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From Turkey - European Institutions


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From Turkey - European Institutions

  1. 1. <ul><li>EUROPEAN I NS TITUTI ONS </li></ul>
  2. 2. THE PARLIAMENT <ul><li>It is an ind e pendent body. </li></ul><ul><li>It represents the interests of the EU citizens. </li></ul><ul><li>It shares the legislative power with the Council. </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>Members are elected once every five years by voters right across the 27 Member States of the European Union on behalf of its 500 million citizens . </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>The Parliament is based in three different cities with numerous buildings. </li></ul><ul><li>A protocol attached to the Treaty of Amsterdam requires that 12 plenary sessions be held in Strasbourg . E xtra part sessions as well as committee meetings are held in Brussels. Luxembourg hosts the Secretariat of the European Parliament </li></ul>
  5. 5. The European Parliament Main R esponsibilities <ul><li>1. Passing European laws jointly with the Council in many policy areas. </li></ul><ul><li>2. Parliament exercises democratic supervision over the other EU institutions, and in particular the Commission. </li></ul><ul><li>3. The power of the purse. Parliament shares with the Council authority over the EU budget and can therefore influence EU spending. </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>The Parliament’s decision is being taken by Political groups, Court and Court members. </li></ul><ul><li>They work for five years . </li></ul>
  7. 7. EUROPEAN COMMISSION <ul><li>European commission represent executive power in EU. </li></ul><ul><li>It is an ind e pendent body. </li></ul><ul><li>The Commission operates as a cabinet government, with 27 Commissioners </li></ul><ul><li>Chairman and Commission members are appointed through consensus by the governments of member states . </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>Their seats are in Brussels and Luxembourg. </li></ul><ul><li>They work for five years. </li></ul>
  9. 9. The European Commission Main R esponsibilities <ul><li>1. T o propose legislation to Parliament and the Council . </li></ul><ul><li>2. T o manage and implement EU policies and </li></ul><ul><li>the budget . </li></ul><ul><li>3. T o enforce European law (jointly with the </li></ul><ul><li>Court of Justice) . </li></ul><ul><li>4. T o represent the European Union on the international stage . </li></ul>
  10. 10. EUROPEAN COUNCIL <ul><li>EU's main decision-making body. </li></ul><ul><li>It represents the Member States. </li></ul><ul><li>Their seats are in Brussels . </li></ul><ul><li>The council consist s of the President , Counc il members and Political parties . </li></ul><ul><li>European Council have met since 1974. They meet four times in a year. </li></ul>
  11. 11. The Council of the EU Main R esponsibilities <ul><li>1. To pass European laws jointly with the European Parliament in many policy areas. </li></ul><ul><li>2. To coordinate the broad economic policies of the Member States. </li></ul><ul><li>3. To conclude international agreements between the EU and other countries or international organisations. </li></ul><ul><li>4. To approve the EU’s budget, jointly with the European Parliament. </li></ul><ul><li>5. To develop the EU’s Common Foreign and Security Policy (CFSP). </li></ul><ul><li>6. To coordinate cooperation between the national courts and police forces in criminal matters. </li></ul>