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Expressive Power and Nature and the Written Word<br />Christia, Tanya, Chaerin, Manaka<br />
Introduction<br />Writing: the purposeful manipulation of language (vocabulary and grammar).<br />How can we use words to ...
Discussion Points<br />Theories of Meaning: image theory<br /> problematic meaning (vagueness, ambiguity, secondary meanin...
Image Theory<br />Meaning of the word = mental image<br />
Problematic Meaning<br />Vagueness: gives a rough idea<br />The cat jumped high into the air.<br />The cat jumped three fe...
Problematic Meaning<br />Secondary Meanings<br />Denotation: primary meaning (dictionary)<br />Connotation: associations<b...
Emotional Meaning<br />Connotation: association<br />Terrorist – negative association<br />Puppies – positive association,...
How does language evoke emotion?<br />Words can create emotional responses from the reader <br />Connotations with differe...
Positive and Negative words <br />Positive words will evoke positive emotions in you<br />While negative words are more li...
Images and Emotions<br />Crystal Cascades<br />Soft upon my eyelashes<br />Turning my cheeks to pink<br />Softly falling, ...
Written Word vs. Spoken Word<br />Writing: the purposeful manipulation of language (vocabulary and grammar).<br />Logistic...
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  1. 1. Expressive Power and Nature and the Written Word<br />Christia, Tanya, Chaerin, Manaka<br />
  2. 2. Introduction<br />Writing: the purposeful manipulation of language (vocabulary and grammar).<br />How can we use words to evoke images and emotions?<br />Why and how does the written word sometimes have a greater influence than the spoken sword?<br />
  3. 3. Discussion Points<br />Theories of Meaning: image theory<br /> problematic meaning (vagueness, ambiguity, secondary meanings (denotation, connotation, euphemisms), metaphors, irony <br />Emotional laden language<br /> emotive meaning<br />
  4. 4. Image Theory<br />Meaning of the word = mental image<br />
  5. 5. Problematic Meaning<br />Vagueness: gives a rough idea<br />The cat jumped high into the air.<br />The cat jumped three feet into the air.<br />Ambiguity: can be interpreted several ways<br />The duchess cannot BEAR children.<br />Have<br />Stand<br />
  6. 6. Problematic Meaning<br />Secondary Meanings<br />Denotation: primary meaning (dictionary)<br />Connotation: associations<br />Euphemism: way to politely rephrase (same denotation, different connotation)<br />Metaphor: understanding one object in terms of another<br />My brother is a butcher.<br />My dentist is a butcher.<br />Irony: saying one thing but meaning another<br />“Great idea, genius.”<br />
  7. 7. Emotional Meaning<br />Connotation: association<br />Terrorist – negative association<br />Puppies – positive association, cute, childhood<br />Banana – neutral, depending on experiences<br />Emotive Language<br /> When emotion effects word choice.<br />Words with strong connotations.<br />
  8. 8. How does language evoke emotion?<br />Words can create emotional responses from the reader <br />Connotations with different words in different cultures can evoke different types of emotions for different people<br />Different choices of literary devises <br />Allusions, similes, symbolism<br />Words rarely tend to be neutral, instead they are filled with visual imagery and emotional connotations, language can evoke these through mere text <br />
  9. 9. Positive and Negative words <br />Positive words will evoke positive emotions in you<br />While negative words are more likely to evoke emotions of anger or sadness<br />lovely, amazing, joyful, glorious are all positive words <br />Hatred, depression, death, gore are negative words <br />
  10. 10. Images and Emotions<br />Crystal Cascades<br />Soft upon my eyelashes<br />Turning my cheeks to pink<br />Softly falling, falling<br />Not a sound in the air<br />Delicately designed in snow<br />Fading away at my touch<br />Leaving only a glistening drop<br />And its memory
- Mary O. Fumento, 1984 <br />
  11. 11. Written Word vs. Spoken Word<br />Writing: the purposeful manipulation of language (vocabulary and grammar).<br />Logistics<br />Visual representation <br />Can be referenced<br />Interpreted at reader’s chosen pace<br />Reader needs to interpret problematic meaning<br />

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