldiers under general Kamitsukeno and 10000soldiers by General Iohara. • In 663 Japan sent 20000troops and 1000ships under General Abe no Hirafu
    19. 19. • In 663 BC : Baekje new Forces confronted with Silla (Battle of Baekgang) + Tang dynasty• They once again lost the battle
    20. 20. LegacyBaekje relics are often symbol those who lived in Chungnam and Jeolla province. •symbol of the artistry of the Baekje people and a masterpiece of Korean art • Probably made around 6th Century • 64 centimeters in height, the body is 19 centimeters in diameter, and it weighs 11.8 kilograms • Might have been used for ancestral ceremonies. Incense-Burner : Buyeo County Youtube
    21. 21. Tomb of King Muryeong •It is the resting place for Baekjes 25th King Mu-Ryeong and his Queen, •108 kinds of artifacts found inside, totaling 2,906 items altogether. 12 of which is designated as National Treasure put in Gongju National Museum Gong-san Fortress•1500years old fortress near GeumgangRiver•Previously named Unjin-seong•was used by King Munjuwang (reigned475-477 A.D.) as the Baekje capital•In 538A.D capital moved to Sabi
    23. 23. General Information• 671 A.D ~ 1100 A.D• Sri = Shining / Glorious ;Wijaya = Victory• According to I-Tsing, from Kedukan Bukit Relics, Sriwijaya Empire existed since 671 under Dapunta Hyang.• Language : Old-Melayu, Sanskrit• Religion : Buddha Vajrayana, Buddha Mahayana, Buddha Hinayana, Hindu• Was famous for its role in Trade in South East Asia (Especially between India and Tiongkok)• Trade pact with Arabian empires : – Sri Indrawarman send his messenger to Bani Umayyah in 718. In return they send back ‘Zanji’
    24. 24. Territory
    25. 25. Legacy• Bahasa Melayu was widely used because of Sriwijaya expansions• Gending Sriwijaya Dance, to portray the hospitality of people at that time.
    26. 26. 감사합니다