Voz pasiva

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Voz pasiva

  1. 1. Inglés para la Comunidad 2013 Mgs. Yenny Medina ConsejoComunalElUveralII 1 Voz Pasiva Voz Activa: I check my Facebook everyday Sujet verbo C.D. C.I. Voz Pasiva: My Facebook is checked everyday C.D. + verbo tobe+ p.p. + C.I. + (by) sujeto nominal (si existe) C.D.= complemento directo (¿qué? – ¿quién?) C.I.= complemento indirecto (¿dónde? – ¿Cuándo? – ¿Cómo? – ¿Por qué?) P.P.= participio pasado (verbo + terminación “ed” o verbo irregular) Sujeto Nominal: Cuando el sujeto es conocido, tiene nombre Tiempos de la voz pasiva Presente simple: Sujeto (c.d.) + is/are/am + p.p The store is opened at 8:30 La tienda es abierta / se abre a las 8:30 The tickets are sold in the stadium los boletos son vendidos / se venden en el estadio I am invited to the party Yo estoy invitado a la fiesta Pasado simple: Sujeto (c.d.) + was / were + p.p The movie was featured yesterday La película fue pasada ayer The boys were punished los muchachos fueron castigados Futuro: Sujeto (c.d.) + will be (won’t be) + p.p A new model of the telephone will be sold Un Nuevo modelo del teléfono será vendido The exam won’t be postponed El examen no será postpuesto Presente Perfecto: Sujeto (c.d.) + have / has been + p.p The exams have been corrected los examenes han sido corregidos The program has been cancelled El programa ha sido cancelado Pasado perfecto: Sujeto (c.d.) + had been + p.p The computer had been fixed La computadora había sido arreglada Ejercicio 1 Completa con el verbo to be en la forma que corresponda a.- That car _________ made in 1963 b.- The results _____________ published tomorrow c.- Spanish ____________ spoken in Argentina. d.- The tickets _________________ delivered since last week e.- Those products _______________ sold in my store
  2. 2. Inglés para la Comunidad 2013 Mgs. Yenny Medina ConsejoComunalElUveralII 2 Ejercicio 2 Escribe los siguientes verbos en participio pasado Verbo p.p Verbo p.p a) Study studied k) publish b) Play l) Make c) Execute m)correct d) Write n) give e) Open o) raise f) star p) Watch g) Listen q) Witness h) Produce r) Add i) create s) Teach j) see t) bring Ejercicio 3 Transforma las siguientes oraciones de voz active a voz pasiva Ej. Johnny Depp starred “Pirates of the Caribbean” Pirates of the Caribbean was starred by Johnny Depp a.- Gabriel Garcia Marquez wrote “Cien años de soledad” ____________________________________________________________________ b.- The guard opens the bank at 8:30 a.m. ______________________________________________________________________ c.- The secretary wrote the letter _____________________________________________________________________ d.- They will publish the score next week ______________________________________________________________________ e.- They haven’t raised salaries _____________________________________________________________________ f.- the teacher had corrected the exams _____________________________________________________________________ g.- They made that T.V. in Japan ______________________________________________________________________ Respuestas Ejercicio 1. a. was- b. will be- c. is- d. have been- e. are. Ejercicio 2. a. studied –b. played- c.executed- d. written- e. opened- f. starred- g. listened- h. produced- i. created- j. seen- k. published- l. made- m. corrected- n. given- o- raised-p. watched – q. witnessed- r. added- s. taught- t. brought- Ejercicio 3-a. Cien años de Soledad was written by Gabriel Garcia Marquez. - b. The bank is opened by the Guard at 8:30 a.m.- c. The letter was written by the secretary. – d. The score will be published next week. –e. Salaries haven’t been raised. –f. The exams had been corrected by the teacher. – g. That T.V. was made in Japan.

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