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The Evolution of Philanthropic Evaluation and Assessment in China


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The Evolution of Philanthropic Evaluation and Assessment in China

  1. 1. The Evolution of PhilanthropicEvaluation and Assessment in ChinaAndrew HoOctober 25, 2012American Evaluation AssociationMinneapolis, MN
  2. 2. • Over 13 years of corporate, philanthropy, and nonprofit sector experience• MBA and MPP from Georgetown University• Registered Chartered Advisor in Philanthropy (CAP)
  3. 3. Philanthropy in China• China now has over 2,600 charitable foundations, vs. zero just 10 years ago – Donations total approx. $90B RMB, or about US$15 billion – Top causes include education (34%), poverty reduction (28%) and human services (10%) – Draft of Guidelines for the Development of Chinese Philanthropy (2011-2015) currently under discussion
  4. 4. What is evaluation in philanthropy?• Evaluation in philanthropy is systematic information gathering and study of grantmaker-supported activities that informs learning and drives improvement.• Evaluation includes both intentional learning about the results of a grantmaker’s work and applied study of supported projects.Adapted from Grantmakers for Effective Organizations, Evaluation in Philanthropy (2009)
  5. 5. Purposes of Evaluations Conductedfor and of GrantmakersEvaluations are conducted to:• Render judgment, provide accountability, inform decisions related to grantmaking (about grantee and grantmaker actions)• Facilitate improvements, grantee or grantmaker performance and learning• Generate knowledge, program model development and replication, root problems and solutions, mobilize resources to address problemsAdapted from the Bruner Foundation
  6. 6. Why evaluation hasn’t taken off inChina• Notions of accountability and the law – The Guo Meimei scandal• Culture of philanthropy in China – Factors other than effectiveness• Individual vs. institutional philanthropy in China – Mistrust of institutions
  7. 7. Published in 2009 jointly by:Grantmakers for Effective Organizations, www.geofunders.orgCouncil on Foundations,
  8. 8. It’s about improvement,not just proofHow do we measure results, and learn how towork more effectively?
  9. 9. It’s about contribution, notattribution• What are the range of factors affecting progress on an issue?• Are the specific interventions that can contribute to positive change?
  10. 10. It’s about learning with others,not alone• No charity works in isolation; how can we develop trust and relationship to learn together?• How can the funding process be more collaborative and less combative?
  11. 11. It’s about going beyondthe individual grant• What return is the grantmaker getting on its full portfolio of investments?• How can it do a better job of achieving its mission?
  12. 12. It’s about embracing failure
  13. 13. What might be some conditions ofreadiness for evaluation?1. A group of influential foundations and individual donors committed to transparency and accountability for the philanthropic sector2. Philanthropists demonstrate an understanding of and willingness to fund evaluation efforts3. The China Foundation Center, with support from domestic and international funders, leads efforts promoting evaluation
  14. 14. China may not be ready forevaluation, but evaluationshould be ready for China.