What is « the Lisbon treaty » ? <ul><li>Definition: </li></ul><ul><li>This is a treaty signed on December 13th, 2007 in Lisbon between the 27 Member States of the European Union, which tends to transform the institutional architecture of the Union. </li></ul><ul><li>This treaty was prepared for the second semester 2007 by an intergovernmental conference (CIG) constituted to palliate the non-ratification of the treaty establishing a constitution for Europe of 2004. </li></ul><ul><li>Contrary to the constitutional treaty of 2004 that replaced the 2 big treaties by a new text, this treaty keeps the same guidelines but goes deeper . This treaty is composed of: </li></ul><ul><li>- The treaty instituting the European Community (Rome, on 1957) is renamed « treaty on the functioning of the Union »; </li></ul><ul><li>The treaty on the European Union (treaty of Maastricht) of 1992. </li></ul><ul><li>The treaty comes into application on December 1st, 2009. </li></ul><ul><li>The text of the treaty was approved by the European Council of Lisbon on October 19th, 2007, and signed on December 13th of the same year by the 27 leaders of State or government, also in Lisbon, to be then ratified by every Member State according to its own procedures of ratification. </li></ul>
Characteristics On 1 December 2009, the Treaty of Lisbon entered into force, thus ending several years of negotiation about institutional issues. The Treaty of Lisbon amends the current EU and EC treaties, without replacing them. It provides the Union with the legal framework and tools necessary to meet future challenges and to respond to citizens' demands.
The Europe of the Future The treaty of Lisbon will change both fundamental treaties of the European Union, to know the treaty about the European Union and the treaty instituting the European Community. The title of this last will be changed « in treaty on the functioning of the European Union ». Besides, several protocols and statements will be appended to the treaty. The goal is to create a new Europe: - More democratic and more transparent, - More efficient, - A model about rights and stocks, freedom, solidarity and security,
The origins of the treaty of Lisbon The treaty of Lisbon, which was officially signed by the leaders of Member States on December 13th, 2007, came into force on the December 1st, 2009. It was ratified by every Member State. The procedure of ratification varies from a country to the other one, according to the constitutional system from every Member State.
changes What changes does the treaty of Lisbon bring for the citizens? The treaty reinforces the capacity of action between countries members (27 countries) Thanks to it EU acquires a way and a stronger coherence on the international stage. He answers wait of the Euro-citizens of political point of view in domain social, climanique and environmental and on insecurity in Europe. This treaty of Lisbon allows a certain stability, fastness and a certain transparence.
Environment The treaty of Lisbon stipulates that one of the objectives of the Union is to work in a lasting development of Europe founded, notably, on a well brought up level of protection and improvement of the quality of environment. Even if the idea of lasting development has already appeared in the existent treaties, it is reinforced and specified in the treaty of Lisbon. Lasting development is also considered to be one of the fundamental objectives of the Union in its relations with the rest of the world. Climatic change is one of the main environmental, social and economic stakes to which we are confronted. The treaty of Lisbon makes the worldwide conflict against climatic change a specific objective of the environmental policy of the EU. He adds to the list of objectives defining this European policy the competition brought by the Union in the international conflict against change climatique. Ce climatic. It making, it acknowledges apparently that the EU has a role of first plan to be played in this respect on the worldwide stage.