Camouflage and Mimicry-Wisdom and evolution of organism-      Takatoshi AKAI        23-1 JOCV   KWS Malindi Marine Park
Difference between camouflage          and mimicry              • To change color of                body to shade into    ...
Mimic color / Hide color                                                  Baculum elongatumMoth / Tree trunk         Moth ...
Flash ColorLooks like big eyes.
Warning Color  They have poison
Mullerian mimicry Dangerous creature has similar color, especially yellow and black.
Batesian mimicry 1• Moth : mimic of wasp                           Nokona regalis (Moth )      Kakonoga  ( Moth )         ...
Batesian mimicry 2                                                             FormicomusMutilla mikado                   ...
Peckham’s mimicry 1• Angler fish                Use lantern to gather small fish and eat.                Other mimicry is ...
Peckham’s mimicry 2Myrmarachne japonica   Myrmarachne japonicaRed                    Black       They are spider, which ea...
Mertens’ mimicry Micrurus                           We also call it                                    猛毒型擬態 (venomous mim...
ConclusionCreatures experienced evolution to protect themselves.Some changed shapeSome changed colorTheir evolution aimed ...
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Camouflage and mimicry wisdom and evolution of organism- 偽装と擬態 -生物の知恵と進化-

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I am working at KWS (Kenya Wildlife Service) in Malindi, as a volunteer of JICA. My job is teacher of environment. This presentation is about camouflage and mimicry. Some species mimic other species to protect ownself.

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  • 偽装と擬態 -生物の知恵と進化-
  • 偽装と擬態の違い(偽装は主に色を変えて景色に溶け込み身を守る、擬態は主に他の生物や植物に化けて敵から身を守る)
  • 隠蔽色 Hide color /保護色 mimic color 捕食者:隠蔽色 被食者:保護色
  • 孔雀
  • 危険な生物が同じ様な色をしていること 制服型擬態
  • 偽物型擬態 カノコガ (鹿子蛾):鹿の子の斑点に似てるからついた名だがケニアに鹿いないので説明省く
  • Mutilla mikado  ミカドアリバチ Formicomus braminus ホソクビアリモドキ Methocha japonica ツヤアリバチ Riptortus pedestris ホソヘリカメムシ
  • 攻撃型擬態
  • 猛毒型擬態: Mertens’ mimicry サンゴヘビ  Micrurus ミルクヘビ  Lampropeltis triangulum
  • Camouflage and mimicry wisdom and evolution of organism- 偽装と擬態 -生物の知恵と進化-

    1. 1. Camouflage and Mimicry-Wisdom and evolution of organism- Takatoshi AKAI 23-1 JOCV KWS Malindi Marine Park
    2. 2. Difference between camouflage and mimicry • To change color of body to shade into scenery • To take the form of other organism, such as plant or insects
    3. 3. Mimic color / Hide color Baculum elongatumMoth / Tree trunk Moth / Fallen leave / leafGrass hopper Larva of Moth(Trilophidia japonica) (Abraxas latifasciata) Mantis / leave / Ground / Branch of tree
    4. 4. Flash ColorLooks like big eyes.
    5. 5. Warning Color They have poison
    6. 6. Mullerian mimicry Dangerous creature has similar color, especially yellow and black.
    7. 7. Batesian mimicry 1• Moth : mimic of wasp Nokona regalis (Moth ) Kakonoga  ( Moth ) Wasp
    8. 8. Batesian mimicry 2 FormicomusMutilla mikado braminusBee looks like Bee looks likeant. ant. ( 2.6 ~ 4.0mm )Methocha Riptortus japonica pedestrisBee looks like Stinkbug looksant. like ant. (15 ~ 17mm) ※Ant is like a gang of insects. So most creatures avoid ants, except ant bear.
    9. 9. Peckham’s mimicry 1• Angler fish Use lantern to gather small fish and eat. Other mimicry is aimed to escape from their predator. But, this mimicry is for get prey. Therefore, we also call it “Offensive Mimicry”
    10. 10. Peckham’s mimicry 2Myrmarachne japonica Myrmarachne japonicaRed Black They are spider, which eat ant.
    11. 11. Mertens’ mimicry Micrurus We also call it 猛毒型擬態 (venomous mimicry) ( Venom ) Lampropeltis triangulum ( no poison )Become looks like poisonous snakeand protect from predator.
    12. 12. ConclusionCreatures experienced evolution to protect themselves.Some changed shapeSome changed colorTheir evolution aimed to SURVIVE.

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