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Kathmandu

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Kathmandu is the capital and district of Nepal. It is a fertile valley with a shape of a bowl. It lies at 4429 feet in the Hilly region. Once it was a lake of the serpent. It covers 395 sq. km. land. It has an enclosed valley floor (with tar and dol) and surrounding mountain wall.

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Kathmandu

  1. 1. Kathmandu is the capital and district of Nepal. It is a fertile valley with a shape of a bowl. It lies at 4429 feet in the Hilly region. Once it was a lake of the serpent. It covers 395 sq. km. land. It has an enclosed valley floor (with tar and dol) and surrounding mountain wall. The two Holy Rivers, Bagmati, and Bishnumati flow out through the ancient Chobhar gorge to the Terai region. It calls the city of temples. It is an ancient civilized center that is at least 3000 years old. It seems a concrete jungle now. Tribhuvan international airport (TIA) is the only airport there that links different towns of the world. It lies 6 km east of city center. There are numerous small towns, such as Thamel, Ason, Baluwatar, Naxal, Durbar Marg, Baneshwor, Balaju, Ratna Park, Maharajgunj, and Lazimpat. Kathmandu was used to refer Nepal in the mythical era. This is still ancient period to onwards several dynasties, such as cowherds and buffalo herds, Kirat, Lichchavi, Deva, Malla, and Shah used capital and administrated center. According to a myth, Bipaswi Buddha threw a seed of lotus in the lake, which bloomed thousand of petals with light in 6 months. Sage Manjushree came from China. He wanted to make a settlement and worship the self-existent light what is believed in Swayambhunath now. He cut the Chobhar gorge by a divine sword. After draining it became habitable land. Next myth mentions, two hundred thousand years ago it was a lake and 31 thousand years ago it drained by the tectonic reason. Kantipur is an ancient name. Kasthamandap (wooden pavilion) is built by a single sal tree in the 12th century that obtained its name (Kath-wood and Mandu-temple). Shivapuri (2732 m) in north, Phulchowki (2765 m) in southeast, Champa Devi (2250m) in the southwest, Nagarjun (2097 m) in the north-west, Kakani (1982 m) to northwest, Pokhari Thumko (2005 m) in the southeast and Bhaleswore Danda (2561 m) in the southwest are the wooded hill. Kathmandu has a tropical monsoon climate, warm temperate monsoon climate, and cool temperate monsoon climate. Temperature will be o° Celsius to 3° Celsius in winter and 28℃ to 36℃ in summer. Newar is an ancient inhabitant and an ethnic group who has own culture, language, tradition, festival and dress. Four million people with a mixed community live there. There are 0.6 million motorbikes, half million vehicles in Kathmandu, Bhaktapur, and Lalitpur district. There are several universities, numerous colleges, schools, shopping centers, hotels, restaurants, casinos, bars, discotheques, massage centers, hospital, and factories. This might be a beautiful city if town planning. It seems a concrete jungle and lack of infrastructure.

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