Ceremony for being adult ~Human Environment~  Culture Introduction      Takatoshi AKAI        JOCV/JICA   KWS Malindi Mari...
Outline• What is the aim of ceremony for being  adult?• Ceremony in developed countries• Test one’s physical strength• Cer...
Aim of ceremony for being adult• This ceremony is sacred activity for being adult.• There are various kinds of ceremonies ...
Ceremony in developed countries21 shots in New Zealand                    Seijin-shiki ( 成人式 ) in                         ...
Test one’s physical strength
Honey Hunter Gurung Tribe in NepalIn the majestic Himalayas has up to 2000 meters, and  there are big bee named “Apis labo...
Native customs in Sumatra• Jump over stone, much higher than own  height.• Once the youth succeed to jump over,  he/she al...
Bull jump of Hamal TribeThis ceremony for male of Hamal Tribe in Ethiopia.Put cow dung on the body, then walk on the back ...
Ceremony or survival test?
Papa Hunter            in Papua New GuineaOnce a boy succeed to hunt down a shark without any tool (maybe only harpoon), h...
Republic of                             Vanuatu Vanuatu                    AustraliaEvery April and May people in Vanuatu ...
Masai Tribe in KenyaOnce male Masai became 13~17 years old,he has to go to savanna and hunt down lion.Otherwise, tribe do ...
Veracruz in Mexico• Hanging head down  30m above ground,  then spin him 13  times.• If he come back  safely, people treat ...
Most pitiless ceremony    in the world…                   Pole                   ・・                    ・
Mandan Indian tribe in America• In early 19th century, they practiced this  ceremony to become an adult.• Hung a man upsid...
Conclusion• There are various kinds of ceremony  for being adult all over the world.• To know about different culture is v...
Ceremony for being adult
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Ceremony for being adult

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I am working at KWS in Malindi, Kenya, as a teacher of environment.
In this presentation, forcust on human environment and cultural aspects.
There are various kinds of ceremony for being adult all over the world.
To know about different culture is very important for broaden own horizons.
I hope, you have got some interest toward the world.

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  • Ceremony in developed countries  日本の成人式  21ショット
  • 本来の成人式は神聖なる大人への通過儀礼 世界各地でその土地によって様々な儀式がある
  • 西洋の 21 shots 日本の成人式
  • 標高 2000 メートルのヒマラヤ山脈の山岳部に生息し、そこに巨大な巣を作るヒマラヤオオミツバチ。ネパールには古くからハニーハンターと呼ばれる人たちが断崖絶壁に登り命がけのハチミツ狩りを行なっているという。  採取には縄ばしごとロープで崖を下り、竹製のカゴやへらのついた棒を使い、命がけでハチの巣を探る。ヒマラヤオオミツバチは体長が約 2 センチにもなる大型のミツバチで、ヒマラヤ山岳地帯にしか生息しない珍しいミツバチでそのハチミツも純度が高く、薬効成分もあり世界中から需要があるという。 この危険な作業は、グルン族と呼ばれる民族により行われている。グルン族はチベット系の山岳地帯に住む人びとで、森で断崖にできたミツバチの巣を身一つで集める。      グルン族の蜂蜜は世界最大の蜜蜂「ヒマラヤオオミツバチ」が高山シャクナゲや蘭の花など様々な森の花から集められた薬効成分のあるもので、人びとの大切な収入源、食物となっている。  ハチミツの採取作業は、約 30 メートルほどある崖の上と下にいるグループにわかれて行われる。崖の上に行くチームは、ロープをもって別の道から山を登り、蜂の巣のコロニーがある崖の上に辿り着くとロープを投げ下ろす。下のグループは植物の蔓で作った縄はしごの端をそれに括り付ける。また、生木の葉を切って集め、燃やして煙で蜂を燻りだす。     全ての準備が整うと、ハンター達は裸足で縄はしごを登りはじめる、この直後、蜂をおびき出す為、生木に火がつけられ、あたり一面は蜂よけの白い煙が漂いはじめるそうだ。( ソース ) 
  • エチオピアのハマル族の男性が行う儀式。 素っ裸になり、牛の糞を塗りまくります。 その後、横一列に並べられている大きな角を持った 10 頭の牛の背中を飛び歩く。
  • 足首に蔦(つた)のロープを巻いて高いやぐらから飛び降りる。 バヌアツという国で毎年 4 月~ 5 月のヤムイモの収穫の時期に合わせ、やぐらを組んだ 20m ~ 30m もの塔を作ります。 上から足首を蔓で縛り、地表へ飛び降ります。 地面ギリギリまで落ちることで勇敢な証明がされるそうです。
  • マサイ族の若者は、 10 代半ばになると一人でサバンナに出てライオンを仕留める。これができないと集落の会議への参加が認められない
  • 高さ30メートルの所で 逆さ吊りになり 13回グルグルと回されます。 無事に戻ってこられたら、立派な成人と認められます。
  • アメリカンインディアンのマンダン族 最も過酷なのは 19 世紀初頭、アメリカンインディアンのマンダン族の間で行われていた成人の儀式。それは、食事も睡眠も取らない状態で天井の梁(はり)から体を吊り下げられ、気絶するまでくるくると回転させられるというもの。うーん、これをやるなら成人しなくてもいいよ…という気さえしてくる。
  • Ceremony for being adult

    1. 1. Ceremony for being adult ~Human Environment~ Culture Introduction Takatoshi AKAI JOCV/JICA KWS Malindi Marine Park
    2. 2. Outline• What is the aim of ceremony for being adult?• Ceremony in developed countries• Test one’s physical strength• Ceremony or survival test?• Most pitiless ceremony in the world…
    3. 3. Aim of ceremony for being adult• This ceremony is sacred activity for being adult.• There are various kinds of ceremonies all over the world, depends on its locality.
    4. 4. Ceremony in developed countries21 shots in New Zealand Seijin-shiki ( 成人式 ) in Japan
    5. 5. Test one’s physical strength
    6. 6. Honey Hunter Gurung Tribe in NepalIn the majestic Himalayas has up to 2000 meters, and there are big bee named “Apis laboriosa”. This big bee up to 2cm.Honey hunters use only rope & ladder to clime down cliff.This honey use for medicine and food and export.Therefore, this honey is important income for them.They get honey by team play, during 1 team burn plants to emit smoke, another team clime down cliff to get honey. Nepal
    7. 7. Native customs in Sumatra• Jump over stone, much higher than own height.• Once the youth succeed to jump over, he/she allowed to be an adult.
    8. 8. Bull jump of Hamal TribeThis ceremony for male of Hamal Tribe in Ethiopia.Put cow dung on the body, then walk on the back of 10 cows.
    9. 9. Ceremony or survival test?
    10. 10. Papa Hunter in Papua New GuineaOnce a boy succeed to hunt down a shark without any tool (maybe only harpoon), he will be acknowledged as a man.They have to get shark, otherwise a boy never acknowledged as a man.
    11. 11. Republic of Vanuatu Vanuatu AustraliaEvery April and May people in Vanuatu harvest yam.At the same time, they create a tower up to 30m for ceremony.Some young men bungee jump, to show braveness for god of harvest and become a male.The man of closest to reach the ground will be the most brave.
    12. 12. Masai Tribe in KenyaOnce male Masai became 13~17 years old,he has to go to savanna and hunt down lion.Otherwise, tribe do not allowed him toparticipate any meeting.
    13. 13. Veracruz in Mexico• Hanging head down 30m above ground, then spin him 13 times.• If he come back safely, people treat him as an adult.
    14. 14. Most pitiless ceremony in the world… Pole ・・ ・
    15. 15. Mandan Indian tribe in America• In early 19th century, they practiced this ceremony to become an adult.• Hung a man upside down from a tie beam in the house, without food and sleep.• Then turn him until, he gone off into a faint.
    16. 16. Conclusion• There are various kinds of ceremony for being adult all over the world.• To know about different culture is very important for broaden own horizons.• I hope, you have got some interest toward the world.

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