nigeria energy demand & supply

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nigeria energy demand & supply

  1. 1. ENERGY DEMAND AND SUPPLY IN NIGERIA PREPARED BY YISAU, TUNDE MOJEED INFRASTRUCTURE PLANNING UNIVERSITY OF STUTTGART
  2. 2. BRIEF @BOUT NIGERI@ @ND THE ENERGY PROFILE :Location :- Western Africa on the Gulf of Guinea :Population :- 168.8 millions (2012): 7th in the World :Population Growth :- 2.55% (2012) :GDP :- 262.6 billion USD (2012) :GDP per Capital :- 2.700 USD (2012) :GDP Growth Rate :- 7.1% (2012) :Energy Sources :- Petroleum, Natural Gas, Coal .etc. :Total Primary Energy Supply :- 4,532.1 PJ (2008) b/d):Crude Oil Production (1,000 b/d):- 2,520 (2012) :Crude Oil Consumption (1,000 b/d) :- 269.88 (2012) :Crude Oil Reserves (billion barrels) :- 37.2 (2012) Energy Sector contributed about 75% of GDP (2013) The Largest Oil Producer in Africa and twelveth in the world The Largest natural gas reserves in Africa and nineth in the world :Total CO2 Emission from Fossil Consumption (mmt) :- 75.96 (2011) Sources: U. S. Energy Information Administration http://www.gecf.org/gecfmembers/nigeria# http://www.indexmundi.com/nigeria/population.html
  3. 3. NIGERIA CRUDE OIL Crude Oil Production Crude Oil Consumption Crude Oil Net Export Attacks on Oil facilities decline following the implementation of the amnesty program in 2009 - thousand barrels per day 3.000 2.500 2.000 Crude output falls by more than 25% as infrastructure attacks and oil theft escalate 1.500 1.000 500 0 1980 1983 1986 1989 1992 1995 1998 Year Source: U. S. Energy Information Administration, 2012 2001 2004 2007 2010
  4. 4. CRUDE OIL RESERVES billion barrels 40 35 30 25 20 15 10 5 0 1980 1982 1984 1986 1988 1990 1992 1994 1996 1998 2000 2002 2004 2006 2008 2010 2012 Source: U. S. Energy Information Administration trillion cubic feet 200 180 160 140 120 100 80 60 40 20 0 Year NATURAL GAS RESERVES 1980 1982 1984 1986 1988 1990 1992 1994 1996 1998 2000 2002 2004 2006 2008 2010 2012 Source: U. S. Energy Information Administration Year
  5. 5. NIGERIA NATURAL GAS Natural Gas Production billion cubic feet 1.400 Natural Gas Consumption 1.200 Closure of the Soku gasgathering plant in late 2008 to 2009 1.000 800 Net Exports 600 400 200 0 1980 1983 1986 1989 1992 1995 Year 1998 2001 2004 2007 2010 Source: U. S. Energy Information Administration, 2012 COAL PRODUCTION AND CONSUMPTION million short tons Coal Production Coal Consumption 0,2 0,15 0,1 0,05 0 1980 1982 1984 1986 1988 1990 1992 1994 1996 1998 2000 2002 2004 2006 2008 2010 Source: U. S. Energy Information Administration Year
  6. 6. ELECTRICITY INSTALLED CAPACITY gigawatts 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 1980 1982 1984 1986 1988 1990 1992 1994 Source: U. S. Energy Information Administration 1996 1998 2000 2002 2004 2006 2008 2010 Year ELECTRICITY NET GENERATION AND CONSUMPTION billion kilowatthours Electricity Generation Electricity Consumption 25 20 15 10 5 0 1980 1982 1984 1986 1988 Source: U. S. Energy Information Administration 1990 1992 1994 1996 Year 1998 2000 2002 2004 2006 2008 2010
  7. 7. TOTAL CO2 EMISSIONS FROM CONSUMPTION OF FOSSIL FUELS million metric tons of co2 120 100 80 60 40 20 0 1980 1982 1984 1986 1988 1990 1992 1994 1996 1998 2000 2002 2004 2006 2008 2010 Source: U. S. Energy Information Administration Year
  8. 8. Nigeria Energy Use per Capital kg 900 800 700 600 500 400 300 200 100 0 1971 1974 1977 1980 1983 1986 Source: World Bank 1989 1992 1995 1998 2001 2004 2007 Year PROJECTED ENERGY DEMAND AND SUPPLY FOR NIGERIA (in Mtoe) Reference (7%) Mtoe High Growth (10%) Optimistic (13%) 800 700 600 500 400 300 200 100 0 2015 2020 2025 Year Source: Energy Commission of Nigeria 2030 2010

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