There is much more to it than just sand, sea and sun!MaltaMartina Cuschieri
Contents KONTENUT• Introduction INTRODUZZJONI• Language LINGWA• History and Myths STORJA U MITI• Culture KULTURA• Food and Drink IKEL U XORB• Music and Films MUŻIKA U FILMS• Research and Industry RIĊERKA U INDUSTRIJA• Touristic Sights POSTIJIET TURISTIĊI
The Maltese Language IL-LINGWA MALTIJA• Originally descendent of Siculo-Arabic• Earlier larger influence of Italian -> Upper ClassToday:• Semitic Base+ Sicilian, Italian, French and English words• Latin characters + ż, ċ, ġ, għ, ħ, ieBonġu(good morning), Bonswa(good evening),Ħello(hello), Ċaw/Saħħa(bye), Ċirs/Evviva(cheers)And a lot of swearing referring to religious figures, genitalia and sexual
History and Myths STORJA U MITI• Prehistory: 1st settlers (Sicani)- 5200BC– Built megalytic temples ~3600BC• Ġgantija (“of giant form”)• Ħaġar Qim (“stones of worship”)• (Giza pyramids ~2550BC)– Cart Ruts• Lead to sea at some points• Possible connection to Atlantis?
History and MythsSTORJA U MITI• 1000-264BC Phoenicians, Greeksand Carthaginians– Gozo also known as “the island of Calypso”• 218BC- 454AD Romans– Shipwreck of St. Paul• 533-870AD Byzantines• 870-1091 AD Arabs
History and MythsSTORJA U MITI• 1091-1194 AD Normans• 1194-1350 AD various (Kingdom of Sicily)• 1350-1530 AD Kingdom of Sicily• 1530-1798 AD Knights of St. John of Jerusalem• 1798-1799 AD Napoleon• 1814-1964 AD British• 1964 (21st September) - Maltese Independence• 1974 (13th December) - Republic of Malta• 2004 (1st May) - EU Membership
Culture KULTURA• Mediterranean– Roman Catholic religion– Family– Good food– Enjoying life– Traditions
Food and Drink IKEL U XORB• Food– Predominantly Sicilianbut with British and North African influences
Food and Drink IKEL U XORBTypical Maltese Food:• Pastizzi!!• TwisteesDrinks:• Wine• Beer• Kinnie
Food and Drink IKEL U XORB• Most important factor:Made with LOVE MAGĦMUL BL-IMĦABBA
Music MUŻIKA• Għana– Sicilian with middle eastern influences– Can be either “improvised” or “planned”http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SzIGWbKvEdA• Rock and roll singers• Modern music (all genres)– On the increase in the last 10 years• Joseph Calleja – famous tenor– World fame– Night of the proms (UK)
Films FILMS• Popular location– Lighting, natural scenery, costs1952 Malta Story 1967 Casino Royale 1969 David Copperfield1980 Popeye 2000 Gladiator, U-5712002 The Count of Monte Christo2003 The League of Extraordinary Gentlemen2004 Troy 2005 Munich2006 The Da Vinci Code2011 Conan the Barbarian,Game of Thrones2013 World War Z
Research and Industry RIĊERKA U INDUSTRIJA• University of Malta– Founded in 1592 by the Jesuit priests– Covers wide range of areas at all levelsEngineering, Architecture & Civil Engineering, AppliedSciences, Medicine, Law, Arts, Theology, Communications, Economics, etc.– State subsidised– Currently 11,342 students(300 in 1960, 1000 in 1970
Research and Industry RIĊERKA U INDUSTRIJA• Tourism• Limestone• Manufacturing ofhigh-value products– Export mainly to Germany– Import mainly from Italy• Agriculture– POTATOES!
Touristic Sights POSTIJIET TURISTIĊI• Prehistoric Temples