Building prototyping confidence in innovation process

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Building prototyping confidence in innovation process

  1. 1. 5 JUNE 2013. GEB. CPDD.IvP Workshop2013Copyright © Ministry of Education, Singapore.Building Prototyping Confidencein the Innovation Process
  2. 2. 5 JUNE 2013. GEB. CPDD.IvP Workshop2013Copyright © Ministry of Education, Singapore.Building Prototyping Confidencein the Innovation ProcessDavid Kwek.Tan ChorYean. Melvin Tan.Benjamin Tan.Tan Huizhen.JohnYeo.
  3. 3. in the Innovation Process• Introduction: About IvP• What is prototyping?• Prototyping Lesson• Conclusion + Feedback5 JUNE 2013. GEB. CPDD.IvP Workshop2013Copyright © Ministry of Education, Singapore.Building Prototyping Confidence9 0 m i n u t e s
  4. 4. in the Innovation Process5 JUNE 2013. GEB. CPDD.IvP Workshop2013Copyright © Ministry of Education, Singapore.Building Prototyping ConfidenceINNOVATIONPROGRAMMECreative ProblemsolvingInventive thinkingProblem findingBrainstormingPrototypingTesting
  5. 5. in the Innovation Process5 JUNE 2013. GEB. CPDD.IvP Workshop2013Copyright © Ministry of Education, Singapore.Building Prototyping ConfidenceINNOVATIONPROGRAMMEREVIEWINGProblem 1: Students are moreconcerned with creating end-products, not discovering newideas.Problem 2: The innovation processis curtailed by the students’ ownperceptions of whether the idea isprototype-able.
  6. 6. in the Innovation Process5 JUNE 2013. GEB. CPDD.IvP Workshop2013Copyright © Ministry of Education, Singapore.Building Prototyping ConfidenceINNOVATIONPROGRAMMECreative ProblemsolvingInventive thinkingProblem findingBrainstormingNeed to buildPrototypingconfidenceTestingREVIEWING
  7. 7. in the Innovation Process5 JUNE 2013. GEB. CPDD.IvP Workshop2013Copyright © Ministry of Education, Singapore.Building Prototyping ConfidencePrototypingConfidence?
  8. 8. PROTOTYPINGin the Innovation Process5 JUNE 2013. GEB. CPDD.IvP Workshop2013Copyright © Ministry of Education, Singapore.Building Prototyping ConfidenceLessonbegins!What is Prototyping? Problem Identification Prototyping Testing
  9. 9. in the Innovation Process5 JUNE 2013. GEB. CPDD.IvP Workshop2013Copyright © Ministry of Education, Singapore.Building Prototyping ConfidenceWhat is Prototyping? Problem Identification Prototyping TestingTOMMY CHIRapid PrototypingGoogle Glass
  10. 10. in the Innovation Process5 JUNE 2013. GEB. CPDD.IvP Workshop2013Copyright © Ministry of Education, Singapore.Building Prototyping ConfidenceCLARIFYING: “Representation of a design made before the finalsolution exists” (Moggridge, 2006) & “Indicators of future reality” (Houdeand Hill, 1997)TESTING: “Tools for gaining empathy” (Buchenau and Suri, 2000) & “Testassumptions before the change is implemented” (Gardner, unknown)DISCOVERING: “Leads to earlier identification of problems and blindalleys when it is still feasible to fix them” (Hartmann, 2009) & “Backtalk”(Schoen, 1988) – unexpected realisations that help uncover problems orgenerate suggestions for next iteration.ITERATING: “To explore, evolve, and/or communicate ideas”(Coughlan et al, 2007) & “Range from low-fidelity sketches and cardboardcutouts to high-fidelity models (Wong, 1992)What is Prototyping? Problem Identification Prototyping Testing
  11. 11. in the Innovation Process5 JUNE 2013. GEB. CPDD.IvP Workshop2013Copyright © Ministry of Education, Singapore.Building Prototyping ConfidenceWhat is Prototyping? Problem Identification Prototyping Testing“The guiding forcethat creates a productis purpose or intent.”Perkins, 1981
  12. 12. in the Innovation ProcessFor this workshop, we will beworking on “commonproblems faced by teachers”.Step 1: BrainstormingStep 2: 4Is AnalysisStep 3: Ladder of Abstraction5 JUNE 2013. GEB. CPDD.IvP Workshop2013Copyright © Ministry of Education, Singapore.Building Prototyping ConfidenceWhat is Prototyping? Problem Identification Prototyping Testing
  13. 13. in the Innovation Process5 JUNE 2013. GEB. CPDD.IvP Workshop2013Copyright © Ministry of Education, Singapore.Building Prototyping ConfidenceWhat is Prototyping? Problem Identification Prototyping Testing• Generate a list of 30-50 potentialproblems that should be worked on.• Need NOT be from a commontheme.• For this workshop, we havegenerated a list of ‘30 commonproblems faced by teachers’.
  14. 14. in the Innovation Process5 JUNE 2013. GEB. CPDD.IvP Workshop2013Copyright © Ministry of Education, Singapore.Building Prototyping ConfidenceWhat is Prototyping? Problem Identification Prototyping Testing4Is ANALYSIS• Influence• Importance• Immediacy• Imagination
  15. 15. Ladder of Abstracting• After analysing the 30 problems, pick theone that we feel is the most important towork on.* Need not be the problem with 4 ticks• With the chosen problem, analyse it again tosee if it is really the problem that we want.*For this workshop, we will work on the problem‘students sleeping in class’.in the Innovation Process5 JUNE 2013. GEB. CPDD.IvP Workshop2013Copyright © Ministry of Education, Singapore.Building Prototyping ConfidenceWhat is Prototyping? Problem Identification Prototyping Testing
  16. 16. in the Innovation Process5 JUNE 2013. GEB. CPDD.IvP Workshop2013Copyright © Ministry of Education, Singapore.Building Prototyping ConfidenceWhat is Prototyping? Problem Identification Prototyping TestingTime toPrototype!
  17. 17. in the Innovation Process5 JUNE 2013. GEB. CPDD.IvP Workshop2013Copyright © Ministry of Education, Singapore.Building Prototyping ConfidenceWhat is Prototyping? Problem Identification Prototyping Testing• From the ladder of abstraction, orotherwise, identify one keyproblem that you want to work on.• Discuss and brainstorm as manysolutions as possible.– Go for quantity– Defer judgement– Go for wild ideas– Build on ideas
  18. 18. in the Innovation Process5 JUNE 2013. GEB. CPDD.IvP Workshop2013Copyright © Ministry of Education, Singapore.Building Prototyping ConfidenceWhat is Prototyping? Problem Identification Prototyping TestingDecide on one solution to work on and start toprototype.• Need not be a product, butcan be• Can be a storyboard,paper prototype etc• Use it for testing
  19. 19. click here to start timer20 minutes
  20. 20. in the Innovation Process5 JUNE 2013. GEB. CPDD.IvP Workshop2013Copyright © Ministry of Education, Singapore.Building Prototyping ConfidenceWhat is Prototyping? Problem Identification Prototyping TestingFor the group presentingFor the rest of the groupsgiving feedbackPRESENTATION + FEEDBACK–Listen with an open mind–Do NOT be defensive–Write down feedbackI Like:What do you like?IWish:What can beimproved?What if: Any ideas?
  21. 21. Use the feedback to improve your idea!click here to start timer10 minutes
  22. 22. in the Innovation Process5 JUNE 2013. GEB. CPDD.IvP Workshop2013Copyright © Ministry of Education, Singapore.Building Prototyping ConfidenceConclusion
  23. 23. in the Innovation Process5 JUNE 2013. GEB. CPDD.IvP Workshop2013Copyright © Ministry of Education, Singapore.Building Prototyping ConfidencePrototypingConfidencePrototypingMindsetPrototypingKnow-how+=
  24. 24. in the Innovation Process5 JUNE 2013. GEB. CPDD.IvP Workshop2013Copyright © Ministry of Education, Singapore.Building Prototyping ConfidencePrototypingConfidencePrototypingMindsetPrototypingKnow-how+=Stage 1:INSPIREStage 2:EVOLVEStage 3:VALIDATEEmbrace failure Expect changes Manage changesBuild it yourself Build it with anexpertHave an expertbuild itLeverage yourdesign communityLeverage ourexpertsLeverage ourvendor networkPrototype tospecifyPrototype ispartially specifiedPrototype isspecifiedLow resolutionmodelTargeted model Integratedmodel
  25. 25. in the Innovation Process5 JUNE 2013. GEB. CPDD.IvP Workshop2013Copyright © Ministry of Education, Singapore.Building Prototyping ConfidencePrototypingConfidencePrototypingMindsetPrototypingKnow-how+=Stage 1:INSPIREStage 2:EVOLVEStage 3:VALIDATEEmbrace failure Expect changes Manage changesBuild it yourself Build it with anexpertHave an expertbuild itLeverage yourdesign communityLeverage ourexpertsLeverage ourvendor networkPrototype tospecifyPrototype ispartially specifiedPrototype isspecifiedLow resolutionmodelTargeted model Integratedmodel
  26. 26. Developing Prototyping Mindsetsin the Innovation Process5 JUNE 2013. GEB. CPDD.IvP Workshop2013Copyright © Ministry of Education, Singapore.Building Prototyping Confidence“FEEDBACK  REFINEMENT” CYCLEReal users, peers, teachers and expertsBE CURIOUS:“There must be abetter way.”SHOW EMPATHY:“It’s not about me.”EMBRACEFAILURE:“Mistakes areopportunities forlearning.”
  27. 27. Developing Prototyping Know-howin the Innovation Process5 JUNE 2013. GEB. CPDD.IvP Workshop2013Copyright © Ministry of Education, Singapore.Building Prototyping Confidence“THINKING + DOING” COMBOThink of what to doDo to enhance thinkingHutchins (2005) argues that “material anchors” helpstabilise conceptual knowledge:“Reasoning processes require stablerepresentations of constraints. ..The associationof conceptual structure with material structurecan stabilise conceptual representation.”
  28. 28. in the Innovation Process5 JUNE 2013. GEB. CPDD.IvP Workshop2013Copyright © Ministry of Education, Singapore.Building Prototyping ConfidenceRunco, 2005“With a focus on product, educators will not beable to help the children who need help themost – those with potential who could beproductive but are not yet quite ready.”
  29. 29. in the Innovation ProcessRosyth School5 JUNE 2013. GEB. CPDD.IvP Workshop2013Copyright © Ministry of Education, Singapore.Building Prototyping Confidence
  30. 30. in the Innovation ProcessNanyang Primary School5 JUNE 2013. GEB. CPDD.IvP Workshop2013Copyright © Ministry of Education, Singapore.Building Prototyping Confidence
  31. 31. in the Innovation Process5 JUNE 2013. GEB. CPDD.IvP Workshop2013Copyright © Ministry of Education, Singapore.Building Prototyping Confidence• Coming up with concrete lesson ideas to helpteachers facilitate IvP sessions in class.• A more thorough look at the problem-finding phase.
  32. 32. Please let us know...• About the Prototyping Lesson– I Like:What do you like?– I Wish:What can be improved?– What if: Any ideas?• About the Workshop– Evaluation form
  33. 33. SPECIALTHANKS5 JUNE 2013. GEB. CPDD.Copyright © Ministry of Education, Singapore.NIE:John YeoGE Branch:Dr Tan Bee Geok,Dr Quek Chwee Geok,Miss Joyce Soh,Mrs Soo Kim Bee
  34. 34. REFERENCES5 JUNE 2013. GEB. CPDD.Copyright © Ministry of Education, Singapore.Björn Hartmann, Gaining Design Insight Through Interaction PrototypingTools. Ph.D. Dissertation, Stanford University Computer ScienceDepartment, September 2009.Buchenau, M., & Fulton Suri, J. (2000). Experience prototyping. InProceedings of Design of Interactive Systems 2000 (pp. 424-433). New York:ACM Press.Houde, S., & Hill, C. (1997). What do prototypes prototype? In M. Helander,T. Landauer, & P. Prabhu (Eds.), Handbook of human-computer interaction(2nd ed., pp. 367-381). Amsterdam: Elsevier Science.Coughlan, P., Suri, J., & Canales, K. (2008). Prototypes as (Design) Tools forBehavioral and Organizational Change: A Design-Based Approach to HelpOrganizations Change Work Behaviors. The Journal of Applied BehavioralScience, 43(1), 1-13

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